25 Facts About Rhodes


Rhodes has several nicknames, such as "Island of the Sun" due to its patron sun god Helios, "The Pearl Island", and "The Island of the Knights", named after the Knights of Saint John of Jerusalem, who ruled the island from 1310 to 1522.

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Travels of Sir John Mandeville incorrectly reports that Rhodes was formerly called "Collosus", through a conflation of the Colossus of Rhodes and Paul's Epistle to the Colossians, which refers to Colossae.

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The city of Rhodes is located at the northern tip of the island, as well as the site of the ancient and modern commercial harbours.

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Rhodes has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate with mild winters and hot summers.

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The war lasted until 404 BC, but by this time Rhodes had withdrawn entirely from the conflict and decided to go her own way.

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Rhodes then became a part of the growing empire of Alexander the Great in 332 BC, after he defeated the Persians.

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Rhodes formed strong commercial and cultural ties with the Ptolemies in Alexandria, and together formed the Rhodo-Egyptian alliance that controlled trade throughout the Aegean in the 3rd century BC.

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Rhodes successfully carried on this policy through the course of the third century BC, an impressive achievement for what was essentially a democratic state.

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In 169 BC, during the war against Perseus, Rhodes sent Agepolis as ambassador to the consul Quintus Marcius Philippus, and then to Rome in the following year, hoping to turn the Senate against the war.

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Rhodes remained scrupulously neutral during the war, but in the view of hostile elements in the Senate she had been a bit too friendly with the defeated King Perseus.

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In 164 BC, Rhodes became a "permanent ally" of Rome, which was essentially a reduction to client state of nominal but meaningless independence.

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In 715 the Byzantine fleet dispatched against the Arabs launched a rebellion at Rhodes, which led to the installation of Theodosios III on the Byzantine throne.

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Rhodes was recaptured by the Emperor Alexios I Komnenos during the First Crusade.

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Rhodes was thereafter a possession of the Ottoman Empire for nearly four centuries.

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In February 1840, the Jews of Rhodes were falsely accused by the Greek Orthodox community of ritually murdering a Christian boy.

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In 1949, Rhodes was the venue for negotiations between Israel and Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria, concluding with the 1949 Armistice Agreements.

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Colossus of Rhodes was considered to be one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

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Rhodes has a Turkish Muslim minority, which includes Greek Muslims whose ancestors from Crete and the Dodecanese converted to Islam in the Ottoman period.

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Jewish Museum of Rhodes was established in 1997 to preserve the Jewish history and culture of the Jews of Rhodes.

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Present municipality Rhodes was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 10 former municipalities, that became municipal units:.

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Rhodes city was the capital of the former Dodecanese Prefecture.

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Rhodes is the most populated island of the South Aegean Region.

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Until 1977, Rhodes Maritsa Airport, built in 1938, was a public airport; it is used by the Hellenic Air Force and occasionally for car races.

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Rhodes has five ports, three of them in Rhodes City, one in the west coast near Kamiros and one in east coast near Lardos.

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Rhodes is one of the most attractive tourist destinations in Greece.

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