101 Facts About Benjamin Franklin

1. Benjamin Franklin was shocked by the mobs that effectively prevented enforcement of the Stamp Act everywhere in North America.

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2. Benjamin Franklin sent piecemeal reports of his ideas and experiments to Peter Collinson, his Quaker correspondent in London.

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3. Benjamin Franklin contributed much to the growth of the United States.

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4. Benjamin Franklin is the only founding father that signed all four key documents that led to the formation of the United States.

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5. Benjamin Franklin is known for publishing Poor Richard's Almanac, which included the advice, "Early to bed, early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise.

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6. Benjamin Franklin designed one of the first American coins, and instead of saying "In God we Trust", it said "Mind your Business.

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7. Benjamin Franklin was the first ambassador received by a foreign government, France.

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8. Benjamin Franklin spent 27 years of his life living in other countries.

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9. Benjamin Franklin had such influence in US that he was called "The only President of the US who was never President of the US".

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10. Benjamin Franklin was the oldest delegate at the age of 81 to sign the Constitution.

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11. Benjamin Franklin was many things including inventor, entrepreneur and one of the founding fathers who drafted the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution of the United States, and he was hero of American Revolution.

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12. Benjamin Franklin was the 15th of Josiah Franklin's 17 children.

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13. Benjamin Franklin was a writer, publisher, scientist, inventor and diplomat.

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14. Benjamin Franklin was elected in 1787 to represent Pennsylvania at the Constitutional Convention, which drafted and ratified the new US Constitution.

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15. Benjamin Franklin fanned the flames of revolution by sending the private letters of Massachusetts Governor Thomas Hutchinson to America.

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16. Benjamin Franklin sailed to London to negotiate a long-standing dispute with the proprietors of the colony, the Penn family, taking William and his two slaves but leaving behind Deborah and Sarah.

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17. Benjamin Franklin served as president of the Pennsylvania Society for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery and wrote many tracts urging the abolition of slavery.

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18. Benjamin Franklin amassed real estate and businesses and organized the volunteer Union Fire Company to counteract dangerous fire hazards in Philadelphia.

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19. Benjamin Franklin would not return home before Deborah passed away in 1774 from a stroke at the age of 66.

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20. Benjamin Franklin was never elected President of the United States.

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21. Benjamin Franklin discovered the Gulf Stream after his return trip across the Atlantic Ocean from London in 1775.

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22. Benjamin Franklin was a Founding Father and a polymath, inventor, scientist, printer, politician, freemason and diplomat.

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23. Benjamin Franklin had a lifelong love of swimming that began during his childhood in Boston.

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24. Benjamin Franklin left Boston and Philadelphia an unusual gift in his will.

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25. Benjamin Franklin capitalized on the French conception of Americans as rustic frontiersmen by dressing plainly and wearing a fur hat, which soon became his trademark and appeared in countless French portraits and medallions.

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26. Benjamin Franklin designed a musical instrument used by Mozart and Beethoven.

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27. Benjamin Franklin spent just two years attending Boston Latin School and a private academy before joining the family candle and soap making business.

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28. Benjamin Franklin bequeathed £1,000 each to the cities of Boston and Philadelphia, in trust to gather interest for 200 years.

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29. Benjamin Franklin prayed to "Powerful Goodness" and referred to God as "the infinite".

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30. Benjamin Franklin formulated a presentation of his beliefs and published it in 1728.

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31. Benjamin Franklin donated £200 towards the development of Franklin College.

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32. Benjamin Franklin is the only Founding Father who is a signatory of all four of the major documents of the founding of the United States: the Declaration of Independence, the Treaty of Alliance with France, the Treaty of Paris and the United States Constitution.

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33. Benjamin Franklin held an honorary position and seldom engaged in debate.

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34. Benjamin Franklin eventually became president of the Pennsylvania Abolition Society.

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35. Benjamin Franklin conducted the affairs of his country toward the French nation with great success, which included securing a critical military alliance in 1778 and negotiating the Treaty of Paris.

