38 Facts About NCAA


Controversially, the NCAA formerly capped the benefits that collegiate athletes could receive from their schools.

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Several years, the NCAA was a discussion group and rules-making body, but in 1921, the first NCAA national championship was conducted: the National Collegiate Track and Field Championships.

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The NCAA argued that its pro-competitive and non-commercial justifications for the plan – protection of live gate, maintenance of competitive balance among NCAA member institutions, and the creation of a more attractive "product" to compete with other forms of entertainment – combined to make the plan reasonable.

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In 1999, the NCAA was sued for discriminating against female athletes under Title IX for systematically giving men in graduate school more waivers than a woman to participate in college sports.

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In National Collegiate Athletic Association v Smith, 525 U S 459 the U S Supreme Court ruled that the NCAA was not subject to that law, without reviewing the merits of the discrimination claim.

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NCAA was dissatisfied with its Johnson County, Kansas suburban location, noting that its location on the south edges of the Kansas City suburbs was more than 40 minutes from Kansas City International Airport.

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NCAA had no full-time administrator until 1951, when Walter Byers was appointed executive director.

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In 2013, the NCAA hired Brian Hainline as its first chief medical officer.

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The NCAA considers a National Collegiate title equivalent to a Division I title, even if the champion is a member of Division II or III for other sports.

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Men's ice hockey uses the same "National Collegiate" format as women's ice hockey and men's indoor volleyball, but its top-level championship is styled as a "Division I" championship, presumably because the NCAA once sponsored a separate Division II championship in that sport.

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Hosick, Brutlag, and Sproull in 2012 said, "NCAA members are motivated by the principle that participation in intercollegiate athletics is part of the higher education experience; student-athletes must be students first".

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Sports sanctioned by the NCAA include the following: basketball, baseball, beach volleyball, softball, football, cross country, field hockey, bowling, golf, fencing, lacrosse, soccer, gymnastics, rowing, volleyball, ice hockey, water polo, rifle, tennis, skiing, track and field, swimming and diving, and wrestling .

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Every NCAA sanctioned sport other than Division I FBS football, the NCAA awards trophies with gold, silver, and bronze plating for the first-, second-, and third-place teams respectively.

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NCAA has never sanctioned an official championship for its highest level of football, now known as Division I FBS.

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NCAA is divided into three levels of conferences, Division I, Division II, and Division III, organized in declining program size, as well as numerous sub-divisions.

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NCAA has current media rights contracts with CBS Sports, CBS Sports Network, ESPN, ESPN Plus, Turner Sports and the Golf Channel for coverage of its 88 championships.

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The NCAA's licensing was not required to produce the games, as rights to use teams are not licensed through the NCAA, but through entities such as individual schools and the Collegiate Licensing Company.

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The NCAA withdrew EA's license due to uncertainties surrounding a series of lawsuits, most notably O'Bannon v NCAA, involving the use of player likenesses in college sports video games.

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The NCAA provides many resources to provide information and enforce this amendment.

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NCAA has kept these core values central to its decisions regarding the allocation of championship bids.

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The NCAA provides many resources concerning the education of the college community on this topic and policies in order to foster diversity.

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Previously, the NCAA used testosterone levels to qualify transgender athletes for participation.

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In December 2021, John Lohn, the editor-in-chief of Swimming World, criticised NCAA policy; writing about transgender swimmer Lia Thomas, he argued that the "one-year suppressant requirement is not nearly stringent enough to create a level playing field between Thomas and the biological females against whom she is racing".

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The NCAA accepted the revised bill and continues to host events in Indiana.

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The NCAA provides a demographics database that can be openly viewed by the public.

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NCAA defines a disability as a current impairment that has a substantial educational impact on a student's academic performance and requires accommodation.

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The NCAA hosts adapted sports championships for both track and field and swimming and diving as of 2015.

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Universities under NCAA policy are under scrutiny for specifically Native American-inspired mascots.

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Creation of a mechanism to enforce the NCAA's legislation occurred in 1952 after careful consideration by the membership.

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In cases of particularly egregious misconduct, the NCAA has the power to ban a school from participating in a particular sport, a penalty is known as the "Death Penalty".

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However, when the NCAA opts not to issue a death penalty for a repeat violation, it must explain why it did not do so.

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Since the SMU case, there are only three instances where the NCAA has seriously considered imposing it against a Division I school; it imposed it against Division II Morehouse College's men's soccer team in 2003 and Division III MacMurray College's men's tennis team in 2005.

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The NCAA later reversed itself by restoring all forfeited seasons and overturning the remaining sanctions.

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One of the most famous scandals in NCAA history involved Heisman Trophy-winning quarterback Cam Newton of the Auburn Tigers in 2011.

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NCAA provided a breakdown of how those revenues were in turn spent, organizing pay-outs and expenses into some 14 basic categories.

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NCAA has limited the amount of compensation that individual players can receive to scholarships equal to school tuition and related expenses.

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In previous years, the NCAA has presented the following awards at its NCAA Honors event: Astronaut Salute, Business Leader Salute, Congressional Medal of Honor Salute, Governor Salute, Olympians Salute, Performing Arts Salute, Presidents Cabinet Salute, Prominent National Media Salute, Special Recognition Awards, U S House of Representatives Salute, and U S Senate Salute.

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NCAA is the dominant, but not the only, collegiate athletic organization in the United States.

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