66 Facts About Budapest


Budapest became the co-capital of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, a great power that dissolved in 1918, following World War I The city was the focal point of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848, the Battle of Budapest in 1945, as well as the Hungarian Revolution of 1956.

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Budapest is a Beta + global city with strengths in commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education and entertainment.

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Budapest is the headquarters of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology, the European Police College and the first foreign office of the China Investment Promotion Agency.

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Budapest became an important center for the Aromanian diaspora during the 19th century.

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In 1944, a year before the end of World War II, Budapest was partly destroyed by British and American air raids.

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Budapest sustained major damage caused by the attacking Soviet and Romanian troops and the defending German and Hungarian troops.

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Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg saved the lives of tens of thousands of Jews in Budapest by giving them Swedish protection papers and taking them under his consular protection.

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Budapest, strategically placed at the centre of the Carpathian Basin, lies on an ancient route linking the hills of Transdanubia with the Great Plain.

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Budapest is one of only three capital cities in the world which has thermal springs.

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The autumn in Budapest is characterised by little rain and long sunny days with moderate temperatures.

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Budapest has architecturally noteworthy buildings in a wide range of styles and from distinct time periods, from the ancient times as Roman City of Aquincum in Obuda, which dates to around 89 AD, to the most modern Palace of Arts, the contemporary arts museum and concert hall.

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Today, many of the original renaissance buildings disappeared during the varied history of Buda, but Budapest is still rich in renaissance and neo-renaissance buildings, like the famous Hungarian State Opera House, St Stephen's Basilica and the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.

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At one point the distinct sloping central square in Budapest became a bustling Oriental bazaar, which was filled with "the chatter of camel caravans on their way to Yemen and India".

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Budapest is in fact one of the few places in the world with functioning original Turkish bathhouses dating back to the 16th century, like Rudas Baths or Kiraly Baths.

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Budapest is home to the northernmost place where the tomb of influential Islamic Turkish Sufi Dervish, Gul Baba is found.

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An interesting part of Budapest is the less touristy Obuda, the main square of which has some beautiful preserved historic buildings with Baroque facades.

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Budapest had not one but two architects that were masters of the Classicist style.

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Originally Budapest had 10 districts after coming into existence upon the unification of the three cities in 1873.

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Budapest is the most populous city in Hungary and one of the largest cities in the European Union, with a growing number of inhabitants, estimated at 1, 763, 913 in 2019, whereby inward migration exceeds outward migration.

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Higher incomes in Budapest are reflected in the lower share of expenditure the city's inhabitants allocate to necessity spending such as food and non-alcoholic drinks.

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Budapest is a significant economic hub, classified as an Beta + world city in the study by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network and it is the second fastest-developing urban economy in Europe as GDP per capita in the city increased by 2.

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Budapest is among the Top100 GDP performing cities in the world, measured by PricewaterhouseCoopers.

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Budapest is home not only to almost all national institutions and government agencies, but to many domestic and international companies, in 2014 there are 395.

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Budapest has notable innovation capabilities as a technology and start-up hub.

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Budapest is the highest ranked Central and Eastern European city on Innovation Cities' Top 100 index.

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Budapest is among the 25 most visited cities in the world, the city welcoming more than 4.

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Large Hungarian multinational corporations headquartered in Budapest are listed on BSE, for instance the Fortune Global 500 firm MOL Group, the OTP Bank, FHB Bank, Gedeon Richter, Magyar Telekom, CIG Pannonia, Zwack Unicum and more.

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Nowadays nearly all branches of industry can be found in Budapest, there is no particularly special industry in the city's economy, but the financial centre role of the city is strong, nearly 40 major banks are presented in the city, those like Bank of China, KDB Bank and Hanwha Bank, which is unique in the region.

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Budapest has one of the best public transport systems in Europe with an efficient network of buses, trolleys, trams and subway.

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Budapest has an above-average proportion of people commuting on public transport or walking and cycling for European cities.

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The homicide rate in Budapest is below the EU capital cities' average according to WHO.

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Budapest has been a metropolitan municipality with a mayor-council form of government since its consolidation in 1873, but Budapest holds a special status as a county-level government, and special within that, as holds a capital-city territory status.

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Mayor of Budapest is Gergely Karacsony who was elected on 13 October 2019.

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Budapest is widely known for its well-kept pre-war cityscape, with a great variety of streets and landmarks in classical architecture.

