22 Facts About African slaves


Many communities had hierarchies between different types of African slaves: for example, differentiating between those who had been born into slavery and those who had been captured through war.

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Children of African slaves born into families could be integrated into the master's kinship group and rise to prominent positions within society, even to the level of chief in some instances.

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Domestic African slaves could be considered part of the master's household and would not be sold to others without extreme cause.

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However, kinship structures and rights provided to African slaves appears to have limited the scope of slave trading before the start of the trans-Saharan slave trade, Indian Ocean slave trade and the Atlantic slave trade.

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However, to extrapolate his numbers, Davis assumes the number of European African slaves captured by Barbary pirates were constant for a 250-year period, stating:.

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Davis' numbers have been disputed by other historians, such as David Earle, who cautions that the true picture of European African slaves is clouded by the fact the corsairs seized non-Christian whites from eastern Europe and black people from West Africa.

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In Somali territories, African slaves were purchased in the slave market exclusively to do work on plantation grounds.

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In terms of legal considerations, the customs regarding the treatment of Bantu African slaves were established by the decree of Sultans and local administrative delegates.

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Additionally, freedom for these plantation African slaves was often acquired through eventual emancipation, escape, and ransom.

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The domestic and agricultural labour became more evidently primary in Western Africa due to African slaves being regarded as these "political tools" of access and status.

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African monarchs sent their children along these same slave routes to be educated in Europe, and thousands of former slaves eventually returned to settle Liberia and Sierra Leone.

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The Garamentes relied heavily on labour from sub-Saharan Africa, in the shape of African slaves, they used African slaves in their own communities to construct and maintain underground irrigation systems known to Berbers as foggara.

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Black African slaves seem to have been valued in the Mediterranean as household African slaves for their exotic appearance.

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Cosmas Indicopleustes wrote in his Christian Topography that African slaves captured in Ethiopia would be imported into Byzantine Egypt via the Red Sea.

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African slaves mentioned the import of eunuchs by the Byzantines from Mesopotamia and India.

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Between 1500 and 1900, up to 17 million Africans slaves were transported by Muslim traders to the coast of the Indian Ocean, the Middle East, and North Africa.

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For example, some 4000 African slaves were used to build the Colombo fortress in Dutch Ceylon.

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Male African slaves were used for more physical agricultural labour, but as more enslaved men were taken to the West Coast and across the Atlantic to the New World, female African slaves were increasingly used for physical and agricultural labour and polygyny increased.

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The increase of demand for slaves due to the expansion of European colonial powers to the New World made the slave trade much more lucrative to the West African powers, leading to the establishment of a number of actual West African empires thriving on slave trade.

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African slaves argues that the African economic model of the period was very different from the European, and could not sustain such population losses.

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African slaves argues that the enslavement of Africans was an essential element to the Industrial Revolution, and that European wealth was, in part, a result of slavery, but that by the time of its abolition it had lost its profitability and it was in the economic interest of various European governments to ban it.

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African slaves says that it constituted the destruction of culture, language, religion and human possibility.

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