27 Facts About Interpol


International Criminal Police Organization, commonly known as Interpol, is an international organization that facilitates worldwide police cooperation and crime control.

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Interpol was conceived during the first International Criminal Police Congress in 1914, which brought officials from 24 countries to discuss cooperation in law enforcement.

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In 1956, the ICPC adopted a new constitution and the name Interpol, derived from its telegraphic address used since 1946.

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Interpol provides investigative support, expertise, and training to law enforcement worldwide, focusing on three major areas of transnational crime: terrorism, cybercrime, and organized crime.

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Interpol has an annual budget of €142 million, most of which comes from annual contributions by member police forces in 181 countries.

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Pursuant to its charter, Interpol seeks to remain politically neutral in fulfilling its mandate, and is thus barred from interventions or activities that are political, military, religious, or racial in nature and from involving itself in disputes over such matters.

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The Monaco Congress laid out twelve principles and priorities that would eventually become foundational to Interpol, including providing direct contact between police in different nations; creating an international standard for forensics and data collection; and facilitating the efficient processing of extradition requests.

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Until the 1980s, Interpol did not intervene in the prosecution of Nazi war criminals in accordance with Article 3 of its Charter, which prohibited intervention in "political" matters.

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Role of Interpol is defined by the general provisions of its constitution.

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Contrary to the common idea due to frequent portrayals in popular media, Interpol is not a supranational law enforcement agency and has no agents with arresting powers.

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Interpol's lost and stolen travel document database alone contains more than 12 million records.

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Interpol began issuing its own travel documents in 2009 with hopes that nations would remove visa requirements for individuals travelling for Interpol business, thereby improving response times.

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Interpol has been criticized for mistaking people on yellow alerts.

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Interpol came under heavy criticism from Mexican news and media for helping out Policia Federal Ministerial, Mexican Federal Police, and the U S Embassy and Consulate in Mexico, in what was believed to be a kidnapping.

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On 25 July 2014, despite Interpol's Constitution prohibiting them from undertaking any intervention or activities of a political or military nature, the Ukrainian nationalist paramilitary leader Dmytro Yarosh was placed on Interpol's international wanted list at the request of Russian authorities, which made him the only person wanted internationally after the beginning of the conflict between Ukraine and Russia in 2014.

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Procedure for filing an appeal with Interpol is a long and complex one.

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However, in most cases, Interpol removes a Red Notice against refugees only after an authoritarian state closes a criminal case or declares amnesty .

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In 2016, Taiwan criticised Interpol for turning down their application to join the General Assembly as an observer.

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In 2013, Interpol was criticised over its multimillion-dollar deals with such private sector bodies as FIFA, Philip Morris, and the pharmaceutical industry.

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Interpol was warned that it could lose credibility if al-Raisi was elected as the president.

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Interpol was fed a cocktail of drugs during his imprisonment.

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Interpol was stabbed with a pocket knife in his chest and arms, struck in the mouth causing him to lose a front tooth, suffocated with a plastic bag and had his clothing set on fire by arresting officers.

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The report stated that the Emirati general, Ahmed Naser Al-Raisi who bid for the role of Interpol chief was unsuitable for the position following links to human rights abuses.

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The think tank raised questions on the choices and support of reforms by Interpol for electing member states and members who have a poor record.

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From 1 to 3 July 2015, Interpol organized a session of the Working Group on the Processing of Information, which was formed specifically in order to verify the mechanisms of information processing.

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Current emblem of Interpol was adopted in 1950 and includes the following elements:.

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Interpol opened a Special Representative Office to the UN in New York City in 2004 and to the EU in Brussels in 2009.

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