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68 Facts About Moses
Biblical account of Moses' birth provides him with a folk etymology to explain the ostensible meaning of his name.
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Pharaoh had commanded that all male Hebrew children born would be drowned in the river Nile, but Moses' mother placed him in an ark and concealed the ark in the bulrushes by the riverbank, where the baby was discovered and adopted by Pharaoh's daughter, and raised as an Egyptian.
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One day, after Moses had reached adulthood, he killed an Egyptian who was beating a Hebrew.
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However, since Moses remained a long time on the mountain, some of the people feared that he might be dead, so they made a statue of a golden calf and worshipped it, thus disobeying and angering God and Moses.
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Moses wrote the ten commandments on a new set of tablets.
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Moses was twice given notice that he would die before entry to the Promised Land: in Numbers 27:13, once he had seen the Promised Land from a viewpoint on Mount Abarim, and again in Numbers 31:1 once battle with the Midianites had been won.
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Moses then went up Mount Nebo, looked over the Promised Land spread out before him, and died, at the age of one hundred and twenty.
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Moses is honoured among Jews today as the "lawgiver of Israel", and he delivers several sets of laws in the course of the four books.
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However, according to Solomon Nigosian, there are actually three prevailing views among biblical scholars: one is that Moses is not a historical figure, another view strives to anchor the decisive role he played in Israelite religion, and a third that argues there are elements of both history and legend from which "these issues are hotly debated unresolved matters among scholars".
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Oxford Biblical Studies states that although few modern scholars are willing to support the traditional view that Moses himself wrote the five books of the Torah, there are certainly those who regard the leadership of Moses as too firmly based in Israel's corporate memory to be dismissed as pious fiction.
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Martin Noth argued that the Pentateuch uses the figure of Moses, originally linked to legends of a Transjordan conquest, as a narrative bracket or late redactional device to weld together four of the five, originally independent, themes of that work.
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Rudolf Smend argues that the two details about Moses that were most likely to be historical are his name, of Egyptian origin, and his marriage to a Midianite woman, details which seem unlikely to have been invented by the Israelites; in Smend's view, all other details given in the biblical narrative are too mythically charged to be seen as accurate data.
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An Egyptian version of the tale that crosses over with the Moses story is found in Manetho who, according to the summary in Josephus, wrote that a certain Osarseph, a Heliopolitan priest, became overseer of a band of lepers, when Amenophis, following indications by Amenhotep, son of Hapu, had all the lepers in Egypt quarantined in order to cleanse the land so that he might see the gods.
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All that remains of his description of Moses are two references made by Diodorus Siculus, wherein, writes historian Arthur Droge, he "describes Moses as a wise and courageous leader who left Egypt and colonized Judaea".
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Finally, after having escaped another plot by killing the assailant sent by the king, Moses fled to Arabia, where he married the daughter of Raguel [Jethro], the ruler of the district.
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Moses describes Moses as 80 years old, "tall and ruddy, with long white hair, and dignified".
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Moses writes, for example, that Moses opposed the picturing of the deity in the form of man or animal, and was convinced that the deity was an entity which encompassed everything – land and sea:.
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An Egyptian priest named Moses, who possessed a portion of the country called the Lower Egypt, being dissatisfied with the established institutions there, left it and came to Judaea with a large body of people who worshipped the Divinity.
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Moses refers to Moses simply as "the prophet", exactly as for him Homer is the poet.
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Moses is attributed the names Toviah, and Levi, Heman, Mechoqeiq, and Ehl Gav Ish .
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Moses named the princess who adopted Moses as Merris, wife of Pharaoh Chenephres.
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Moses is mentioned more often in the New Testament than any other Old Testament figure.
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When he met the Pharisee Nicodemus at night in the third chapter of the Gospel of John, he compared Moses's lifting up of the bronze serpent in the wilderness, which any Israelite could look at and be healed, to his own lifting up for the people to look at and be healed.
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Moses forsook the king's court so as to help his persecuted brethren; the Son of God left the glory of heaven to save us sinners.
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Moses was the advocate of his people; Jesus was our advocate with His Father on the Cross, and is eternally so in heaven.
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Moses was the law-giver of his people and announced to them the word of God: Jesus Christ is the supreme law-giver, and not only announced God's word, but is Himself the Eternal Word made flesh.
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Moses was the leader of the people to the Promised Land: Jesus is our leader on our journey to heaven.
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However, in addition to accepting the biblical account of Moses, Mormons include Selections from the Book of Moses as part of their scriptural canon.
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Moses's convinced the Pharaoh to keep him as their son because they were not blessed with any children.
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Moses is described as having been "for a long time a shepherd in the wilderness", of having had a stammer, and of being "much hated and detested" by Pharaoh and the ancient Egyptians of his time.
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Moses is said to have been raised in an oppressive household, and to have been known, in Egypt, as a man who had committed murder – though he had done so in order to prevent an act of cruelty.
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Moses is viewed as the one who bestowed on Israel "the religious and the civil law" which gave them "honour among all nations", and which spread their fame to different parts of the world.
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Furthermore, through the law, Moses is believed to have led the Hebrews "to the highest possible degree of civilization at that period".
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Moses is further seen as paving the way for Baha'u'llah and his ultimate revelation, and as a teacher of truth, whose teachings were in line with the customs of his time.
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Moses inspired the Pilgrims with a "sense of earthly grandeur and divine purpose", notes historian Jon Meacham, and was called the "Moses of the Pilgrims".
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Moses feared that the remaining Pilgrims would not survive the hardships of the new land, with half their people having already died within months of arriving.
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Experts at the Archaeological Institute of America show that the term was used when Moses "returned to his people after seeing as much of the Glory of the Lord as human eye could stand", and his face "reflected radiance".
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Moses is depicted in several U S government buildings because of his legacy as a lawgiver.
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Moses is one of the 23 lawgivers depicted in marble bas-reliefs in the chamber of the U S House of Representatives in the United States Capitol.
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Moses appears eight times in carvings that ring the Supreme Court Great Hall ceiling.
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Paine considered Moses to be a "detestable villain", and cited Numbers 31 as an example of his "unexampled atrocities".
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When Saphrus reigned as the fourteenth king of Assyria, and Orthopolis as the twelfth of Sicyon, and Criasus as the fifth of Argos, Moses was born in Egypt,.
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