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The seven-hundred-year-old Matthias Church is one of the jewels of Budapest, it is in neo-Gothic style, decorated with coloured shingles and elegant pinnacles.

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The synagogue is located in the Jewish district taking up several blocks in central Budapest bordered by Kiraly utca, Wesselenyi utca, Grand Boulevard and Bajcsy Zsilinszky road.

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Tourists visiting Budapest can receive free maps and information from the nonprofit Budapest Festival and Tourism Center at its info-points.

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In Budapest there are many smaller and larger squares, the most significant of which are Heroes' Square, Kossuth Square, Liberty Square, St Stephen's Square, Ferenc Deak Square, Vorosmarty Square, Erzsebet Square, St George's Square and Szechenyi Istvan Square.

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Budapest has many municipal parks and most have playgrounds for children and seasonal activities like skating in the winter and boating in the summer.

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Budapest has a complex park system, with various lands operated by the Budapest City Gardening Ltd.

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The wealth of greenspace afforded by Budapest's parks is further augmented by a network of open spaces containing forest, streams, and lakes that are set aside as natural areas which lie not far from the inner city, including the Budapest Zoo and Botanical Garden in the City Park.

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The most notable and popular parks in Budapest are the City Park which was established in 1751 along with Andrassy Avenue, the Margaret Island in the Danube (238 acres or 96 hectares), the People's Park, the Romai Part, and the Kopaszi Dam.

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Budapest gained its reputation as a city of spas in the 1920s, following the first realisation of the economic potential of the thermal waters in drawing in visitors.

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Budapest is served by Budapest Ferenc Liszt International Airport (named after Franz Liszt, the notable Hungarian composer), one of the busiest airports in Central and Eastern Europe, located 16 kilometres (9.

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Public transit in Budapest is provided by the Centre for Budapest Transport, one of the largest transportation authorities in Europe.

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Budapest is the most important Hungarian road terminus, all of the major highways and railways end within the city limits.

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Ring road M0 around Budapest is nearly completed, with only one section missing on the west side due to local disputes.

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Budapest is one of the main stops of the on its Central and Eastern European route.

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The river is easily navigable and so Budapest historically has a major commercial port at Csepel District and at New Pest District.

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Budapest is an important center for music, film, theatre, dance and visual art.

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Budapest was named "City of Design" in December 2015 and has been a member of UNESCO Creative Cities Network since then.

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In Budapest there are 837 monuments, which represent the most of the European artistic style.

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In Budapest there are forty theatres, seven concert halls and an opera house.

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The Budapest Pride occurs annually across the city, and usually involves a parade on the Andrassy Avenue.

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Budapest has one of the more active jazz scenes in Central Europe.

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Budapest is one of the few cities in the world with a high school for learning folk dance.

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Budapest is home to a fashion week twice a year, where the city's fashion designers and houses present their collections and provide a meeting place for the fashion industry representatives.

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Budapest is a prominent location for the Hungarian entertainment industry, with many films, television series, books, and other media set there.

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Budapest is the largest centre for film and television production in Hungary.

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Budapest is the media centre of Hungary, and the location of the main headquarters of Hungarian Television and other local and national TV and radio stations, such as M1, M2, Duna TV, Duna World, RTL Klub, TV2, Euronews, Comedy Central, MTV Hungary, VIVA Hungary, Viasat 3, Cool TV, and Pro4, and politics and news channels such as Hir TV, ATV, and Echo TV.

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Budapest restaurants reflect diversity, with menus carrying traditional regional cuisine, fusions of various culinary influences, or innovating in the leading edge of new techniques.

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Besides these, Budapest was the home of many European-level tournaments, like 2006 European Aquatics Championships, 2010 European Aquatics Championships, 2010 UEFA Futsal Championship, 2013 European Judo Championships, 2013 European Karate Championships and will be the host of 2023 World Championships in Athletics and 4 matches in the UEFA Euro 2020, which will be held in the 67, 215-seat new multi-purpose Puskas Ferenc Stadium, to mention a few.

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Budapest has lost several bids to host the games, in 1916, 1920, 1936, 1944, and 1960 to Berlin, Antwerp, London, and Rome, respectively.

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Budapest is home to two four-star UEFA stadiums: Puskas Arena, Groupama Arena, and two three-star UEFA stadiums: Hidegkuti Nandor Stadion and Bozsik Arena.

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Budapest is home to over 35 higher education institutions, many of which are universities.

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Budapest has quite a few sister cities and many partner cities around the world.

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