26 Facts About Geneva


Geneva) is the second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zurich) and the most populous city of Romandy, the French-speaking part of Switzerland.

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Geneva is a global city, a financial centre, and a worldwide centre for diplomacy due to the presence of numerous international organizations, including the headquarters of many agencies of the United Nations and the Red Cross.

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Together with, for instance, New York City, Basel (Bank for International Settlements), and Strasbourg (Council of Europe), Geneva is a city serving as the headquarters of one of the most important international organizations, without being the capital of a country.

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In 2021, Geneva was ranked as the world's ninth most important financial centre for competitiveness by the Global Financial Centres Index, fifth in Europe behind London, Zurich, Frankfurt and Luxembourg.

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In 2019, Geneva was ranked among the ten most liveable cities in the world by Mercer together with Zurich and Basel.

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Geneva was an Allobrogian border town, fortified against the Helvetii tribe, when the Romans took it in 121 BC.

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Geneva flourished in the 19th and 20th centuries, becoming the seat of many international organizations.

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Geneva is located at 46°12' North, 6°09' East, at the south-western end of Lake Geneva, where the Rhone flows out.

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The second main river of Geneva is the Arve, which flows into the Rhone just west of the city centre.

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Mont Blanc can be seen from Geneva and is an hour's drive from the city.

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Climate of Geneva is a temperate climate, more specifically an oceanic climate.

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Any resident of Geneva allowed to vote can be elected as a member of the Municipal Council.

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Geneva has historically been considered a Protestant city and was known as the Protestant Rome due to it being the base of John Calvin, William Farel, Theodore Beza and other Protestant reformers.

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Geneva was a shelter for Calvinists, but at the same time it persecuted Roman Catholics and others considered heretics.

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In 1802, during its annexation to France under Napoleon I, the Diocese of Geneva was united with the Diocese of Chambery, but the 1814 Congress of Vienna and the 1816 Treaty of Turin stipulated that in the territories transferred to a now considerably extended Geneva, the Catholic religion was to be protected and that no changes were to be made in existing conditions without an agreement with the Holy See.

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Geneva has been organizing a 'Course de l'Escalade', which means 'Climbing Race'.

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The education system in the Canton of Geneva has eight years of primary school, with 32, 716 students.

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Geneva is home to the University of Geneva where approximately 16, 500 students are regularly enrolled.

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Geneva is home to five major libraries, the Bibliotheques municipales Geneve, the Haute ecole de travail social, Institut d'etudes sociales, the Haute ecole de sante, the Ecole d'ingenieurs de Geneve and the Haute ecole d'art et de design.

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Geneva's economy is largely service-driven and closely linked to the rest of the canton.

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Geneva is home to Geneve-Servette HC, which plays in the National League.

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Geneva is home to the basketball team Lions de Geneve, 2013 and 2015 champions of the Swiss Basketball League.

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Geneva is connected to the motorway systems of both Switzerland and France.

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Geneva is the European headquarters of the United Nations, in the Palace of Nations building, up the hill from the headquarters of the former League of Nations.

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Several agencies are headquartered in Geneva, including the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, the World Health Organization, the International Labour Organization, International Telecommunication Union, the International Baccalaureate Organization and the World Intellectual Property Organization.

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Maison de la Paix building hosts the three Geneva centres supported by the Swiss Confederation: the International Centre for Humanitarian Demining, the Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces and the Geneva Centre for Security Policy, as well as other organisations active in the field of peace, international affairs and sustainable development.

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