16 Facts About TGV


TGV is France's intercity high-speed rail service, operated by SNCF.

FactSnippet No. 990,388

Originally designed as turbotrains to be powered by gas turbines, TGV prototypes evolved into electric trains with the 1973 oil crisis.

FactSnippet No. 990,389

TGV was conceived at the same period as other technological projects sponsored by the Government of France, including the Ariane 1 rocket and Concorde supersonic airliner; those funding programmes were known as champion national policies .

FactSnippet No. 990,390

Idea of the TGV was first proposed in the 1960s, after Japan had begun construction of the Shinkansen in 1959.

FactSnippet No. 990,391

The first prototype, TGV 001, was the only gas-turbine TGV: following the increase in the price of oil during the 1973 energy crisis, gas turbines were deemed uneconomic and the project turned to electricity from overhead lines, generated by new nuclear power stations.

FactSnippet No. 990,392

TGV 001 was not a wasted prototype: its gas turbine was only one of its many new technologies for high-speed rail travel.

FactSnippet No. 990,393

TGV opened to the public between Paris and Lyon on 27 September 1981.

FactSnippet No. 990,394

The TGV was considerably faster than normal trains, cars, or aeroplanes.

FactSnippet No. 990,395

Eurostar service began operation in 1994, connecting continental Europe to London via the Channel Tunnel and the LGV Nord-Europe with a version of the TGV designed for use in the tunnel and the United Kingdom.

FactSnippet No. 990,396

TGV was the world's third commercial and standard gauge high-speed train service, after Japan's Shinkansen, which connected Tokyo and Osaka from 1 October 1964, and Britain's InterCity 125 on main lines such as the East Coast Main Line, which entered service in 1976.

FactSnippet No. 990,397

In 2007 the TGV was the world's fastest conventional scheduled train: one journey's average start-to-stop speed from Champagne-Ardenne Station to Lorraine Station is 279.

FactSnippet No. 990,398

On 28 November 2003 the TGV network carried its one billionth passenger, a distant second only to the Shinkansen's five billionth passenger in 2000.

FactSnippet No. 990,399

Several TGV types have broken records, including the V150 and TGV 001.

FactSnippet No. 990,400

TGV technology has been adopted in a number of other countries:.

FactSnippet No. 990,401

The development of TGV trains is being pursued in the form of the Automotrice a grande vitesse high-speed multiple unit with motors under each carriage.

FactSnippet No. 990,402

Since July 2017, TGV services are gradually being rebranded as TGV inOui and Ouigo in preparation for the opening of the French HSR market to competition.

FactSnippet No. 990,403