19 Facts About Arles


Arles is a coastal city and commune in the South of France, a subprefecture in the Bouches-du-Rhone department of the Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur region, in the former province of Provence.

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The Roman and Romanesque Monuments of Arles were listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1981 for their testimony to the history of the region.

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Arles had to compete with Massalia further along the coast.

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Arles' leaders sided with Julius Caesar against Pompey, providing military support.

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Ancient Arles was closer to the sea than it is and served as a major port.

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Arles became renowned as a cultural and religious centre during the late Roman Empire.

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In 933, Hugh of Arles gave his kingdom up to Rudolph II, who merged the two kingdoms into a new Kingdom of Burgundy-Arles.

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Arles joined the countship of Provence in 1239, but, once more, its prominence was eclipsed by Marseilles.

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Arles remained economically important for many years as a major port on the Rhone.

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Arles was fascinated by the Provencal landscapes, producing over 300 paintings and drawings during his time in Arles.

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Arles had an important and prominent Jewish community between the Roman era and the end of the 15th century.

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Nevertheless, the first documented evidence of Jews in Arles is not before the fifth century, when a distinguished community already existed in the town.

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Arles was an important Jewish crossroads, as a port city and close to Spain and the rest of Europe alike.

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Arles has a hot summer Mediterranean climate with a mean annual temperature of 14.

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The commune of Arles ceded part of its territory to the new commune of Port-Saint-Louis-du-Rhone in 1904, and to the new commune of Saint-Martin-de-Crau in 1925.

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Arles has important Roman remnants, most of which have been listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites since 1981 within the Arles, Roman and Romanesque Monuments group.

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Courtyard of the Old Arles hospital, now named "Espace Van Gogh, " is a center for Vincent van Gogh's works, several of which are masterpieces.

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Arles played a major role in Marseille-Provence 2013, the year-long series of cultural events held in the region after it was designated the European Capital of Culture for 2013.

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Arles's open-air street market is a major market in the region.

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