21 Facts About Lyon


Lyon is the prefecture of the Auvergne-Rhone-Alpes region and seat of the Departmental Council of Rhone .

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Capital of the Gauls during the Roman Empire, Lyon is the seat of an archbishopric whose holder bears the title of Primate of the Gauls.

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Lyon was historically an important area for the production and weaving of silk.

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Economically, Lyon is a major centre for banking, chemical, pharmaceutical and biotech industries.

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Early Christians in Lyon were martyred for their beliefs under the reigns of various Roman emperors, most notably Marcus Aurelius and Septimius Severus.

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In 843, under the Treaty of Verdun, Lyon went to the Holy Roman Emperor Lothair I It later was made part of the Kingdom of Arles which was incorporated into the Holy Roman Empire in 1033.

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Lyon did not come under French control until the 14th century.

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Italian influence on Lyon's architecture is still visible among historic buildings.

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In 1572, Lyon was a scene of mass violence by Catholics against Protestant Huguenots in the St Bartholomew's Day Massacre.

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Two centuries later, Lyon was again convulsed by violence during the French Revolution, when the citizenry rose up against the National Convention and supported the Girondins.

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In 1831 and 1834, the canuts of Lyon staged two major uprisings for better working conditions and pay.

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On 3 September 1944, Lyon was liberated by the 1st Free French Division and the Forces Francaises de l'Interieur.

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The Metropolis of Lyon is the only metropolitan authority in France which is a territorial collectivity, on par with French communes and departments.

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Lyon is home to the P4-Inserm–ean Merieux Laboratory which conducts top-level vaccine research.

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Lyon hosted the 2019 FIFA Women's World Cup semi-finals as well as the Final on 7 July at Stade de Lyon.

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Lyon is home to the Lyon Hockey Club, an ice hockey team that competes in France's national ice hockey league.

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Lyon-Villeurbanne has a basketball team, ASVEL, that plays at the Astroballe arena.

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The in-house train station Gare de Lyon Saint-Exupery connects the airport to the nationwide TGV network.

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Lyon was the first city to be connected to Paris by the TGV in 1981.

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Lyon was the first city in France to introduce this bicycle renting system.

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Lyon is a pilot city of the Council of Europe and the European Commission "Intercultural cities" program.

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