101 Facts About John F Kennedy

1. John F Kennedy was the youngest person to assume the presidency by election.

FactSnippet No. 92,997 - en.wikipedia.org

2. John F Kennedy served at the height of the Cold War, and the majority of his work as president concerned relations with the Soviet Union and Cuba.

FactSnippet No. 92,998 - en.wikipedia.org

3. John F Kennedy was elected to the US Senate and served as the junior senator for Massachusetts from 1953 to 1960.

FactSnippet No. 92,999 - en.wikipedia.org

4. John F Kennedy rejected Operation Northwoods in March 1962, but his administration continued to plan for an invasion of Cuba in the summer of 1962.

FactSnippet No. 93,000 - en.wikipedia.org

5. John F Kennedy signed the first nuclear weapons treaty in October 1963.

FactSnippet No. 93,001 - en.wikipedia.org

6. John F Kennedy presided over the establishment of the Peace Corps, Alliance for Progress with Latin America, and the continuation of the Apollo program with the goal of landing a man on the Moon before 1970.

FactSnippet No. 93,002 - en.wikipedia.org

7. John F Kennedy supported the civil rights movement but was only somewhat successful in passing his New Frontier domestic policies.

FactSnippet No. 93,003 - en.wikipedia.org

8. John F Kennedy is the most recent US president to have died in office.

FactSnippet No. 93,004 - en.wikipedia.org

9. John F Kennedy lived in Brookline for the first ten years of his life.

FactSnippet No. 93,005 - en.wikipedia.org

10. John F Kennedy attended the local St Aidan's Church, where he was baptized on June 19, 1917.

FactSnippet No. 93,006 - en.wikipedia.org

11. Young John F Kennedy attended the Riverdale Country School – a private school for boys – from 5th to 7th grade, and was a member of Boy Scout Troop 2 in Bronxville, New York.

FactSnippet No. 93,007 - en.wikipedia.org

12. In September 1931, John F Kennedy started attending Choate School, a prestigious preparatory boarding school in Wallingford, Connecticut.

FactSnippet No. 93,008 - en.wikipedia.org

13. Defiantly John F Kennedy took a cue and named his group "The Muckers Club", which included roommate and lifelong friend Kirk LeMoyne "Lem" Billings.

FactSnippet No. 93,009 - en.wikipedia.org

14. In September 1935, John F Kennedy made his first trip abroad when he traveled to London with his parents and his sister Kathleen.

FactSnippet No. 93,010 - en.wikipedia.org

15. John F Kennedy intended to study under Harold Laski at the London School of Economics, as his older brother had done.

FactSnippet No. 93,011 - en.wikipedia.org

16. John F Kennedy convalesced further at the family winter home in Palm Beach, then spent the spring of 1936 working as a ranch hand on the 40,000-acre Jay Six cattle ranch outside Benson, Arizona.

FactSnippet No. 93,012 - en.wikipedia.org

17. John F Kennedy tried out for the football, golf, and swimming teams and earned a spot on the varsity swimming team.

FactSnippet No. 93,013 - en.wikipedia.org

18. John F Kennedy sailed in the Star class and won the 1936 Nantucket Sound Star Championship.

FactSnippet No. 93,014 - en.wikipedia.org

19. In July 1937, John F Kennedy sailed to France—taking his convertible—and spent ten weeks driving through Europe with Billings.

FactSnippet No. 93,015 - en.wikipedia.org

20. In 1939, John F Kennedy toured Europe, the Soviet Union, the Balkans, and the Middle East in preparation for his Harvard senior honors thesis.

FactSnippet No. 93,016 - en.wikipedia.org

21. John F Kennedy made the dean's list in his junior year.

FactSnippet No. 93,017 - en.wikipedia.org

22. In 1940 John F Kennedy completed his thesis, "Appeasement in Munich", about British negotiations during the Munich Agreement.

FactSnippet No. 93,018 - en.wikipedia.org

23. John F Kennedy became increasingly supportive of US intervention in World War II, and his father's isolationist beliefs resulted in the latter's dismissal as ambassador to the United Kingdom.

FactSnippet No. 93,019 - en.wikipedia.org

24. John F Kennedy planned to attend Yale Law School after auditing courses on business law at Stanford, but canceled when American entry into World War II seemed imminent.

FactSnippet No. 93,020 - en.wikipedia.org

25. In 1940, John F Kennedy attempted to enter the army's Officer Candidate School.

FactSnippet No. 93,021 - en.wikipedia.org

26. John F Kennedy was commissioned an ensign on October 26, 1941, and joined the staff of the Office of Naval Intelligence in Washington, DC.

FactSnippet No. 93,022 - en.wikipedia.org

27. In January 1942, John F Kennedy was assigned to the ONI field office at Headquarters, Sixth Naval District, in Charleston, South Carolina.

