20 Facts About New Netherland


New Netherland was a 17th-century colonial province of the Dutch Republic that was located on the east coast of what is the United States.

FactSnippet No. 1,265,797

Inhabitants of New Netherland were European colonists, Native Americans, and Africans imported as slave laborers.

FactSnippet No. 1,265,798

New Netherland was turned back by the ice of the Arctic in his second attempt, so he sailed west to seek a Northwest Passage rather than return home.

FactSnippet No. 1,265,799

New Netherland ended up exploring the waters off the east coast of America aboard the Flyboat Halve Maen.

FactSnippet No. 1,265,800

New Netherland discovered Delaware Bay and began to sail upriver looking for the passage.

FactSnippet No. 1,265,801

New Netherland found the water too shallow to proceed several days later at the site of Troy, New York.

FactSnippet No. 1,265,802

New Netherland's report was first published in 1611 by Emanuel Van Meteren, the Dutch Consul at London.

FactSnippet No. 1,265,803

New Netherland was the first recorded non-native inhabitant of New York City.

FactSnippet No. 1,265,804

New Netherland Company ordered a survey of the Delaware Valley, and Cornelis Hendricksz of Monnickendam explored the Zuyd Rivier in 1616 from its bay to its northernmost navigable reaches.

FactSnippet No. 1,265,805

New Netherland's observations were preserved in a map drawn in 1616.

FactSnippet No. 1,265,806

New Netherland did not focus on colonization in America until 1654, when it was forced to surrender Dutch Brazil and forfeit the richest sugar-producing area in the world.

FactSnippet No. 1,265,807

In 1624, New Netherland became a province of the Dutch Republic, which had lowered the northern border of its North American dominion to 42 degrees latitude in acknowledgment of the claim by the English north of Cape Cod.

FactSnippet No. 1,265,808

New Netherland was replaced the following year by Willem Verhulst.

FactSnippet No. 1,265,809

New Netherland chose instead the island of Manhattan at the mouth of the river explored by Hudson, at that time called the North River.

FactSnippet No. 1,265,810

New Netherland ordered the construction of Fort Amsterdam at its southern tip, around which grew the heart of the province called The Manhattoes in the vernacular of the day, rather than New Netherland.

FactSnippet No. 1,265,811

Discontent in New Netherland Amsterdam led locals to dispatch Adriaen van der Donck back to the United Provinces to seek redress.

FactSnippet No. 1,265,812

Connecticut and New Netherland Haven were actually on land claimed by the United Provinces, but the Dutch were unable to populate or militarily defend their territorial claim and therefore could do nothing but protest the growing flood of English settlers.

FactSnippet No. 1,265,813

The directors of the Dutch West India Company concluded that the religious freedom that they offered in New Netherland would dissuade English colonists from working toward their removal.

FactSnippet No. 1,265,814

New Netherland grew into the largest metropolis in the United States, and it left an enduring legacy on American cultural and political life, "a secular broadmindedness and mercantile pragmatism" greatly influenced by the social and political climate in the Dutch Republic at the time, as well as by the character of those who immigrated to it.

FactSnippet No. 1,265,815

President Martin Van Buren grew up in Kinderhook, New Netherland York speaking only Dutch, becoming the only president not to have spoken English as a first language.

FactSnippet No. 1,265,816