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31 Facts About Crete
Crete was the centre of Europe's first advanced civilization, the Minoans, from 2700 to 1420 BC.
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Current name Crete is first attested in the 15th century BC in Mycenaean Greek texts, written in Linear B, through the words and (, ; later Greek:, 'Cretan').
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Crete is mountainous, and its character is defined by a high mountain range crossing from west to east, formed by six different groups of mountains:.
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Mountains in Crete are the object of tremendous fascination both for locals and tourists.
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Rivers of Crete include the Ieropotamos River, the Koiliaris, the Anapodiaris, the Almiros, the Giofyros, and Megas Potamos.
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Western Crete receives more rain and the soils there suffer more erosion compared to the Eastern part of Crete.
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Crete is the most populous island in Greece with a population of more than 600, 000 people.
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However, agriculture plays an important role and Crete is one of the few Greek islands that can support itself independently without a tourism industry.
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Crete was the centre of Europe's first advanced civilization, the Minoan.
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The reconquest of Crete was a major achievement for the Byzantines, as it restored Byzantine control over the Aegean littoral and diminished the threat of Saracen pirates, for which Crete had provided a base of operations.
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Crete was initially granted to leading Crusader Boniface of Montferrat in the partition of spoils that followed.
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Crete was left out of the new Greek state established under the London Protocol of 1830.
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Crete is one of the most popular holiday destinations in Greece.
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Crete has an extensive bus system with regular services across the north of the island and from north to south.
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Mammals of Crete include the vulnerable kri-kri, Capra aegagrus cretica that can be seen in the national park of the Samaria Gorge and on Thodorou, Dia and Agioi Pantes, the Cretan wildcat and the Cretan spiny mouse.
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The population of griffon vultures in Crete is the largest insular one of the species in the world and consists the majority of griffon vulture population in Greece.
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Apart from terrestrial mammals, the seas around Crete are rich in large marine mammals, a fact unknown to most Greeks at present, although reported since ancient times.
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Some of the fish that can be seen in the waters around Crete include: scorpion fish, dusky grouper, east Atlantic peacock wrasse, five-spotted wrasse, weever fish, common stingray, brown ray, mediterranean black goby, pearly razorfish, star-gazer, painted comber, damselfish, and the flying gurnard.
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Crete has a rich variety of indigenous herbs including common sage, rosemary, thyme, and oregano.
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Crete has a strong association with ancient Greek gods but is connected with the Minoan civilization.
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Guns are subject to strict regulation from the Greek government, and in recent years a great deal of effort to control firearms in Crete has been undertaken by the Greek police, but with limited success.
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Crete has many football clubs playing in the local leagues.
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