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36. Benjamin Franklin took with him as secretary his 16-year-old grandson, William Temple Franklin.

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37. Benjamin Franklin had just returned from England and was appointed chairman of a Committee of Investigation to establish a postal system.

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38. Benjamin Franklin reorganized the service's accounting system, then improved speed of delivery between Philadelphia, New York and Boston.

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39. Benjamin Franklin provided an early response to British surveillance through his own network of counter-surveillance and manipulation.

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40. Benjamin Franklin met with the Paxton leaders and persuaded them to disperse.

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41. Benjamin Franklin said local governments had raised, outfitted and paid 25,000 soldiers to fight France—as many as Britain itself sent—and spent many millions from American treasuries doing so in the French and Indian War alone.

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42. Benjamin Franklin declared a debt of gratitude to German scientist Otto von Guericke for his early studies of electricity.

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43. Benjamin Franklin was the first American to receive this honor.

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44. Benjamin Franklin had never been to Ireland before, and met and stayed with Lord Hillsborough, who he believed was especially attentive.

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45. Benjamin Franklin managed to secure an appointed post for his illegitimate son, William Franklin, by then an attorney, as Colonial Governor of New Jersey.

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46. Benjamin Franklin was awarded an honorary doctorate by Oxford University in 1762.

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47. Benjamin Franklin belonged to a gentleman's club, which held stated meetings, and included members such as Richard Price, the minister of Newington Green Unitarian Church who ignited the Revolution Controversy, and Andrew Kippis.

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48. Benjamin Franklin lodged in a house in Craven Street, just off The Strand in central London.

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49. Benjamin Franklin wrote popular essays on behalf of the colonies.

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50. Benjamin Franklin used Tun Tavern as a gathering place to recruit a regiment of soldiers to go into battle against the Native American uprisings that beset the American colonies.

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51. Benjamin Franklin solicited, printed in 1752, and promoted an American textbook of moral philosophy by Samuel Johnson, titled Elementa Philosophica, to be taught in the new colleges to replace courses in denominational divinity.

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52. Benjamin Franklin created a partnership with his foreman, David Hall, which provided Franklin with half of the shop's profits for 18 years.

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53. Benjamin Franklin was influential in the more restrained and thus successful monetary experiments in the Middle Colonies, which stopped deflation without causing excessive inflation.

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54. Benjamin Franklin was playing chess by around 1733, making him the first chess player known by name in the American colonies.

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55. Benjamin Franklin composed music, notably a string quartet in early classical style.

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56. Benjamin Franklin studied the effects on a large pond in Clapham Common, London.

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57. Benjamin Franklin calculated that America's population was doubling every twenty years and would surpass that of England in a century.

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58. Benjamin Franklin sold about ten thousand copies per year—it became an institution.

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59. Benjamin Franklin settled in London, never to return to North America.

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60. Benjamin Franklin became leader of the Board of Associated Loyalists—a quasi-military organization, headquartered in New York City.

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61. Benjamin Franklin was the Secretary of St John's Lodge in Philadelphia from 1735 to 1738.

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62. Benjamin Franklin became a Grand Master in 1734, indicating his rapid rise to prominence in Pennsylvania.

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63. Benjamin Franklin tried to influence American moral life through construction of a printing network based on a chain of partnerships from the Carolinas to New England.

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64. Benjamin Franklin worked for his father for a time, and at 12 he became an apprentice to his brother James, a printer, who taught Ben the printing trade.

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65. Benjamin Franklin organized and was the first secretary of the American Philosophical Society and was elected president in 1769.

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66. Benjamin Franklin became wealthy publishing this and Poor Richard's Almanack, which he authored under the pseudonym "Richard Saunders".

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67. Benjamin Franklin founded many civic organizations, including the Library Company, Philadelphia's first fire department and the University of Pennsylvania.

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68. Benjamin Franklin wanted to make the turkey—"honest and respectable"—our national symbol.

