16 Facts About Germania


Latin name Germania means "land of the Germani", but the etymology of the name Germani itself is uncertain.

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Germania referred to these people as "Germani" and their lands beyond the Rhine as "Germania".

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Large parts of Germania subsequently became part of the Frankish Empire and later East Francia.

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Boundaries of Germania are not clearly defined, particularly at its northern and eastern fringes.

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Magna Germania stretched approximately from the Rhine in the west to beyond the Vistula river in the east, and from the Danube in the south and northwards along the North and Baltic seas, including Scandinavia.

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Germania Superior encompassed parts of modern-day Switzerland, southwest Germany and eastern France, while Germania Inferior encompassed much of modern-day Belgium and Netherlands.

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Germania was inhabited by a large number of peoples, and there was not much unity among them.

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Germania writes the area was composed of numerous Germanic states, which were not entirely united.

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Germania writes that Germani had once crossed the Rhine into northeast Gaul and driven away its Gallic inhabitants, and that the Belgae claimed to be largely descended from these Germanic invaders.

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The outcome of this battle dissuaded the Romans from their ambition of conquering Germania, and is thus considered one of the most important events in European history.

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Roman Germania became characterized by a mixed Celtic, Germanic and Roman population, which became progressively Romanized.

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Tacitus writes that the leader of the revolt, Gaius Julius Civilis, recruited a vast amount of warriors from his self-described "kinsmen" all over Germania, and hailed Arminius for having liberated Germania from slavery.

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The provinces of Roman Germania continued to be subjected to repeated Alemannic and Frankish attacks.

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Large parts of Germania, including all of Roman Germania, were eventually incorporated into the Frankish Empire.

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Areas of Magna Germania were largely agrarian, and display archaeological commonalities with each other, while being strongly differentiated from that of Roman Germania, largely due to the absence of cities and independent coinage.

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Name Germania is attested in Old English translations of Bede and Orosius.

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