16 Facts About Hesse


The American English term "Hessian" for 18th-century British auxiliary troops originates with Landgrave Frederick II of Hesse-Kassel hiring out regular army units to the government of Great Britain to fight in the American Revolutionary War.

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Territory of Hesse was delineated only in 1945, as Greater Hesse, under American occupation.

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An early Celtic presence in what is Hesse is indicated by a mid-5th-century BC La Tene-style burial uncovered at Glauberg.

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The region was later settled by the Germanic Chatti tribe around the 1st century BC, and the name Hesse is a continuation of that tribal name.

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Hesse combined Enlightenment ideas with Christian values, cameralist plans for central control of the economy, and a militaristic approach toward diplomacy.

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The rest of its territory was annexed to the Kingdom of Westphalia in 1807; Hesse-Hanau was annexed to the Grand Duchy of Frankfurt in 1810 along with the other territories held by the Prince-primate: Frankfurt, Fulda, Aschaffenburg and Wetzlar.

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However, Upper Hesse was incorporated into the North German Confederation, a tight federation of German states established by Prussia in 1867.

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Until 1907, the Grand Duchy of Hesse used the Hessian red and white lion barry as its coat-of-arms.

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From 1999, Hesse was governed by the CDU under Roland Koch and Volker Bouffier .

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Term "Rhenish Hesse" refers to the part of the former Grand Duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt located west of the Rhine.

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However, Hesse operates representation offices in such foreign countries as the United States, China, Hungary, Cuba, Russia, Poland, and Iran.

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Flag colors of Hesse are red and white, which are printed on a Hessian sack.

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Furthermore, Hesse has always been one of the largest and healthiest economies in Germany.

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Also in other part of Hesse there is important pharma and medical manufacturers, especially in Marburg where there is industry park based on ex-Behring Werke: BioNTech, CSL Behring, Temmler and Melsungen with B Braun.

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In northern Hesse, in Baunatal, Volkswagen AG has a large factory that manufactures spare parts, not far-away from it there is a Daimler Truck plant, which produces an axes.

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Manufacturing of heating boilers and heat pumps are typical for Hesse and represented with Bosch Thermotechnik and Viessmann.

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