58 Facts About Connecticut


The word "Connecticut" is derived from various anglicized spellings of "Quononoquett", a Mohegan-Pequot word for "long tidal river".

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Half of Connecticut was initially claimed by the Dutch colony New Netherland, which included much of the land between the Connecticut and Delaware Rivers, although the first major settlements were established in the 1630s by the English.

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Connecticut was one of the Thirteen Colonies which rejected British rule in the American Revolution.

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Connecticut is the third smallest state by area, the 29th most populous, and the fourth most densely populated of the fifty states.

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Name Connecticut is derived from the Mohegan-Pequot word that has been translated as "long tidal river" and "upon the long river", both referring to the Connecticut River.

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The Connecticut region was inhabited by multiple Native American tribes which can be grouped into the Nipmuc, the Sequin or "River Indians", the Mattabesec or "Wappinger Confederacy" and the Pequot-Mohegan.

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Some of these groups still reside in Connecticut, including the Mohegans, the Pequots, and the Paugusetts.

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Connecticut Colony was originally a number of separate, smaller settlements at Windsor, Wethersfield, Saybrook, Hartford, and New Haven.

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Connecticut took its grant seriously and established a ninth county between the Susquehanna River and Delaware River named Westmoreland County.

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Connecticut designated four delegates to the Second Continental Congress who signed the Declaration of Independence: Samuel Huntington, Roger Sherman, William Williams, and Oliver Wolcott.

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Connecticut's legislature authorized the outfitting of six new regiments in 1775, in the wake of the clashes between British regulars and Massachusetts militia at Lexington and Concord.

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In 1786, Connecticut ceded territory to the U S government that became part of the Northwest Territory.

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Connecticut made agreements with Pennsylvania and New York which extinguished the land claims within those states' boundaries and created the Connecticut Panhandle.

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Connecticut came to be recognized as a major center for manufacturing, due in part to the inventions of Eli Whitney and other early innovators of the Industrial Revolution.

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Connecticut had been governed under the "Fundamental Orders" since 1639, but the state adopted a new constitution in 1818.

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Connecticut manufacturers played a major role in supplying the Union forces with weapons and supplies during the Civil War.

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Connecticut casualties included 2, 088 killed in combat, 2, 801 dying from disease, and 689 dying in Confederate prison camps.

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Connecticut was an important U S Navy supplier, with Electric Boat receiving orders for 85 submarines, Lake Torpedo Boat building more than 20 subs, and the Groton Iron Works building freighters.

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Connecticut lost some wartime factories following the end of hostilities, but the state shared in a general post-war expansion that included the construction of highways and resulting in middle-class growth in suburban areas.

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In 1965, Connecticut ratified its current constitution, replacing the document that had served since 1818.

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In 1974, Connecticut elected Democratic Governor Ella T Grasso, who became the first woman in any state to be elected governor without being the wife or widow of a previous governor.

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Connecticut did not run for a second term, in part because of this politically unpopular move.

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In 1992, initial construction was completed on Foxwoods Casino at the Mashantucket Pequots reservation in eastern Connecticut, which became the largest casino in the Western Hemisphere.

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Connecticut was hit by three major storms in just over 14 months in 2011 and 2012, with all three causing extensive property damage and electric outages.

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Connecticut is bordered on the south by Long Island Sound, on the west by New York, on the north by Massachusetts, and on the east by Rhode Island.

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Highest peak in Connecticut is Bear Mountain in Salisbury in the northwest corner of the state.

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Connecticut has a long maritime history and a reputation based on that history—yet the state has no direct oceanfront.

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The coast of Connecticut sits on Long Island Sound, which is an estuary.

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Many of the areas in southern and coastal Connecticut have been built up and rebuilt over the years, and look less visually like traditional New England.

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Connecticut has 4 well defined seasons, though major changes in temperature from day to day are common.

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Connecticut has one native cactus, found in sandy coastal areas and low hillsides.

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Coastal Connecticut is the broad transition zone where more southern and subtropical plants are cultivated.

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Connecticut is home to New England's largest Protestant church: The First Cathedral in Bloomfield, Connecticut, located in Hartford County.

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All wages of Connecticut residents are subject to the state's income tax, even if earned outside the state.

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In 2001, Connecticut instituted what became an annual sales tax "holiday" each August lasting one week, when retailers do not have to remit sales tax on certain items and quantities of clothing that has varied from year to year.

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Connecticut had the seventh highest rate of home foreclosure activity in the country in 2019 at 0.

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Connecticut's economy uses less energy to produce each dollar of GDP than all other states except California, Massachusetts, and New York.

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The other major highways in Connecticut are the Merritt Parkway and Wilbur Cross Parkway, which together form Connecticut Route 15, traveling from the Hutchinson River Parkway in New York parallel to I-95 before turning north of New Haven and traveling parallel to I-91, finally becoming a surface road in Berlin.

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Connecticut has a very active bicycling community, with one of the highest rates of bicycle ownership and use in the United States, particularly in New Haven.

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Southwestern Connecticut is served by the Metro-North Railroad's New Haven Line, operated by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority.

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Statewide bus service is supplied by Connecticut Transit, owned by the Connecticut Department of Transportation, with smaller municipal authorities providing local service.

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Connecticut Transit operates CTfastrak, a bus rapid transit service between New Britain and Hartford.

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Many residents of central and southern Connecticut make heavy use of JFK International Airport and Newark International Airports, especially for international travel.

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Variations of the bicameral legislature had been proposed by Virginia and New Jersey, but Connecticut's plan was the one that was in effect until the early 20th century, when Senators ceased to be selected by their state legislatures and were instead directly elected.

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The State of Connecticut government has operated under the direction of four separate documents in the course of the state's constitutional history.

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Connecticut has five representatives in the U S House, all of whom are Democrats.

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However, the State of Connecticut provides statewide ordinances for noise control as well.

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The Connecticut Appellate Court is a lesser statewide court, and the Superior Courts are lower courts that resemble county courts of other states.

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Connecticut allows electoral fusion, where the same candidate can run on the ballot of more than one political party; this is often used by the Connecticut Working Families Party to cross-endorse Democratic candidates.

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In July 2009, the Connecticut legislature overrode a veto by Governor M Jodi Rell to pass SustiNet, the first significant public-option health care reform legislation in the nation.

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Connecticut ranked third in the nation for educational performance, according to Education Week's Quality Counts 2018 report.

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Connecticut posted a B-plus in the Chance-for-Success category, ranking fourth on factors that contribute to a person's success both within and outside the K-12 education system.

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Connecticut received a mark of B-plus and finished fourth for School Finance.

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Connecticut was home to the nation's first law school, Litchfield Law School, which operated from 1773 to 1833 in Litchfield.

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Connecticut Huskies are the team of the University of Connecticut; they play NCAA Division I sports.

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Name "Connecticut" originated with the Mohegan word quonehtacut, meaning "place of long tidal river".

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Connecticut is unofficially known as "The Nutmeg State", whose origin is unknown.

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Commemorative stamps issued by the United States Postal Service with Connecticut themes include Nathan Hale, Eugene O'Neill, Josiah Willard Gibbs, Noah Webster, Eli Whitney, the whaling ship the Charles W Morgan, which is docked at Mystic Seaport, and a decoy of a broadbill duck.

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