29 Facts About Liberia


Liberia, officially the Republic of Liberia, is a country on the West African coast.

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Liberia began in the early 19th century as a project of the American Colonization Society, which believed black people would face better chances for freedom and prosperity in Africa than in the United States.

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Liberia was the first African republic to proclaim its independence and is Africa's first and oldest modern republic.

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President William Tubman encouraged economic and political changes that heightened the country's prosperity and international profile; Liberia was a founding member of the League of Nations, United Nations, and the Organisation of African Unity.

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Liberia struggled to attract investment to develop infrastructure and a larger, industrial economy.

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Subsequently, it was one of 32 nations to take part in the Versailles Peace Conference in 1919, which ended the war and established the League of Nations; Liberia was among the few African and non-Western nations to participate in both the conference and the founding of the League.

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Under Taylor's leadership, Liberia became internationally known as a pariah state due to its use of blood diamonds and illegal timber exports to fund the Revolutionary United Front in the Sierra Leone Civil War.

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In March 2003, a second rebel group, Movement for Democracy in Liberia, began launching attacks against Taylor from the southeast.

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Liberia is situated in West Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean to the country's southwest.

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Liberia's watershed tends to move in a southwestern pattern towards the sea as new rains move down the forested plateau off the inland mountain range of Guinee Forestiere, in Guinea.

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Liberia has been an active participant in international and local policy changes related to climate change.

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Liberia possesses about forty percent of the remaining Upper Guinean rainforest.

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Liberia is a global biodiversity hotspot—a significant reservoir of biodiversity that is under threat from humans.

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Species hunted for food in Liberia include elephants, pygmy hippopotamus, chimpanzees, leopards, duikers, and other monkeys.

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Liberia is divided into fifteen counties, which, in turn, are subdivided into a total of 90 districts and further subdivided into clans.

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Government of Liberia, modeled on the government of the United States, is a unitary constitutional republic and representative democracy as established by the Constitution.

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Liberia gained observer status with the World Trade Organization in 2010 and became an official member in 2016.

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Liberia has the highest ratio of foreign direct investment to GDP in the world, with US$16 billion in investment since 2006.

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Agriculture in Liberia is a major sector of the country's economy worth 38.

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Liberia has a climate favourable to farming, vast forests, and an abundance of water, yet low yields mean that over half of foodstuffs are imported, with net agricultural trade at -$73.

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Mining industry of Liberia has witnessed a revival after the civil war which ended in 2003.

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In 2013, Liberia began importing power from neighboring Ivory Coast and Guinea through the West African Power Pool.

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Thirty-one indigenous languages are spoken in Liberia, but each is a first language for only a small percentage of the population.

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Hospitals in Liberia include the John F Kennedy Medical Center in Monrovia and several others.

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In early August 2014 Guinea closed its borders to Liberia to help contain the spread of the virus, as more new cases were being reported in Liberia than in Guinea.

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Liberia has a rich history in textile arts and quilting, as the settlers brought with them their sewing and quilting skills.

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Liberia hosted National Fairs in 1857 and 1858 in which prizes were awarded for various needle arts.

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Liberia has a tradition of baking imported from the United States that is unique in West Africa.

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Liberia has not yet completely adopted the International System of Units .

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