52 Facts About Slovenia


Slovenia is mostly mountainous and forested, covers 20, 271 square kilometres, and has a population of 2.

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Slovenia has a predominantly temperate continental climate, with the exception of the Slovene Littoral and the Julian Alps.

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Ljubljana, the capital and largest city of Slovenia, is geographically situated near the centre of the country.

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Slovenia has historically been the crossroads of Slavic, Germanic, and Romance languages and cultures.

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In June 1991, Slovenia became the first republic to split from Yugoslavia and become an independent sovereign state.

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Slovenia is a developed country, with a high-income economy ranking highly in the Human Development Index.

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Slovenia's name means 'land of the Slovenes' in Slovene and other South Slavic languages.

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On 8 March 1990, SR Slovenia removed the prefix "Socialist" from its name, becoming the Republic of Slovenia; it remained a part of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia until 25 June 1991.

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Slovenia was the only present-day European nation that was trisected and completely annexed into both Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy during World War II.

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Particularly in the 1950s, Slovenia's economy developed rapidly and was strongly industrialized.

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Until the 1980s, Slovenia enjoyed relatively broad autonomy within the federation.

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On 25 June 1991, Slovenia became independent through the passage of appropriate legal documents.

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Slovenia participated in the war in Afghanistan from 2001 to 2021 as part of the U S -led War on Terror.

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Slovenia has one Commissioner in the European Commission, and seven Slovene parliamentarians were elected to the European Parliament at elections on 13 June 2004.

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Slovenia subsequently succeeded in meeting the Maastricht criteria and joined the Eurozone on 1 January 2007.

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Slovenia is situated in Central and Southeast Europe touching the Alps and bordering the Mediterranean Sea.

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Slovenia is in a rather active seismic zone because of its position on the small Adriatic Plate, which is squeezed between the Eurasian Plate to the north and the African Plate to the south and rotates counter-clockwise.

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Many parts of Slovenia have a carbonate bedrock and extensive cave systems have developed.

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Additionally, according to Yale University's Environmental Performance Index, Slovenia is considered a "strong performer" in environmental protection efforts.

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However, this does not mean that Slovenia has no problems with surface water and groundwater quality, especially in areas with intensive farming.

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Slovenia signed the Rio Convention on Biological Diversity on 13 June 1992 and became a party to the convention on 9 July 1996.

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Slovenia is distinguished by an exceptionally wide variety of habitats, due to the contact of geological units and biogeographical regions, and due to human influences.

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Slovenia had a 2019 Forest Landscape Integrity Index mean score of 3.

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Slovenia is home to an exceptionally diverse number of cave species, with a few tens of endemic species.

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Slovenia is the third most-forested country in Europe, with 58.

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Slovenia is a parliamentary democracy republic with a multi-party system.

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Executive and administrative authority in Slovenia is held by the Government of Slovenia, headed by the Prime Minister and the council of ministers or cabinet, who are elected by the National Assembly.

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On 25 May 2022, Slovenia's parliament voted to appoint the leader of Freedom Movement, Robert Golob, as the new Prime Minister of Slovenia to succeed Janez Jansa.

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Judicial powers in Slovenia are executed by judges, who are elected by the National Assembly.

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Judicial power in Slovenia is implemented by courts with general responsibilities and specialised courts that deal with matters relating to specific legal areas.

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In 2022 Slovenia joined a list of nations banning Russian aircraft from its airspace as a sanction against it for invading Ukraine.

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Slovenia has a developed economy and is the richest Slavic country by GDP per capita.

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Slovenia is among the top global economies in terms of human capital.

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Slovenia was in the beginning of 2007 the first new member to introduce the euro as its currency, replacing the tolar.

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Slovenia offers tourists a wide variety of natural and cultural amenities.

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In 2016, Slovenia was declared the world's first green country by the Netherlands-based organization Green Destinations.

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On being declared the most sustainable country in 2016, Slovenia had a big part to play at the ITB Berlin to promote sustainable tourism.

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Slovenia has a very high highway and motorway density compared to the European Union average.

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Air transport in Slovenia is quite low, but has significantly grown since 1991.

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Slovenia is among the European countries with the most pronounced ageing of its population, ascribable to a low birth rate and increasing life expectancy.

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In 2009, the suicide rate in Slovenia was 22 per 100, 000 persons per year, which places Slovenia among the highest ranked European countries in this regard.

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Significant number of people in Slovenia speak a variant of Serbo-Croatian as their native language.

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In 2007, Slovenia had one of the fastest growing net migration rates in the European Union.

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Slovenia is the home of the world's oldest vine, which is 400 years old.

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Slovenia has been awarded the European Region of Gastronomy title for the year 2021.

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Harmony singing is a deep rooted tradition in Slovenia, and is at least three-part singing, while in some regions even up to eight-part singing (nine voices).

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Theater has a rich tradition in Slovenia, starting with the 1867 first ever Slovene-language drama performance.

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Slovenia'storically, painting and sculpture in Slovenia was in the late 18th and the 19th century marked by Neoclassicism, Biedermeier (Giuseppe Tominz) and Romanticism (Michael Stroy).

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The first art exhibition in Slovenia was organized in the late 19th century by Ivana Kobilca, a woman-painter who worked in realistic tradition.

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Individual sports are very popular in Slovenia, including tennis and mountaineering, which are two of the most widespread sporting activities in Slovenia.

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Prominent team sports in Slovenia include football, basketball, handball, volleyball, and ice hockey.

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Slovenia was the hosts of the 2004 European Championship, where the national team won the silver medal.

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