64 Facts About Cleveland


Cleveland, officially the City of Cleveland, is a city in the U S state of Ohio and the county seat of Cuyahoga County.

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Cleveland was founded in 1796 near the mouth of the Cuyahoga River by General Moses Cleaveland, after whom the city was named.

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Home to a vocal group of abolitionists, Cleveland was a major stop on the Underground Railroad for escaped African American slaves en route to Canada.

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At this time, Cleveland saw the rise of radical labor movements, most prominently the Industrial Workers of the World, in response to the conditions of the largely immigrant and migrant workers.

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Cleveland was hit hard by the Wall Street Crash of 1929 and the subsequent Great Depression.

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However, by the 1960s, Cleveland's economy began to slow down, and residents increasingly sought new housing in the suburbs, reflecting the national trends of suburban growth following federally subsidized highways.

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The burning of the Cuyahoga River in June 1969 brought national attention to the issue of industrial pollution in Cleveland and served as a catalyst for the American environmental movement.

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In November 1967, Cleveland became the first major American city to elect an African American mayor, Carl B Stokes, who served from 1968 to 1971 and played an instrumental role in restoring the Cuyahoga River.

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In December 1978, during the turbulent tenure of Dennis Kucinich as mayor, Cleveland became the first major American city since the Great Depression to enter into a financial default on federal loans.

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Cleveland City Planning Commission has officially designated 34 neighborhoods in Cleveland.

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The presence of Hungarians within Cleveland proper was, at one time, so great that the city boasted the highest concentration of Hungarians in the world outside of Budapest.

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Cleveland has a long-established Jewish community, historically centered on the East Side neighborhoods of Glenville and Kinsman, but now mostly concentrated in East Side suburbs such as Cleveland Heights and Beachwood, home to the Maltz Museum of Jewish Heritage.

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Between 1910 and 1970, the black population of Cleveland, largely concentrated on the city's East Side, increased significantly as a result of the First and Second Great Migrations.

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Recent waves of immigration have brought new groups to Cleveland, including Ethiopians and South Asians, as well as immigrants from Russia and the former USSR, Southeast Europe, the Middle East, East Asia, and Latin America.

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Cleveland Clinic is the largest private employer in the city of Cleveland and the state of Ohio, with a workforce of over 50, 000 as of 2019.

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Cleveland proper is home to several private and parochial schools.

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Cleveland's oversaw the construction of the library's main building on Superior Avenue, designed by Walker and Weeks and opened on May 6, 1925.

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Cleveland is home to Playhouse Square, the second largest performing arts center in the United States behind New York City's Lincoln Center.

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Outside Playhouse Square, Cleveland is home to Karamu House, the oldest African American theater in the nation, established in 1915.

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Cleveland is home to the Cleveland Orchestra, widely considered one of the world's finest orchestras, and often referred to as the finest in the nation.

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The Cleveland Orchestra plays at Severance Hall in University Circle during the winter and at Blossom Music Center in Cuyahoga Falls during the summer.

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Cleveland gained a strong reputation in rock music in the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s as a key breakout market for nationally promoted acts and performers.

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Cleveland has served as the setting for many major studio and independent films, and, early in American film history, it was even a center for film production.

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The first film shot in Cleveland was in 1897 by the company of Ohioan Thomas Edison.

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Downtown Cleveland doubled for New York in Spider-Man 3 and the climax of The Avengers (2012).

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Future Cleveland productions are handled by the Greater Cleveland Film Commission at the Leader Building on Superior Avenue.

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At Central High, Hughes was taught by Helen Maria Chesnutt, daughter of renowned Cleveland-born African American novelist Charles W Chesnutt.

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Cleveland wrote for the school newspaper and started writing his earlier plays, poems and short stories while living in Cleveland.

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Cleveland's adolescence was divided between Cleveland and Akron before he moved to New York City in 1916.

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Cleveland was the home of Joe Shuster and Jerry Siegel, who created the comic book character Superman in 1932.

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In 1925, Soviet futurist poet Vladimir Mayakovsky came to Cleveland and gave a "fiery poetry recitation" to the city's ethnic working class, as part of his trip to the United States.

