27 Facts About Boniface


Boniface, OSB was an English Benedictine monk and leading figure in the Anglo-Saxon mission to the Germanic parts of the Frankish Empire during the eighth century.

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Boniface organised significant foundations of the church in Germany and was made archbishop of Mainz by Pope Gregory III.

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Boniface was martyred in Frisia in 754, along with 52 others, and his remains were returned to Fulda, where they rest in a sarcophagus which has become a site of pilgrimage.

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Boniface is venerated as a saint in the Christian church and became the patron saint of Germania, known as the "Apostle to the Germans".

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Boniface is celebrated as a missionary; he is regarded as a unifier of Europe, and he is regarded by German Roman Catholics as a national figure.

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Later tradition places his birth at Crediton, but the earliest mention of Crediton in connection to Boniface is from the early fourteenth century, in John Grandisson's Legenda Sanctorum: The Proper Lessons for Saints' Days according to the use of Exeter.

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Boniface received further theological training in the Benedictine monastery and minster of Nhutscelle, not far from Winchester, which under the direction of abbot Winbert had grown into an industrious centre of learning in the tradition of Aldhelm.

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Boniface traveled to Utrecht, where Willibrord, the "Apostle to the Frisians, " had been working since the 690s.

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Boniface spent a year with Willibrord, preaching in the countryside, but their efforts were frustrated by the war then being carried on between Charles Martel and Radbod, King of the Frisians.

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Boniface built a chapel dedicated to Saint Peter from its wood at the site—the chapel was the beginning of the monastery in Fritzlar.

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Lutz von Padberg and others point out that what the vitae leave out is that the action was most likely well-prepared and widely publicized in advance for maximum effect, and that Boniface had little reason to fear for his personal safety since the Frankish fortified settlement of Buraburg was nearby.

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Boniface had been under the protection of Charles Martel from 723 onwards.

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In 732, Boniface traveled again to Rome to report, and Pope Gregory III conferred upon him the pallium as archbishop with jurisdiction over what is Germany.

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Boniface again set out for the German lands and continued his mission, but used his authority to work on the relations between the papacy and the Frankish church.

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Boniface would have to wait until the 740s before he could try to address this situation, in which Frankish church officials were essentially sinecures, and the church itself paid little heed to Rome.

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Boniface himself explained to his old friend, Daniel of Winchester, that without the protection of Charles Martel he could "neither administer his church, defend his clergy, nor prevent idolatry".

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Boniface baptized a great number and summoned a general meeting for confirmation at a place not far from Dokkum, between Franeker and Groningen.

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Boniface's remains were moved from the Frisian countryside to Utrecht, and then to Mainz, where sources contradict each other regarding the behavior of Lullus, Boniface's successor as archbishop of Mainz.

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Boniface's remains were eventually buried in the abbey church of Fulda after resting for some time in Utrecht, and they are entombed within a shrine beneath the high altar of Fulda Cathedral, previously the abbey church.

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Famous statue of Saint Boniface stands on the grounds of Mainz Cathedral, seat of the archbishop of Mainz.

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Today, St Boniface is regarded as Winnipeg's main French-speaking district and the centre of the Franco-Manitobain community, and St Boniface Hospital is the second-largest hospital in Manitoba.

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Boniface engaged in regular correspondence with fellow churchmen all over Western Europe, including the three popes he worked with, and with some of his kinsmen back in England.

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Boniface sees a hell of purgation full of pits vomiting flames.

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Early in his career, before he left for the continent, Boniface wrote the, a grammatical treatise presumably for his students in Nursling.

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Boniface wrote a treatise on verse, the, and a collection of twenty acrostic riddles, the, influenced greatly by Aldhelm and containing many references to works of Vergil .

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Letter by Boniface charging Aldebert and Clement with heresy is preserved in the records of the Roman Council of 745 that condemned the two.

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Boniface's death has given rise to a number of noteworthy celebrations.

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