17 Facts About Olympic sports


Olympic sports are contested in the Summer Olympic Games and Winter Olympic Games.

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Each Olympic sports sport is represented by an international governing body, namely an International Federation .

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International Olympic Committee establishes a hierarchy of sports, disciplines, and events.

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Previous Olympic Games included sports that are no longer included in the current program, such as polo and tug of war.

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Skating is a winter Olympic sports sport represented by the International Skating Union, and includes four disciplines: figure skating, speed skating, short track speed skating, and synchronized skating .

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The sport with the largest number of Olympic sports disciplines is skiing, with six: alpine skiing, cross-country skiing, ski jumping, Nordic combined, snowboarding, and freestyle skiing.

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List of Olympic sports has changed considerably during the course of Olympic history, and has gradually increased over time.

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Only summer sports that have never been absent from the Olympic program are athletics, aquatics, cycling, fencing, and gymnastics .

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Part of the story of the founding of aviation Olympic sports' international governing body, the FAI, originated from an IOC meeting in Brussels, Belgium on 10 June 1905.

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Previous Olympic Games included sports which are no longer present on the current program, like polo and tug of war.

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On 21 February 2019, the Paris Organising Committee announced they would propose the inclusion of breakdancing, as well as skateboarding, sport climbing, and surfing—three sports which debuted at the then-upcoming 2020 Summer Olympics as optional sports.

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All four Olympic sports were approved during the 134th IOC Session in Lausanne, Switzerland on 24 June 2019.

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At the 121st IOC Session in Copenhagen on 9 October 2009, the IOC voted to reinstate both golf and rugby to the Olympic program, meaning that the number of sports to be contested in 2016 was 28.

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Summer Olympic sports are divided into categories based on popularity, gauged by: television viewers, internet popularity, public surveys, ticket requests, press coverage, and number of national federations .

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Category A represents the most popular sports; category E lists either the sports that are the least popular or that are new to the Olympics .

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The number of sports contested at the Winter Olympics has since been decreased to seven, comprising a total of fifteen disciplines.

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Many sports are not contested at the Olympics although their governing bodies are recognized by the IOC.

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