17 Facts About Nagasaki


Nagasaki is the capital and the largest city of Nagasaki Prefecture on the island of Kyushu in Japan.

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The Hidden Christian Sites in the Nagasaki Region have been recognized and included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

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Part of Nagasaki was home to a major Imperial Japanese Navy base during the First Sino-Japanese War and Russo-Japanese War.

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In 1569, Omura granted a permit for the establishment of a port with the purpose of harboring Portuguese ships in Nagasaki, which was finally set up in 1571, under the supervision of the Jesuit missionary Gaspar Vilela and Portuguese Captain-Major Tristao Vaz de Veiga, with Omura's personal assistance.

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The Portuguese, who had been previously living on a specially constructed island-prison in Nagasaki harbour called Dejima, were expelled from the archipelago altogether, and the Dutch were moved from their base at Hirado into the trading island.

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Japan UNESCO Jesuit Fire Mazu

Great Fire of Nagasaki destroyed much of the city in 1663, including the Mazu shrine at the Kofuku Temple patronized by the Chinese sailors and merchants visiting the port.

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Consequently, Nagasaki became a major center of what was called rangaku, or "Dutch Learning".

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Consensus among historians was once that Nagasaki was Japan's only window on the world during its time as a closed country in the Tokugawa era.

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Nevertheless, Nagasaki was depicted in contemporary art and literature as a cosmopolitan port brimming with exotic curiosities from the Western World.

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Tojinyashiki or Chinese Factory in Nagasaki was an important conduit for Chinese goods and information for the Japanese market.

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The Chinese traders at Nagasaki were confined to a walled compound which was located in the same vicinity as Dejima island; and the activities of the Chinese, though less strictly controlled than the Dutch, were closely monitored by the Nagasaki bugyo.

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Nagasaki became a treaty port in 1859 and modernization began in earnest in 1868.

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Nagasaki remains primarily a port city, supporting a rich shipbuilding industry.

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Nagasaki has the typical humid subtropical climate of Kyushu and Honshu, characterized by mild winters and long, hot, and humid summers.

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The Nagasaki Expressway serves vehicular traffic with interchanges at Nagasaki and Susukizuka.

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Nagasaki is represented in the J League of football with its local club, V-Varen Nagasaki.

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City of Nagasaki maintains sister cities or friendship relations with other cities worldwide.

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