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22 Facts About Shinkansen
Furthermore, the name superexpress, used exclusively until 1972 for Hikari trains on the Tokaido Shinkansen, is used today in English-language announcements and signage.
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The cost of constructing the Shinkansen was at first estimated at nearly 200 billion yen, which was raised in the form of a government loan, railway bonds and a low-interest loan of US$80 million from the World Bank.
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Shinkansen routes are completely separate from conventional rail lines .
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However, the smaller diameter of Shinkansen tunnels, compared to some other high-speed lines, has resulted in the issue of tunnel boom becoming a concern for residents living close to tunnel portals.
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Shinkansen employs an ATC system, eliminating the need for trackside signals.
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Shinkansen trains are electric multiple units, offering fast acceleration, deceleration and reduced damage to the track because of the use of lighter vehicles compared to locomotives or power cars.
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Shinkansen has used the electric multiple unit configuration from the outset, with the 0 Series Shinkansen having all axles powered.
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Shinkansen lines have more stops in proportion to their lengths than high-speed lines elsewhere in the world.
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Tokaido Shinkansen tracks are not physically connected to the lines of the Tohoku Shinkansen at Tokyo Station, as they are operated by separate companies and have separate platforms.
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Many Shinkansen lines were proposed during the boom of the early 1970s but have yet to be constructed and have subsequently been shelved indefinitely.
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Shinkansen is very reliable thanks to several factors, including its near-total separation from slower traffic.
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Shinkansen has had a significant beneficial effect on Japan's business, economy, society, environment and culture beyond mere construction and operational contributions.
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However, upon the introduction of the 1973 Basic Plan the initial prudence in developing Shinkansen lines gave way to political considerations to extend the mode to far less populated regions of the country, partly to spread these benefits beyond the key centres of Kanto and Kinki.
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UCLA study found that the presence of a Shinkansen line had helped with housing affordability by making it more realistic for lower-income city workers to live in exurban areas much further away from the city, which tends to have cheaper housing options.
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Hokuriku Shinkansen is being extended from Kanazawa to Tsuruga at an estimated cost of 3.
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Shinkansen line shortens the distance between Hakata and Nagasaki by 6.
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Currently the Tokaido Shinkansen has a minimum connection time of 2 hours 19 minutes.
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New "full standard" Shinkansen line is under construction from Takeo Onsen to Nagasaki, with the Shin-Tosu – Takeo Onsen section of the Kyushu Shinkansen branch to remain narrow gauge.
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