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Cleveland is the site of the Anisfield-Wolf Book Award, established by poet and philanthropist Edith Anisfield Wolf in 1935, which recognizes books that have made important contributions to the understanding of racism and human diversity.

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The Cleveland Museum of Art is a major American art museum, with a collection that includes more than 40, 000 works of art ranging over 6, 000 years, from ancient masterpieces to contemporary pieces.

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The Museum of Contemporary Art Cleveland showcases established and emerging artists, particularly from the Cleveland area, through hosting and producing temporary exhibitions.

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German, Irish, Jewish, and Italian American cuisines are prominent in Cleveland, as are Lebanese, Greek, Chinese, and numerous other ethnic cuisines.

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Cleveland has plenty of corned beef, with nationally renowned Slyman's, on the near East Side, a perennial winner of various accolades from Esquire Magazine, including being named the best corned beef sandwich in America in 2008.

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Cleveland has had a long history of brewing, tied to many of its ethnic immigrants, and in recent decades has reemerged as a regional leader in production.

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Cleveland is home to expansions from other countries, including the Scottish BrewDog and German Hofbrauhaus.

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Cleveland Guardians, known as the Indians from 1915 to 2021, won the World Series in 1920 and 1948.

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Previously, the Cleveland Rosenblums dominated the original American Basketball League winning three of the first five championships, and the Cleveland Pipers, owned by George Steinbrenner, won the American Basketball League championship in 1962.

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Cleveland participated in the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, where he achieved international fame by winning four gold medals.

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In recent years, Cleveland has been working to address the issue of harmful algal blooms on Lake Erie, fed primarily by agricultural runoff, which have presented new environmental challenges for the city and for northern Ohio.

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Cleveland is a major stronghold for the Democratic Party in Ohio.

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Cleveland's resting place is the James A Garfield Memorial in Cleveland's Lake View Cemetery.

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The city of Cleveland supported Kerry over Bush by the even larger margin of 83.

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Cleveland hosted three Republican national conventions in its history, in 1924, 1936, and 2016.

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Cleveland has not hosted a national convention for the Democrats, despite the position of Cuyahoga County as a Democratic stronghold in Ohio.

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Cleveland has hosted several national election debates, including the second 1980 U S Presidential debate, the 2004 U S Vice-Presidential debate, one 2008 Democratic primary debate, and the first 2020 U S Presidential debate.

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Cleveland is served by the firefighters of the Cleveland Division of Fire, established in 1863.

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Cleveland EMS is operated by the city as its own municipal third-service EMS division.

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Cleveland is the 19th-largest television market by Nielsen Media Research.

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Cleveland is directly served by 29 AM and FM radio stations, 21 of which are licensed to the city.

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Cleveland is home to a number of hospital systems, some of which are in University Circle.

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Cleveland has a bus and rail mass transit system operated by the Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority.

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In 1968, Cleveland became the first city in the nation to have a direct rail transit connection linking the city's downtown to its major airport.

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Cleveland is the only metropolitan area in the Western Hemisphere with its rail rapid transit system having only one center-city area rapid transit station.

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City of Cleveland has a higher than average percentage of households without a car.

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Cleveland is served by two three-digit interstates, Interstate 480, which enters Cleveland briefly at a few points and Interstate 490, which connects I-77 with the junction of I-90 and I-71 just south of downtown.

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Cleveland Hopkins is a significant regional air freight hub hosting FedEx Express, UPS Airlines, United States Postal Service, and major commercial freight carriers.

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Port of Cleveland, at the Cuyahoga River's mouth, is a major bulk freight and container terminal on Lake Erie, receiving much of the raw materials used by the region's manufacturing industries.

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Cleveland has a long history as a major railroad hub in the United States.

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Cleveland was identified as a hub for the now-suspended Ohio Hub project, which would bring high-speed rail to Ohio.

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Megabus provides service to Cleveland and has a stop at the Stephanie Tubbs Jones Transit Center on the east side of downtown.

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Cleveland is home to the Consulate General of the Republic of Slovenia, which, until Slovene independence in 1991, served as an official consulate for Tito's Yugoslavia.

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