FactSnippet No. 93,023 - en.wikipedia.org

28. Ambling around the plots near the tiny St Columba's chapel, John F Kennedy paused over Koehler's white granite cross grave marker and pondered his own mortality, hoping out loud that when his time came, he would not have to die without religion.

FactSnippet No. 93,024 - en.wikipedia.org

29. John F Kennedy gathered around the wreckage his surviving ten crew members to vote on whether to "fight or surrender".

FactSnippet No. 93,025 - en.wikipedia.org

30. On October 8, 1943, John F Kennedy was promoted to full lieutenant.

FactSnippet No. 93,026 - en.wikipedia.org

31. John F Kennedy was hospitalized at the Chelsea Naval Hospital in Chelsea, Massachusetts from May to December 1944.

FactSnippet No. 93,027 - en.wikipedia.org

32. On March 1, 1945, John F Kennedy retired from the Navy Reserve on physical disability and was honorably discharged with the full rank of lieutenant.

FactSnippet No. 93,028 - en.wikipedia.org

33. John F Kennedy established his residency at an apartment building on 122 Bowdoin Street across from the Massachusetts State House.

FactSnippet No. 93,029 - en.wikipedia.org

34. At the start of his first term, John F Kennedy focused on Massachusetts-specific issues by sponsoring bills to help the fishing, textile manufacturing, and watchmaking industries.

FactSnippet No. 93,030 - en.wikipedia.org

35. At the 1956 Democratic National Convention, John F Kennedy gave the nominating speech for the party's presidential nominee, Adlai Stevenson II.

FactSnippet No. 93,031 - en.wikipedia.org

36. John F Kennedy finished second in the balloting, losing to Senator Estes Kefauver of Tennessee but receiving national exposure as a result.

FactSnippet No. 93,032 - en.wikipedia.org

37. John F Kennedy voted for Title IV, termed the "Jury Trial Amendment".

FactSnippet No. 93,033 - en.wikipedia.org

38. John F Kennedy proposed on July 2, 1957, that the US support Algeria's effort to gain independence from France.

FactSnippet No. 93,034 - en.wikipedia.org

39. On September 3, 1959, John F Kennedy cosponsored the Cape Cod National Seashore bill with his Republican colleague Senator Leverett Saltonstall.

FactSnippet No. 93,035 - en.wikipedia.org

40. Additionally, Bobby John F Kennedy worked for McCarthy's subcommittee, and McCarthy dated John F Kennedy's sister Patricia.

FactSnippet No. 93,036 - en.wikipedia.org

41. On January 2, 1960, John F Kennedy announced his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination.

FactSnippet No. 93,037 - en.wikipedia.org

42. John F Kennedy traveled extensively to build his support among Democratic elites and voters.

FactSnippet No. 93,038 - en.wikipedia.org

43. John F Kennedy won the West Virginia primary, impressing many in the party, but at the start of the 1960 Democratic National Convention, it was unclear as to whether he would win the nomination.

FactSnippet No. 93,039 - en.wikipedia.org

44. Conversely, John F Kennedy wore makeup and appeared relaxed, which helped the large television audience to view him as the winner.

FactSnippet No. 93,040 - en.wikipedia.org

45. On Election Day, John F Kennedy defeated Nixon in one of the closest presidential elections of the 20th century.

FactSnippet No. 93,041 - en.wikipedia.org

46. John F Kennedy was sworn in as the 35th president at noon on January 20, 1961.

FactSnippet No. 93,042 - en.wikipedia.org

47. John F Kennedy brought to the White House a contrast in organization compared to the decision-making structure of former General Eisenhower, and he wasted no time in scrapping Eisenhower's methods.

FactSnippet No. 93,043 - en.wikipedia.org

48. John F Kennedy was ready and willing to make the increased number of quick decisions required in such an environment.

FactSnippet No. 93,044 - en.wikipedia.org

49. John F Kennedy selected a mixture of experienced and inexperienced people to serve in his cabinet.

FactSnippet No. 93,045 - en.wikipedia.org

50. John F Kennedy focused on immediate and specific issues facing the administration and quickly voiced his impatience with pondering deeper meanings.

FactSnippet No. 93,046 - en.wikipedia.org

51. John F Kennedy approved Defense Secretary Robert McNamara's controversial decision to award the contract for the F-111 TFX fighter-bomber to General Dynamics (the choice of the civilian Defense department) over Boeing (the choice of the military).

FactSnippet No. 93,047 - en.wikipedia.org

52. John F Kennedy started off on the wrong foot by reacting aggressively to a routine Khrushchev speech on Cold War confrontation in early 1961.

