30 Facts About Upper Canada


Province of Upper Canada was a part of British Canada established in 1791 by the Kingdom of Great Britain, to govern the central third of the lands in British North America, formerly part of the Province of Quebec since 1763.

FactSnippet No. 1,055,898

Upper Canada included all of modern-day Southern Ontario and all those areas of Northern Ontario in the which had formed part of New France, essentially the watersheds of the Ottawa River or Lakes Huron and Superior, excluding any lands within the watershed of Hudson Bay.

FactSnippet No. 1,055,899

Upper Canada was the primary destination of Loyalist refugees and settlers from the United States after the American Revolution, who often were granted land to settle in Upper Canada.

FactSnippet No. 1,055,900

Already populated by Indigenous peoples, land for settlement in Upper Canada was made by treaties between the new British government and the Indigenous, exchanging land for one-time payments or annuities.

FactSnippet No. 1,055,901

Upper Canada existed from its establishment on 26 December 1791 to 10 February 1841, when it was united with adjacent Lower Canada to form the Province of Canada.

FactSnippet No. 1,055,902

The division was effected so that Loyalist American settlers and British immigrants in Upper Canada could have English laws and institutions, and the French-speaking population of Lower Canada could maintain French civil law and the Catholic religion.

FactSnippet No. 1,055,903

Upper Canada's constitution was said to be "the very image and transcript" of the British constitution, and based on the principle of "mixed monarchy" – a balance of monarchy, aristocracy and democracy.

FactSnippet No. 1,055,904

Executive Council of Upper Canada had a similar function to the Cabinet in England but was not responsible to the Legislative Assembly.

FactSnippet No. 1,055,905

Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada functioned as the lower house in the Parliament of Upper Canada.

FactSnippet No. 1,055,906

Upper Canada solicited information on the colony through township questionnaires, and soon became a critic of government mismanagement.

FactSnippet No. 1,055,907

Upper Canada's expulsion made him a martyr in the reform community.

FactSnippet No. 1,055,908

Upper Canada Rebellion was an insurrection against the oligarchic government of the Family Compact in December 1837, led by William Lyon Mackenzie.

FactSnippet No. 1,055,909

The Upper Canada Rebellion was largely defeated shortly after it began, although resistance lingered until 1838 – mainly through the support of the Hunters' Lodges, a secret anti-British American militia that emerged in states around the Great Lakes.

FactSnippet No. 1,055,910

The nature of the grant and the administration of land sales by Upper Canada and Canada is a matter of dispute.

FactSnippet No. 1,055,911

Upper Canada was infamous for registering settlers' names on the local settlement map in pencil and if displeased, erasing their entry.

FactSnippet No. 1,055,912

The Upper Canada Company was created as a means of generating government revenue that was not under the control of the elected Assembly, thereby granting the Lt.

FactSnippet No. 1,055,913

Plan for the Upper Canada Company was promoted by the province's Attorney General, John Beverly Robinson, then studying law at Lincoln's Inn in London.

FactSnippet No. 1,055,914

The Upper Canada Company was the administrative agent for the Huron Tract.

FactSnippet No. 1,055,915

Upper Canada was the first Catholic chaplain in the British Army since the Reformation.

FactSnippet No. 1,055,916

Upper Canada went on to edit a Reform newspaper in Toronto, the Canadian Correspondent.

FactSnippet No. 1,055,917

Undisputed leader of the highly fractious Methodists in Upper Canada was Egerton Ryerson, editor of their newspaper, The Christian Guardian.

FactSnippet No. 1,055,918

Bank of Upper Canada was "captured" from Kingston merchants by the York elite at the instigation of John Strachan in 1821, with the assistance of William Allan, a Toronto merchant and Executive Councillor.

FactSnippet No. 1,055,919

The Bank of Upper Canada was a political sore point for the Reformers throughout the 1830s.

FactSnippet No. 1,055,920

Upper Canada was in the unenviable position of having few exports with which to pay for all its imported manufactured needs.

FactSnippet No. 1,055,921

Upper Canada Canadians sought to build a similar system that would tie this trade to the St Lawrence River and Montreal.

FactSnippet No. 1,055,922

Upper Canada was supposed to have been a private one using private capital; but the province had little private capital available, hence most of the original funds came from New York.

FactSnippet No. 1,055,923

Upper Canada was thus controlled by the Family Compact, even though they had few shares.

FactSnippet No. 1,055,924

Besides marine travel, Upper Canada had a few Post roads or footpaths used for transportation by horse or stagecoaches along the key settlements between London to Kingston.

FactSnippet No. 1,055,925

Many other battles were fought in American territory bordering Upper Canada, including the Northwest Territory, upstate New York and naval battles in the Great Lakes.

FactSnippet No. 1,055,926

Upper Canada West was the western portion of the United Province of Upper Canada from 10 February 1841, to 1 July 1867.

FactSnippet No. 1,055,927