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69. Benjamin Franklin said there were only two things certain in life: death and taxes.

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70. Benjamin Franklin said, "Nothing is certain except death and taxes.

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71. Benjamin Franklin invited Dashkova to become the first woman to join the American Philosophical Society; she was the only woman so honored for another 80 years.

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72. Benjamin Franklin appeared on the first US postage stamp issued in 1847.

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73. Benjamin Franklin is a prominent figure in American history comparable to Washington, Jefferson and Lincoln, and as such he has been honored on US postage stamps many times.

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74. John Adams noted that Benjamin Franklin was a mirror in which people saw their own religion: "The Catholics thought him almost a Catholic.

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75. When he stopped attending church, Benjamin Franklin wrote in his autobiography:.

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76. Benjamin Franklin published all of Whitefield's sermons and journals, thereby earning a lot of money and boosting the Great Awakening.

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77. Benjamin Franklin was an enthusiastic supporter of the evangelical minister George Whitefield during the First Great Awakening.

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78. Benjamin Franklin learned about forming do-good associations from Cotton Mather, but his organizational skills made him the most influential force in making voluntarism an enduring part of the American ethos.

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79. When he returned home in 1785, Benjamin Franklin occupied a position only second to that of George Washington as the champion of American independence.

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80. For the greater part of his appointment, Benjamin Franklin lived in England—about three-quarters of his term.

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81. Benjamin Franklin wrote a scathing attack against the racial prejudice of the Paxton Boys.

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82. Benjamin Franklin helped to organize a local militia to defend the capital against the mob.

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83. Benjamin Franklin sent them to America, where they escalated the tensions.

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84. Benjamin Franklin became the American spokesman in highly publicized testimony in Parliament in 1766.

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85. Benjamin Franklin co-authored the first treaty of friendship between Prussia and America in 1785.

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86. Benjamin Franklin spent two months in German lands in 1766, but his connections to the country stretched across a lifetime.

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87. Benjamin Franklin feared that America could suffer the same effects should Britain's "colonial exploitation" continue.

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88. From the mid 1750s to the mid 1770s, Benjamin Franklin spent much of his time in London.

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89. Benjamin Franklin proposed a broad Plan of Union for the colonies.

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90. Benjamin Franklin solicited, printed in 1752, and promoted an American textbook of moral philosophy from the American Dr Samuel Johnson titled Elementa Philosophica to be taught in the new colleges to replace courses in denominational divinity.

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91. As he matured, Benjamin Franklin began to concern himself more with public affairs.

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92. Throughout his career, Benjamin Franklin was an advocate for paper money, publishing A Modest Enquiry into the Nature and Necessity of a Paper Currency in 1729, and his printer printed money.

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93. Benjamin Franklin was inducted into the US Chess Hall of Fame in 1999.

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94. Benjamin Franklin was, along with his contemporary Leonhard Euler, the only major scientist who supported Christiaan Huygens's wave theory of light, which was basically ignored by the rest of the scientific community.

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95. Benjamin Franklin published his Gulf Stream chart in 1770 in England, where it was completely ignored.

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96. Benjamin Franklin worked with Folger and other experienced ship captains, learning enough to chart the current and name it the Gulf Stream, by which it is still known today.

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97. Benjamin Franklin put the question to his cousin Timothy Folger, a Nantucket whaler captain, who told him that merchant ships routinely avoided a strong eastbound mid-ocean current.

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98. In the 1730s and 1740s, Benjamin Franklin began taking notes on population growth, finding that the American population had the fastest growth rate on earth.

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99. Benjamin Franklin had a major influence on the emerging science of demography, or population studies.

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100. Benjamin Franklin advised Harvard University in its acquisition of new electrical laboratory apparatus after the complete loss of its original collection, in a fire which destroyed the original Harvard Hall in 1764.

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101. Benjamin Franklin started exploring the phenomenon of electricity in 1746 when he saw some of Archibald Spencer's lectures using static electricity for illustrations.

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