59 Facts About Ohio


Ohio is bordered by Lake Erie to the north, Pennsylvania to the east, West Virginia to the southeast, Kentucky to the southwest, Indiana to the west, and Michigan to the northwest.

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Ohio arose from the lands west of Appalachia that were contested from colonial times through the Northwest Indian Wars of the late 18th century.

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Ohio was the first post-colonial free state admitted to the union, and became one of the earliest and most influential industrial powerhouses during the 20th century.

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Government of Ohio is composed of the executive branch, led by the governor; the legislative branch, consisting of the bicameral Ohio General Assembly; and the judicial branch, led by the state Supreme Court.

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Ohio occupies 16 seats in the United States House of Representatives.

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Indians in the Ohio Valley were greatly affected by the aggressive tactics of the Iroquois Confederation, based in central and western New York.

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Many of these Ohio-country nations were multi-ethnic societies born out of the earlier devastation brought about by disease, war, and subsequent social instability.

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Ohio country was the site of Indian massacres, such as the Yellow Creek Massacre, Gnadenhutten and Pontiac's Rebellion school massacre.

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Just beyond Ohio Country was the great Miami capital of Kekionga which became the center of British trade and influence in Ohio Country and throughout the future Northwest Territory.

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Ohio tribes participated in the war until an armed expedition in Ohio led by Colonel Henry Bouquet brought about a truce.

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Ohio was one of the most highly respected men in the early years of the United States.

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In 1780, the directors of the Ohio Company appointed him superintendent of all its affairs relating to settlement north of the Ohio River.

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Ohio has had three capital cities: Chillicothe, Zanesville, and Columbus.

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Ohio played a key role in the War of 1812, as it was on the front line in the Western theater and the scene of several notable battles both on land and in Lake Erie.

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In 1835, Ohio fought with the Michigan Territory in the Toledo War, a mostly bloodless boundary war over the Toledo Strip.

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The Ohio River was a vital artery for troop and supply movements, as were Ohio's railroads.

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The industry of Ohio made the state one of the most important states in the Union during the Civil war.

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Ohio contributed more soldiers per capita than any other state in the Union.

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From July 13 to 26, 1863, towns along the Ohio River were attacked and ransacked in Morgan's Raid, starting in Harrison in the west and culminating in the Battle of Salineville near West Point in the far east.

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The first open-hearth furnace used for steel production was constructed by the Otis Steel Company in Cleveland, and by 1892, Ohio ranked as the 2nd-largest steel-producing state behind Pennsylvania.

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Ohio was hit by its greatest natural disaster in the Great Flood of 1913, resulting in at least 428 fatalities and hundreds of millions of dollars in property damage, particularly around the Great Miami River basin.

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Two Ohio astronauts completed significant milestones in the space race in the 1960s: John Glenn becoming the first American to orbit the Earth, and Neil Armstrong becoming the first human to walk on the Moon.

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Ohio had become nicknamed the "fuel cell corridor" in being a contributing anchor for the region now called the "Green Belt, " in reference to the growing renewable energy sector.

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Ohio was hit hard by the Great Recession and manufacturing employment losses entering the 2010s.

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Ohio's neighbors are Pennsylvania to the east, Michigan to the northwest, Lake Erie to the north, Indiana to the west, Kentucky on the south, and West Virginia on the southeast.

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Ohio's borders were defined by metes and bounds in the Enabling Act of 1802 as follows:.

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Ohio is bounded by the Ohio River, but nearly all of the river itself belongs to Kentucky and West Virginia.

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Ohio has only that portion of the river between the river's 1792 low-water mark and the present high-water mark.

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Rugged southeastern quadrant of Ohio, stretching in an outward bow-like arc along the Ohio River from the West Virginia Panhandle to the outskirts of Cincinnati, forms a distinct socio-economic unit.

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Worst weather disaster in Ohio history occurred along the Great Miami River in 1913.

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Climate of Ohio is a humid continental climate throughout most of the state, except in the extreme southern counties of Ohio's Bluegrass region section, which are located on the northern periphery of the humid subtropical climate (Cfa) and Upland South region of the United States.

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Northeast Ohio is known for major industrial companies Goodyear Tire and Rubber and Timken, top-ranked colleges Case Western Reserve University, Oberlin College, and Kent State University, the Cleveland Clinic, and cultural attractions including the Cleveland Museum of Art, Big Five member Cleveland Orchestra, Cuyahoga Valley National Park, Playhouse Square, the Pro Football Hall of Fame, and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

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Ohio had the nation's largest population of Slovene speakers, second largest of Slovak speakers, second largest of Pennsylvania Dutch speakers, and the third largest of Serbian speakers.

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In 2010, Ohio was ranked second in the country for best business climate by Site Selection magazine, based on a business-activity database.

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Ohio was ranked No 11 by the council for best friendly-policy states according to their Small Business Survival Index 2009.

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Ohio has the third largest manufacturing workforce behind California and Texas.

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Ohio has the largest bioscience sector in the Midwest, and is a national leader in the "green" economy.

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Ohio is the largest producer in the country of plastics, rubber, fabricated metals, electrical equipment, and appliances.

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Ohio is one of 41 states with its own lottery, the Ohio Lottery.

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The arrival of the Lincoln Highway to Ohio was a major influence on the development of the state.

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Ohio is home to 228 miles of the historic National Road, now U S Route 40.

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Ohio has a highly developed network of roads and interstate highways.

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Ohio has a highly developed network of signed state bicycle routes.

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Ohio has an extensive rail network, though today most lines carry only freight traffic.

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Ohio is home to several scenic railways and museums, including the Cuyahoga Valley Scenic Railroad through Cuyahoga Valley National Park, the Age of Steam Roundhouse museum, and the Hocking Valley Scenic Railway near Hocking Hills State Park.

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Ohio has four international airports, four commercial, and two military.

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Ohio General Assembly is a bicameral legislature consisting of the Senate and House of Representatives.

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Ohio is considered a swing state, being won by either the Democratic or Republican candidates reasonably each election.

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Pivotal in the election of 1888, Ohio has been a regular swing state since 1980 and has been considered a bellwether.

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Since 1896, Ohio has had only three misses in the general election and had the longest perfect streak of any state, voting for the winning presidential candidate in each election from 1964 to 2016, and in 33 of the 38 held since the Civil War.

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Ohio is home to some of the nation's highest-ranked public libraries.

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Ohio Public Library Information Network is an organization that provides Ohio residents with internet access to their 251 public libraries.

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Many other Ohio cities are home to their own orchestras, including Akron, Blue Ash, Canton, Cincinnati, Columbus, Dayton, Toledo, and Youngstown.

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The Bluecoats Drum and Bugle Corps are Ohio's highest fielding drum corps, competing in the Drum Corps International World Class circuit out of Canton.

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Ohio is home to 30 art institutions, including the Columbus Museum of Art, Cincinnati Art Museum, Cleveland Museum of Art, and other entities.

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Ohio is home to eight professional sports teams across the five different major leagues in the United States.

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Ohio has brought home seven World Series titles, two MLS Cups (Crew 2008, 2020), one NBA Championship (Cavaliers 2016), and nine NFL Championships (Pros 1920; Bulldogs 1922, 1923, 1924; Rams 1945; Browns 1950, 1954, 1955, 1964).

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Ohio played a central role in the development of both Major League Baseball and the National Football League.

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Ohio has eight NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision college football teams, divided among three different conferences.

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