31 Facts About Ontario


Ontario is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada.

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Ontario is Canada's fourth-largest jurisdiction in total area when the territories of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut are included.

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Ontario is bordered by the province of Manitoba to the west, Hudson Bay and James Bay to the north, and Quebec to the east and northeast, and to the south by the U S states of Minnesota, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York.

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In contrast, Northern Ontario is sparsely populated with cold winters and heavy forestation.

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The first mention of the name Ontario was in 1641, when "Ontario" was used to describe the land on the north shore of the easternmost part of the Great Lakes.

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Point Pelee is a peninsula of Lake Erie in southwestern Ontario that is the southernmost extent of Canada's mainland.

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Windsor, in Southern Ontario, has the most lightning strikes per year in Canada, averaging 33 days of thunderstorm activity per year.

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In 1788, while part of the Province of Quebec, southern Ontario was divided into four districts: Hesse, Lunenburg, Mecklenburg, and Nassau.

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Ontario recommended self-government be granted and Lower and Upper Canada be re-joined in an attempt to assimilate the French Canadians.

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In 1849, the districts of southern Ontario were abolished by the Province of Canada, and county governments took over certain municipal responsibilities.

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Once constituted as a province, Ontario proceeded to assert its economic and legislative power.

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Ontario fought for provincial rights, weakening the power of the federal government in provincial matters, usually through well-argued appeals to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council.

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Ontario presided over the emergence of the province into the economic powerhouse of Canada.

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Ontario became a hotbed for the illegal smuggling of liquor and the biggest supplier into the United States, which was under complete prohibition.

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Prohibition in Ontario came to an end in 1927 with the establishment of the Liquor Control Board of Ontario under the government of Howard Ferguson.

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Ontario has been the recipients of most immigration to Canada, largely immigrants from war-torn Europe in the 1950s and 1960s and following changes in federal immigration law, a massive influx of non-Europeans since the 1970s.

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Slightly less than 5 per cent of the population of Ontario is Franco-Ontarian, that is those whose native tongue is French, although those with French ancestry account for 11 per cent of the population.

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Principal language of Ontario is English, the province's de facto official language, with approximately 97.

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Ontario has Chrysler plants in Windsor and Bramalea, two GM plants in Oshawa and one in Ingersoll, a Honda assembly plant in Alliston, Ford plants in Oakville and St Thomas and Toyota assembly plants in Cambridge and Woodstock.

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Toronto, the capital of Ontario, is the centre of Canada's financial services and banking industry.

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Tourism contributes heavily to the economy of Central Ontario, peaking during the summer months owing to the abundance of fresh water recreation and wilderness found there in reasonable proximity to the major urban centres.

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Ontario is home to Niagara Falls, which supplies a large amount of electricity to the province.

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The Bruce Nuclear Generating Station, the largest operational nuclear power plant in the world, is in Ontario and uses 8 CANDU reactors to generate electricity for the province.

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Ontario has grown, from its roots in Upper Canada, into a modern jurisdiction.

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The administrative regions of Ontario are roughly coterminous with the census divisions used by Statistics Canada, although some exceptions do exist.

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Higher education in Ontario includes post-secondary education and skills training regulated by the Ministry of Training, Colleges, and Universities and provided by universities, colleges of applied arts and technology, and private career colleges.

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In 2019, the government of Ontario passed legislation that established the Poet Laureate of Ontario.

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In 2007, the provincial tourism agency commissioned a new song, "There's No Place Like This" is featured in television advertising, performed by Ontario artists including Molly Johnson, Brian Byrne, Keshia Chante, as well as Tomi Swick and Arkells.

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Transportation routes in Ontario evolved from early waterway travel and First Nations paths followed by European explorers.

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Ontario has two major east–west routes, both starting from Montreal in the neighbouring province of Quebec.

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Ontario Northland provides rail service to destinations as far north as Moosonee near James Bay, connecting them with the south.

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