57 Facts About New Haven


New Haven is a city in the U S state of Connecticut.

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New Haven is the home of Yale University, New Haven's biggest taxpayer and employer, and an integral part of the city's economy.

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New Haven has since billed itself as the "Cultural Capital of Connecticut" for its supply of established theaters, museums, and music venues.

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New Haven had the first public tree planting program in America, producing a canopy of mature trees that gave the city the nickname "The Elm City".

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In 1664 New Haven became part of the Connecticut Colony when the two colonies were merged under political pressure from England.

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Some members of the New Haven Colony seeking to establish a new theocracy elsewhere went on to establish Newark, New Jersey.

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Over a century, New Haven citizens had fought in the colonial militia alongside regular British forces, as in the French and Indian War.

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New Haven was not torched as the invaders did with Danbury in 1777, or Fairfield and Norwalk a week after the New Haven raid, so many of the town's colonial features were preserved.

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City struck fortune in the late 18th century with the inventions and industrial activity of Eli Whitney, a Yale graduate who remained in New Haven to develop the cotton gin and establish a gun-manufacturing factory in the northern part of the city near the Hamden town line.

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New Haven was home to one of the important early events in the burgeoning anti-slavery movement when, in 1839, the trial of mutineering Mende tribesmen being transported as slaves on the Spanish slaveship Amistad was held in New Haven's United States District Court.

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New Haven's expansion continued during the two World Wars, with most new inhabitants being African Americans from the American South and Puerto Ricans.

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The area of New Haven is only 17 square miles, encouraging further development of new housing after 1950 in adjacent, suburban towns.

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Certain sections of downtown New Haven were redeveloped to include museums, new office towers, a hotel, and large shopping complexes.

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Since approximately 2000, many parts of downtown New Haven have been revitalized with new restaurants, nightlife, and small retail stores.

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In particular, the area surrounding the New Haven Green has experienced an influx of apartments and condominiums.

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The recent turnaround of downtown New Haven has received positive press from various periodicals.

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New Haven has a long tradition of urban planning and a purposeful design for the city's layout.

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The New Haven Green is currently home to three separate historic churches which speak to the original theocratic nature of the city.

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New Haven is noted for having the highest percentage of Italian American residents of any US city.

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New Haven is a predominantly Roman Catholic city, as the city's Dominican, Irish, Italian, Mexican, Ecuadorian, and Puerto Rican populations are overwhelmingly Catholic.

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In 2017, New Haven was ranked by a Verizon study as one of the top 10 cities in America for launching tech startups, and top two in New England.

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Amphenol, based in Greater New Haven, is a Fortune 100 company.

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New Haven-based companies traded on stock exchanges include NewAlliance Bank, the second largest bank in Connecticut and fourth-largest in New England, Higher One Holdings, a financial services firm, United Illuminating, the electricity distributor for southern Connecticut, and Transpro Inc .

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New Haven is a member of the South Central Connecticut Regional Council of Governments, a regional agency created to facilitate coordination between area municipal governments and state and federal agencies, in the absence of county government.

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New Haven is served by the New Haven Police Department, which had 443 sworn officers in 2011.

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James Hillhouse, a New Haven native, served as President pro tempore of the United States Senate in 1801.

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New Haven was the residence of conservative thinker William F Buckley, Jr.

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Violent confrontations between the demonstrators and the New Haven Police occurred, and several bombs were set off in the area by radicals.

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In 2008, the country of Ecuador opened a consulate in New Haven to serve the large Ecuadorean immigrant population in the area.

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Crime increased in the 1990s, with New Haven having one of the ten highest violent crime rates per capita in the United States.

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However, an analysis by the Regional Data Cooperative for Greater New Haven, Inc, has shown that due to issues of comparative denominators and other factors, such municipality-based rankings can be considered inaccurate.

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New Haven is home to Southern Connecticut State University, part of the Connecticut State University System, and Albertus Magnus College, a private institution.

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Gateway Community College has a campus in downtown New Haven, formerly located in the Long Wharf district; Gateway consolidated into one campus downtown into a new state-of-the-art campus and was open for the Fall 2012 semester.

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New Haven is home to two Achievement First charter schools, Amistad Academy and Elm City College Prep, and to Common Ground, an environmental charter school.

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New Haven has a variety of museums, many of them associated with Yale.

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New Haven is home to the New Haven Museum and Historical Society on Whitney Avenue, which has a library of many primary source treasures dating from Colonial times to the present.

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New Haven is the home port of a life-size replica of the historical Freedom Schooner Amistad, which is open for tours at Long Wharf pier at certain times during the summer.

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New Haven Green is the site of many free music concerts, especially during the summer months.

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New Haven is home to the concert venue Toad's Place, and a new venue, College Street Music Hall.

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New Haven has a history of professional sports franchises dating back to the 19th century and has been the home to professional baseball, basketball, football, hockey, and soccer teams—including the New York Giants of the National Football League from 1973 to 1974, who played at the Yale Bowl.

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New Haven was the host of the 1995 Special Olympics World Summer Games; then-President Bill Clinton spoke at the opening ceremonies.

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New Haven has many architectural landmarks dating from every important time period and architectural style in American history.

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Several residential homes in New Haven were designed by Alice Washburn, a noted female architect whose Colonial Revival style set a standard for homes in the region.

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In 1660, Edward Whalley and William Goffe, two English Civil War generals who signed the death warrant of King Charles I, hid in a rock formation in New Haven after having fled England upon the restoration of Charles II to the English throne.

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The Union League Club of New Haven building, located on Chapel Street, is notable for not only being a historic Beaux-Arts building, but is built on the site where Roger Sherman's home once stood; George Washington is known to have stayed at the Sherman residence while President in 1789 .

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New Haven is connected to New York City and points along the Northeast Corridor by commuter rail, regional rail and inter-city rail.

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All routes originate from the New Haven Green, making it the central transfer hub of the city.

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The City of New Haven is in the very early stages of considering the restoration of streetcar service, which has been absent since the postwar period.

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The city has created recommended bike routes for getting around New Haven, including use of the Canal Trail and the Orange Street lane.

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I-95 is infamous for traffic jams increasing with proximity to New York City; on the east side of New Haven it passes over the Quinnipiac River via the Pearl Harbor Memorial, or "Q Bridge", which often presents a major bottleneck to traffic.

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Route 15 in New Haven is the site of the only highway tunnel in the state, running through West Rock, home to West Rock Park and the Three Judges Cave.

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New Haven Harbor is home to the Port of New Haven, a deep-water seaport with three berths capable of hosting vessels and barges as well as the facilities required to handle break bulk cargo.

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Yale and New Haven are working to build a medical and biotechnology research hub in the city and Greater New Haven region, and are succeeding to some extent.

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Near New Haven there is the static inverter plant of the HVDC Cross Sound Cable.

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New Haven recently installed solar panels at 11 city schools with a combined power generation capacity of 1.

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Several recent movies have been filmed in New Haven, including Mona Lisa Smile, with Julia Roberts, The Life Before Her Eyes, with Uma Thurman, and Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull directed by Steven Spielberg and starring Harrison Ford, Cate Blanchett and Shia LaBeouf.

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New Haven is mentioned in the song Peace Frog by The Doors, referencing a 1967 incident where Morrison was arrested for "attempting to incite a riot" in the middle of a concert at the New Haven Arena.

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