34 Facts About Manitoba


Manitoba is a province of Canada at the longitudinal centre of the country.

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Rupert's Land, which included all of present-day Manitoba, grew and evolved from 1673 until 1869 with significant settlements of Indigenous and Metis people in the Red River Colony.

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The first farming in Manitoba was along the Red River, where corn and other seed crops were planted before contact with Europeans.

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Prime Minister Sir John A Macdonald introduced the Manitoba Act in the House of Commons of Canada, the bill was given Royal Assent and Manitoba was brought into Canada as a province in 1870.

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Original province of Manitoba was a square one-eighteenth of its current size, and was known colloquially as the "postage stamp province".

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Manitoba grew to its current size in 1912, absorbing land from the Northwest Territories to reach 60°N, uniform with the northern reach of its western neighbours Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia.

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In 1890, the Manitoba legislature passed a law removing funding for French Catholic schools.

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Once elected Prime Minister in 1896, Laurier implemented a compromise stating Catholics in Manitoba could have their own religious instruction for 30 minutes at the end of the day if there were enough students to warrant it, implemented on a school-by-school basis.

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Manitoba was the first province to allow women to vote in provincial elections.

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Several Manitoba-based regiments were deployed overseas, including Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry.

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In 2004, Manitoba became the first province in Canada to ban indoor smoking in public places.

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In 2013, Manitoba was the second province to introduce accessibility legislation, protecting the rights of persons with disabilities.

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Manitoba is bordered by the provinces of Ontario to the east and Saskatchewan to the west, the territory of Nunavut to the north, and the US states of North Dakota and Minnesota to the south.

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Manitoba is at the centre of the Hudson Bay drainage basin, with a high volume of the water draining into Lake Winnipeg and then north down the Nelson River into Hudson Bay.

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Manitoba is far from the moderating influences of mountain ranges or large bodies of water.

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Carman, Manitoba, recorded the second-highest humidex ever in Canada in 2007, with 53.

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Manitoba is especially noted for its northern polar bear population; Churchill is commonly referred to as the "Polar Bear Capital".

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Gimli, Manitoba is home to the largest Icelandic community outside of Iceland.

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Manitoba has a moderately strong economy based largely on natural resources.

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Manitoba's economy relies heavily on agriculture, tourism, electricity, oil, mining, and forestry.

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Manitoba is the nation's largest producer of sunflower seed and dry beans, and one of the leading sources of potatoes.

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Manitoba is the only province with an Arctic deep-water seaport, at Churchill.

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In January 2018, the Canadian Federation of Independent Business claimed Manitoba was the most improved province for tackling red tape.

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HBC control of Rupert's Land ended in 1868; when Manitoba became a province in 1870, all land became the property of the federal government, with homesteads granted to settlers for farming.

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Manitoba's economy depended mainly on farming, which persisted until drought and the Great Depression led to further diversification.

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The United Farmers of Manitoba appeared in 1922, and later merged with the Liberals in 1932.

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The premier of Manitoba is Heather Stefanson of the PC Party, after Brian Pallister's resignation.

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In 2010, the provincial government of Manitoba passed the Aboriginal Languages Recognition Act, which gives official recognition to seven indigenous languages: Cree, Dakota, Dene, Inuktitut, Michif, Ojibway and Oji-Cree.

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Public schools in Manitoba fall under the regulation of one of thirty-seven school divisions within the provincial education system .

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Manitoba is the birthplace of the Red River Jig, a combination of Indigenous pow-wows and European reels popular among early settlers.

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Manitoba Opera, founded in 1969, performs out of the Centennial Concert Hall.

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Major films shot in Manitoba include The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford and Capote, both of which received Academy Award nominations.

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Manitoba has five professional sports teams: the Winnipeg Blue Bombers, the Winnipeg Jets, the Manitoba Moose, the Winnipeg Goldeyes, and Valour FC .

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Manitoba has two major junior-level hockey teams, the Western Hockey League's Brandon Wheat Kings and Winnipeg Ice, and one junior football team, the Winnipeg Rifles of the Canadian Junior Football League.

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