FactSnippet No. 93,048 - en.wikipedia.org

53. The speech was intended for domestic audiences in the Soviet Union, but John F Kennedy interpreted it as a personal challenge.

FactSnippet No. 93,049 - en.wikipedia.org

54. John F Kennedy picked up on this in his speech in Paris, saying that he would be remembered as "the man who accompanied Jackie John F Kennedy to Paris".

FactSnippet No. 93,050 - en.wikipedia.org

55. John F Kennedy began intensive meetings on the Berlin issue, where Dean Acheson took the lead in recommending a military buildup alongside NATO allies.

FactSnippet No. 93,051 - en.wikipedia.org

56. John F Kennedy gave a speech at Saint Anselm College on May 5, 1960, regarding America's conduct in the emerging Cold War.

FactSnippet No. 93,052 - en.wikipedia.org

57. Biographer Richard Reeves said that John F Kennedy focused primarily on the political repercussions of the plan rather than military considerations.

FactSnippet No. 93,053 - en.wikipedia.org

58. John F Kennedy took responsibility for the failure, saying, "We got a big kick in the leg and we deserved it.

FactSnippet No. 93,054 - en.wikipedia.org

59. In March 1962, John F Kennedy rejected Operation Northwoods, proposals for false flag attacks against American military and civilian targets, and blaming them on the Cuban government in order to gain approval for a war against Cuba.

FactSnippet No. 93,055 - en.wikipedia.org

60. John F Kennedy faced a dilemma: if the US attacked the sites, it might lead to nuclear war with the USS.

FactSnippet No. 93,056 - en.wikipedia.org

61. In concurrence with a majority-vote of the NSC, John F Kennedy decided on a naval quarantine.

FactSnippet No. 93,057 - en.wikipedia.org

62. John F Kennedy exchanged two sets of letters with Khrushchev, to no avail.

FactSnippet No. 93,058 - en.wikipedia.org

63. John F Kennedy worked closely with Puerto Rican Governor Luis Munoz Marin for the development of the Alliance of Progress and began working to further Puerto Rico's autonomy.

FactSnippet No. 93,059 - en.wikipedia.org

64. When John F Kennedy took office, he privately instructed the CIA that any plan must include plausible deniability by the US His public position was in opposition.

FactSnippet No. 93,060 - en.wikipedia.org

65. In March 1961, John F Kennedy voiced a change in policy from supporting a "free" Laos to a "neutral" Laos, indicating privately that Vietnam, and not Laos, should be deemed America's tripwire for communism's spread in the area.

FactSnippet No. 93,061 - en.wikipedia.org

66. John F Kennedy announced a change of policy from support to partnership with Diem to defeat of communism in South Vietnam.

FactSnippet No. 93,062 - en.wikipedia.org

67. John F Kennedy increased the number of military advisers and special forces in the area, from 11,000 in 1962 to 16,000 by late 1963, but he was reluctant to order a full-scale deployment of troops.

FactSnippet No. 93,063 - en.wikipedia.org

68. In late 1961, John F Kennedy sent Roger Hilsman, then director of the State Department's Bureau of Intelligence and Research, to assess the situation in Vietnam.

FactSnippet No. 93,064 - en.wikipedia.org

69. John F Kennedy instructed Lodge to offer covert assistance to the coup, excluding assassination.

FactSnippet No. 93,065 - en.wikipedia.org

70. Such an action would have been a policy reversal, but John F Kennedy was publicly moving in a less hawkish direction since his speech on world peace at American University on June 10, 1963.

FactSnippet No. 93,066 - en.wikipedia.org

71. John F Kennedy reiterated the American commitment to Germany and criticized communism, and was met with an ecstatic response from a massive audience.

FactSnippet No. 93,067 - en.wikipedia.org

72. John F Kennedy ended the arms embargo that the Eisenhower and Truman administrations had enforced on Israel.

FactSnippet No. 93,068 - en.wikipedia.org

73. The US Senate ratified this and John F Kennedy signed it into law in October 1963.

FactSnippet No. 93,069 - en.wikipedia.org

74. John F Kennedy promised an end to racial discrimination, although his agenda, which included the endorsement of the Voter Education Project in 1962, produced little progress in areas such as Mississippi, where the "VEP concluded that discrimination was so entrenched".

FactSnippet No. 93,070 - en.wikipedia.org

75. Attorney General Robert John F Kennedy took the position that steel executives had illegally colluded to fix prices.

FactSnippet No. 93,071 - en.wikipedia.org

76. Robert John F Kennedy called Georgia governor Ernest Vandiver and obtained King's release from prison, which drew additional black support to his brother's candidacy.

FactSnippet No. 93,072 - en.wikipedia.org

77. John F Kennedy assigned federal marshals to protect the Freedom Riders rather than using federal troops or uncooperative FBI agents.

