55 Facts About Yale


Yale University is a private Ivy League research university in New Haven, Connecticut.

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Yale is organized into fourteen constituent schools: the original undergraduate college, the Yale Graduate School of Arts and Sciences and twelve professional schools.

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In 1718, at the behest of either Rector Samuel Andrew or the colony's Governor Gurdon Saltonstall, Cotton Mather contacted the successful Boston-born businessman Elihu Yale to ask him for financial help in constructing a new building for the college.

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Yale was swept up by the great intellectual movements of the period—the Great Awakening and the Enlightenment—due to the religious and scientific interests of presidents Thomas Clap and Ezra Stiles.

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Yale'storians differ on whether or not he opposed slavery in general.

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Notably, there are no accounts of Yale ever visiting or influencing the university; Yale College was named after him only because of the size of his gift.

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Yale Report of 1828 was a dogmatic defense of the Latin and Greek curriculum against critics who wanted more courses in modern languages, mathematics, and science.

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Between 1892, when Harvard and Yale met in one of the first intercollegiate debates, and in 1909 the rhetoric, symbolism, and metaphors used in athletics were used to frame these early debates.

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In 1887, under the presidency of Timothy Dwight V, Yale College was renamed to Yale University, and the former name was applied only to the undergraduate college.

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The first seven women to earn PhDs at Yale received their degrees in 1894: Elizabeth Deering Hanscom, Cornelia H B Rogers, Sara Bulkley Rogers, Margaretta Palmer, Mary Augusta Scott, Laura Johnson Wylie, and Charlotte Fitch Roberts.

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In 1966, Yale began discussions with its sister school Vassar College about merging to foster coeducation at the undergraduate level.

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In 2006, Yale and Peking University established a Joint Undergraduate Program in Beijing, an exchange program allowing Yale students to spend a semester living and studying with PKU honor students.

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President Richard Levin noted that Yale has hundreds of other partnerships across the world, but "no existing collaboration matches the scale of the new partnership with UCL".

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In 2017, having been suggested for decades, Yale University renamed Calhoun College, named for slave owner, anti-abolitionist, and white supremacist Vice President John C Calhoun .

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Yale was president of the East India Company, a trading company that traded slaves as well as goods, and his singularly large donation led to Yale relying on money from the slave-trade for its first scholarships and endowments.

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Yale alumni were represented on the Democratic or Republican ticket in every U S presidential election between 1972 and 2004.

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Yale changed so much between the class of '68 and the class of '71.

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President and Fellows of Yale College, known as the Yale Corporation, or board of trustees, is the governing body of the university and consists of thirteen standing committees with separate responsibilities outlined in the by-laws.

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Yale's succeeding president Peter Salovey ranks 40th with a 2020 salary of $1.

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Unlike similar institutions, Yale has consistently refused to recognize its graduate student union, Local 33, citing claims that the union's elections were undemocratic and how graduate students are not employees; the move to not recognize the union has been criticized by the American Federation of Teachers.

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In October 2014, after deliberation, Yale security decided to form a new union, the Yale University Security Officers Association, which has since represented the campus security officers.

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Yale has a history of difficult and prolonged labor negotiations, often culminating in strikes.

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Yale has responded to strikes with claims over mediocre union participation and the benefits of their contracts.

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Yale owns and has restored many noteworthy 19th-century mansions along Hillhouse Avenue, which was considered the most beautiful street in America by Charles Dickens when he visited the United States in the 1840s.

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Many of Yale's buildings were constructed in the Collegiate Gothic architecture style from 1917 to 1931, financed largely by Edward S Harkness, including the Yale Drama School.

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Yale was listed as a Campus Sustainability Leader on the Sustainable Endowments Institute's College Sustainability Report Card 2008, and received a "B+" grade overall.

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Yale is the largest taxpayer and employer in the City of New Haven, and has often buoyed the city's economy and communities.

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Yale, however has consistently opposed paying a tax on its academic property.

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Yale has a complicated relationship with its home city; for example, thousands of students volunteer every year in a myriad of community organizations, but city officials, who decry Yale's exemption from local property taxes, have long pressed the university to do more to help.

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Under President Levin, Yale has financially supported many of New Haven's efforts to reinvigorate the city.

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Between 1990 and 2006, New Haven's crime rate fell by half, helped by a community policing strategy by the New Haven Police and Yale's campus became the safest among the Ivy League and other peer schools.

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Every year, Yale College admits a small group of non-traditional students through the Eli Whitney Students Program.

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Yale University is accredited by the New England Commission of Higher Education.

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Yale is a member of the Association of American Universities and is classified among "R1: Doctoral Universities – Very high research activity".

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Since the late 1960s, Yale produces social sciences and policy research through its Institution for Social and Policy Studies .

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Yale is a research university, with the majority of its students in the graduate and professional schools.

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Yale described Calhoun as "a notable political theorist, a vice president to two different U S presidents, a secretary of war and of state, and a congressman and senator representing South Carolina".

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Yale claimed that if they removed Calhoun's name, it would "obscure" his "legacy of slavery rather than addressing it".

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In 2014, Yale had 385 registered student organizations, plus an additional one hundred groups in the process of registration.

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WYBC Yale Radio is the campus's radio station, owned and operated by students.

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Yale Political Union is a debate society founded in 1934 to host student discussions on a wide variety of topics.

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Yale has numerous athletic facilities, including the Yale Bowl, located at The Walter Camp Field athletic complex, and the Payne Whitney Gymnasium, the second-largest indoor athletic complex in the world.

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Yale maintains the Gales Ferry site where the heavyweight men's team trains for the Yale-Harvard Boat Race.

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Yale crew is the oldest collegiate athletic team in America, and won Olympic Games Gold Medal for men's eights in 1924 and 1956.

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The official Yale fight song, "Bulldog" was written by Cole Porter during his undergraduate days and is sung after touchdowns during a football game.

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Yale has had many financial supporters, but some stand out by the magnitude or timeliness of their contributions.

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Over its history, Yale has produced many distinguished alumni in a variety of fields, ranging from the public to private sector.

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Yale graduates have been recipients of 252 Rhodes Scholarships, 123 Marshall Scholarships, 67 Truman Scholarships, 21 Churchill Scholarships, and 9 Mitchell Scholarships.

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Yale alumni have had considerable presence in U S government in all three branches.

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Yale has produced numerous award-winning authors and influential writers, like Nobel Prize in Literature laureate Sinclair Lewis and Pulitzer Prize winners Stephen Vincent Benet, Thornton Wilder, Doug Wright, and David McCullough.

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Alumni from Yale have made notable contributions to both music and the arts.

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In business, Yale has had numerous alumni and former students go on to become founders of influential business, like William Boeing, Briton Hadden and Henry Luce, Stephen A Schwarzman, Frederick W Smith, Juan Trippe, Harold Stanley, Bing Gordon, and Ben Silbermann .

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Yale University is a cultural referent as an institution that produces some of the most elite members of society and its grounds, alumni, and students have been prominently portrayed in fiction and U S popular culture.

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For example, Owen Johnson's novel Stover at Yale follows the college career of Dink Stover, and Frank Merriwell, the model for all later juvenile sports fiction, plays football, baseball, crew, and track at Yale while solving mysteries and righting wrongs.

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Yale University is mentioned in F Scott Fitzgerald's novel The Great Gatsby.

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