40 Facts About IOC


IOC is the governing body of the National Olympic Committees and of the worldwide "Olympic Movement", the IOC's term for all entities and individuals involved in the Olympic Games.

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Since 2002, the IOC has been involved in several high-profile controversies including taking gifts, its DMCA take down request of the 2008 Tibetan protest videos, Russian doping scandals, and its support of the Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics despite China's human rights violations documented in the Xinjiang Papers.

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IOC was created by Pierre de Coubertin, on 23 June 1894 with Demetrios Vikelas as its first president.

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The IOC is the supreme authority of the worldwide modern Olympic Movement.

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The decision enables the IOC to be directly involved in the UN Agenda and to attend UN General Assembly meetings where it can take the floor.

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IOC received approval in November 2015 to construct a new headquarters in Vidy, Lausanne.

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The IOC announced on 11 February 2019 that "Olympic House" would be inaugurated on 23 June 2019 to coincide with its 125th anniversary.

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IOC Session is the general meeting of the members of the IOC, held once a year in which each member has one vote.

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Brundage's resistance to this revenue stream meant the IOC left organising committees to negotiate their own sponsorship contracts and use the Olympic symbols.

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In 1982 the IOC drafted International Sport and Leisure, a Swiss sports marketing company, to develop a global marketing programme for the Olympic Movement.

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In 1989, one of the staff members at ISL Marketing, Michael Payne, moved to the IOC and became the organisation's first marketing director.

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IOC provides TOP programme contributions and Olympic broadcast revenue to the OCOGs to support the staging of the Summer Olympic Games and the Winter Olympic Games:.

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The IOC contributes Olympic broadcast revenue to Olympic Solidarity, an IOC organisation that provides financial support to NOCs with the greatest need.

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The continued success of the TOP programme and Olympic broadcast agreements has enabled the IOC to provide increased support for the NOCs with each Olympic quadrennium.

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IOC is the largest single revenue source for the majority of IFs, with its contributions of Olympic broadcast revenue that assist the IFs in the development of their respective sports worldwide.

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The IOC provides financial support from Olympic broadcast revenue to the 28 IFs of Olympic summer sports and the seven IFs of Olympic winter sports after the completion of the Summer Olympics and the Winter Olympics.

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The continually increasing value of Olympic broadcast partnership has enabled the IOC to deliver substantially increased financial support to the IFs with each successive Games.

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IOC contributes Olympic marketing revenue to the programmes of various recognised international sports organisations, including the International Paralympic Committee, and the World Anti-Doping Agency.

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IOC recognises that the Olympic Games demand substantial environmental resources, activities, and construction projects that could be detrimental to a host city's environment.

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The IOC requires cities bidding to host the Olympics to provide a comprehensive strategy to protect the environment in preparation for hosting, and following the conclusion of the Games.

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IOC has four major approaches to addressing environmental health concerns during the construction and competitions of the Olympic Games.

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Fourthly, the IOC has every host city collaborate with the United Nations to work towards addressing environmental health objectives.

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Ultimately, the IOC uses these four approaches in an attempt to minimize the negative environmental health concerns of a host city.

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Pierre de Coubertin, founder of the IOC, was influenced by the ethos of the aristocracy as exemplified in the English public schools.

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Nevertheless, the IOC held to the traditional rules regarding amateurism.

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Soon four independent investigations were underway: by the IOC, the United States Olympic Committee, the SLOC, and the United States Department of Justice.

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The precise figures are unknown since Nagano, after the IOC asked that the entertainment expenditures not be made public as they destroyed the financial records.

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In 2000, international human rights groups attempted to pressure the IOC to reject Beijing's bid in protest of the state of human rights in the People's Republic of China.

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One Chinese dissident who expressed similar sentiments was arrested and sentenced to two years in prison for calling on the IOC to do just that at the same time that IOC inspectors were touring the city.

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Some days before the Opening Ceremonies, in August 2008, the IOC issued DMCA take down notices on Tibetan Protests videos on YouTube.

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In February 2013, the IOC did not include wrestling as one of its core Olympic sports for the Summer Olympic programme for the 2020 Summer Olympics, after an Olympic Program revision and the fact that there were political interferences in the International Federation and that the sport did not fit into the concept of equal opportunities for men and women.

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The IOC rejected the recommendation, stating that a separate decision would be made for each athlete by the relevant IF and the IOC, based on the athlete's individual circumstances.

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On 5 December 2017, the IOC announced that the Russian Olympic Committee had been suspended effective immediately from the 2018 Winter Olympics.

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Hugo Lowell at the i newspaper, meanwhile, reported that the IOC nonetheless stopped short of a total ban against Russia from the Games.

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On 1 February 2018, the Court of Arbitration for Sport found that the IOC provided insufficient evidence for 28 athletes, and overturned their IOC sanctions.

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The IOC found it important to note that the CAS Secretary General "insisted that the CAS decision does not mean that these 28 athletes are innocent" and that they would consider an appeal against the court's decision.

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IOC was harshly criticized for their handling of the Russian doping scandal.

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The IOC responded to concerns by saying that the Olympic Games must not be politicized.

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In September 2021, the IOC suspended the North Korea National Olympic Committee, after they boycott the 2020 Summer Olympics claiming "COVID-19 Concerns".

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In December 2021, the United States House of Representatives voted unanimously for a resolution stating that the IOC had violated its own human rights commitments by cooperating with the Chinese government.

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