FactSnippet No. 93,073 - en.wikipedia.org

78. John F Kennedy feared sending federal troops would stir up "hated memories of Reconstruction" after the Civil War among conservative Southern whites.

FactSnippet No. 93,074 - en.wikipedia.org

79. On March 6, 1961, John F Kennedy signed Executive Order 10925, which required government contractors to "take affirmative action to ensure that applicants are employed and that employees are treated during employment without regard to their race, creed, color, or national origin".

FactSnippet No. 93,075 - en.wikipedia.org

80. Meredith did finally enroll for a class, and John F Kennedy regretted not sending in troops earlier.

FactSnippet No. 93,076 - en.wikipedia.org

81. On November 20, 1962, John F Kennedy signed Executive Order 11063, which prohibited racial discrimination in federally supported housing or "related facilities".

FactSnippet No. 93,077 - en.wikipedia.org

82. On June 11, 1963, President John F Kennedy intervened when Alabama Governor George Wallace blocked the doorway to the University of Alabama to stop two African American students, Vivian Malone and James Hood, from attending.

FactSnippet No. 93,078 - en.wikipedia.org

83. That evening John F Kennedy gave his famous Report to the American People on Civil Rights on national television and radio, launching his initiative for civil rights legislation—to provide equal access to public schools and other facilities, and greater protection of voting rights.

FactSnippet No. 93,079 - en.wikipedia.org

84. John F Kennedy turned over some of the details of the government's involvement to the Dept.

FactSnippet No. 93,080 - en.wikipedia.org

85. John F Kennedy watched King's speech on TV and was very impressed.

FactSnippet No. 93,081 - en.wikipedia.org

86. John F Kennedy saw this proposal as an extension of his planned civil rights agenda as president.

FactSnippet No. 93,082 - en.wikipedia.org

87. John F Kennedy expressed concern about the plight of the Seneca and directed government agencies to assist in obtaining more land, damages, and assistance to help mitigate their displacement.

FactSnippet No. 93,083 - en.wikipedia.org

88. In constructing his presidential administration, John F Kennedy elected to retain Eisenhower's last science advisor Jerome Wiesner as head of the President's Science Advisory Committee.

FactSnippet No. 93,084 - en.wikipedia.org

89. On November 21, 1962, in a cabinet meeting with NASA administrator Webb and other officials, John F Kennedy explained that the Moon shot was important for reasons of international prestige, and that the expense was justified.

FactSnippet No. 93,085 - en.wikipedia.org

90. John F Kennedy was in Texas on a political trip to smooth over frictions in the Democratic Party between liberals Ralph Yarborough and Don Yarborough and conservative John Connally.

FactSnippet No. 93,086 - en.wikipedia.org

91. On March 14, 1967, John F Kennedy's remains were disinterred and moved only a few feet away to a permanent burial plot and memorial.

FactSnippet No. 93,087 - en.wikipedia.org

92. John F Kennedy was greatly impressed by the Irish Cadets on his last official visit to Ireland, so much so that Jacqueline John F Kennedy requested the Irish Army to be the honor guard at her husband's funeral.

FactSnippet No. 93,088 - en.wikipedia.org

93. John F Kennedy was a life member of the National Rifle Association.

FactSnippet No. 93,089 - en.wikipedia.org

94. John F Kennedy met his future wife, Jacqueline Lee "Jackie" Bouvier, when he was a congressman.

FactSnippet No. 93,090 - en.wikipedia.org

95. Mrs John F Kennedy brought new art and furniture to the White House and directed its restoration.

FactSnippet No. 93,091 - en.wikipedia.org

96. Three months prior to his third birthday, in 1920, John F Kennedy came down with scarlet fever, a highly contagious and life-threatening disease, and was admitted to Boston City Hospital.

FactSnippet No. 93,092 - en.wikipedia.org

97. John F Kennedy suffered from chronic and severe back pain, for which he had surgery.

FactSnippet No. 93,093 - en.wikipedia.org

98. John F Kennedy inspired affection and loyalty from the members of his team and his supporters.

FactSnippet No. 93,094 - en.wikipedia.org

99. On September 2, 1963, John F Kennedy helped inaugurate network television's first half-hour nightly evening newscast according to an interview with CBS Evening News anchor Walter Cronkite.

FactSnippet No. 93,095 - en.wikipedia.org

100. Many vividly remember where they were when they first learned the news that John F Kennedy was assassinated, as with the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, before it and the September 11 attacks after it.

FactSnippet No. 93,096 - en.wikipedia.org

101. John F Kennedy was posthumously awarded the Pacem in Terris Award.

FactSnippet No. 93,097 - en.wikipedia.org