26 Facts About New France


New France was the area colonized by France in North America, beginning with the exploration of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence by Jacques Cartier in 1534 and ending with the cession of New France to Great Britain and Spain in 1763 under the Treaty of Paris.

FactSnippet No. 467,184

New France established the colony of Ile Royale on Cape Breton Island, where they built the Fortress of Louisbourg.

FactSnippet No. 467,185

In 1754, New France's population consisted of 10, 000 Acadians, 55, 000 Canadiens, and about 4, 000 settlers in upper and lower Louisiana; 69, 000 in total.

FactSnippet No. 467,186

New France eventually became absorbed within the United States and Canada, with the only vestige of French rule being the tiny islands of Saint Pierre and Miquelon.

FactSnippet No. 467,187

New France participated decisively in a battle against the Iroquois there, killing two Iroquois chiefs with the first shot of his arquebus.

FactSnippet No. 467,188

In 1627, Richelieu founded the Company of One Hundred Associates to invest in New France, promising land parcels to hundreds of new settlers and to turn Canada into an important mercantile and farming colony.

FactSnippet No. 467,189

New France named Champlain as the Governor of New France and forbade non-Roman Catholics to live there.

FactSnippet No. 467,190

Consequently, any Protestant emigrants to New France were forced to convert to Catholicism, prompting many of them to relocate to the English colonies instead.

FactSnippet No. 467,191

In 1650, New France had seven hundred colonists and Montreal had only a few dozen settlers.

FactSnippet No. 467,192

The sparsely-populated New France almost fell to hostile Iroquois forces completely as well.

FactSnippet No. 467,193

In 1663, New France finally became more secure when Louis XIV made it a royal province, taking control away from the Company of One Hundred Associates.

FactSnippet No. 467,194

New France paid for their passages and granted goods or money as their dowries if or when they married.

FactSnippet No. 467,195

New France conducted a major settlement program by recruiting European settlers to locate in the territory.

FactSnippet No. 467,196

French Catholic Church, which after Champlain's death was the dominant force in New France, wanted to establish a utopian Christian community in the colony.

FactSnippet No. 467,197

In spite of that, approximately 15, 000 Protestants settled in New France by using socioeconomic pretexts while at the same time concealing their religious background.

FactSnippet No. 467,198

The Sovereign Council effectively acted as the functional equivalent of a Council of State for New France, having the authority to hand down verdicts on final appeal.

FactSnippet No. 467,199

New France was responsible for supervising the king's attorneys' daily operations as well as execution of royal edicts and regulations passed by the council in their respective districts.

FactSnippet No. 467,200

All royal judges and king's attorneys in New France had to be thoroughly familiar with this compilation of rules.

FactSnippet No. 467,201

The Governor of New France served as the judge to the colonists as well as soldiers.

FactSnippet No. 467,202

New France would announce his verdict at the presence of the chiefs of the Company of One Hundred Associates and that would be final.

FactSnippet No. 467,203

In 1670, New France regained control of Acadia and appointed Mathieu de Goutin as the Civil and Criminal Lieutenant of Acadia.

FactSnippet No. 467,204

Adam Dollard des Ormeaux, a colonist and soldier of New France, was a notable figure regarding the Iroquois attacks against Montreal.

FactSnippet No. 467,205

Quebec survived the English invasions of both these wars, and during the wars New France seized many of the English Hudson's Bay Company fur trading centres on Hudson Bay including York Factory, which the French renamed Fort Bourbon.

FactSnippet No. 467,206

War began on two fronts: when New France England pushed its way through Maine and when New France England established itself at Canso, Nova Scotia.

FactSnippet No. 467,207

New France claimed this as part of their colony, and the French were anxious to keep the British from encroaching on it.

FactSnippet No. 467,208

In Canada, the legacy of New France can be seen in the enduring Francophone identity of its descendants, which has led to institutional bilingualism in Canada as a whole.

FactSnippet No. 467,209