35 Facts About British Army


British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of the British Armed Forces along with the Royal Navy and the Royal Air Force.

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The term British Army was adopted in 1707 after the Acts of Union between England and Scotland.

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British Army has seen action in major wars between the world's great powers, including the Seven Years' War, the American Revolutionary War, the Napoleonic Wars, the Crimean War and the First and Second World Wars.

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Since the end of the Cold War, the British Army has been deployed to a number of conflict zones, often as part of an expeditionary force, a coalition force or part of a United Nations peacekeeping operation.

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The New Model British Army was paid off and disbanded at the Restoration of the monarchy in 1660.

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The British Army was defeated in the American Revolutionary War, losing the Thirteen Colonies but retaining The Canadas and The Maritimes as British North America, including Bermuda.

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British Army was heavily involved in the Napoleonic Wars, participating in a number of campaigns in Europe, the Caribbean, North Africa and North America.

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The English Army remained in Ireland primarily to suppress Irish revolts or disorder.

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The British Army fought Irish rebels—Protestant and Catholic—primarily in Ulster and Leinster in the 1798 rebellion.

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British Army contributed 50, 000 troops to the coalition which fought Iraq in the Persian Gulf War, and British forces controlled Kuwait after its liberation.

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In 2005, after the PIRA declared a ceasefire, the British Army dismantled posts, withdrew many troops and restored troop levels to those of a peacetime garrison.

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British Army deployed to Sierra Leone for Operation Palliser in 1999, under United Nations resolutions, to aid the government in quelling violent uprisings by militiamen.

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British Army troops provided support during the 2014 West African Ebola virus epidemic.

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In 2006 the British Army began concentrating on fighting Taliban forces and bringing security to Helmand Province, with about 9, 500 British troops deployed at its peak—the second-largest force after that of the US.

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The British Army controlled southern Iraq, and maintained a peace-keeping presence in Basra.

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All British Army troops were withdrawn from Iraq by 30 April 2009, after the Iraqi government refused to extend their mandate.

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Since 2016, the British Army has maintained a presence in Eastern Europe in support of the NATO Enhanced Forward Presence strategy which responded to the 2014 Russian annexation of Crimea.

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The British Army leads a multinational armoured battlegroup in Estonia under Operation Cabrit and contributes troops to another military battle group in Poland.

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Between 2015 and 2022, the British Army deployed Short Term Training Teams to Ukraine under Operation Orbital to help train the Armed Forces of Ukraine against further Russian aggression.

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British Army has been a volunteer force since national service ended during the 1960s.

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British Army has three main artillery systems: the Multi Launch Rocket System, the AS-90 and the L118 light gun.

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Where armour is not required or mobility and speed are favoured the British Army utilises protected patrol vehicles, such as the Panther variant of the Iveco LMV, the Foxhound, and variants of the Cougar family.

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British Army Headquarters is located in Andover, Hampshire, and is responsible for providing forces at operational readiness for employment by the Permanent Joint Headquarters.

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British Army Headquarters is further organised into two subordinate commands, Field British Army and Home Command, each commanded by a lieutenant general.

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British Army units are either full-time 'Regular' units, or part-time Army Reserve units.

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Home Command is the British Army's supporting command; a generating, recruiting and training force that supports the Field Army and delivers UK resilience.

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British Army contributes two of the three special forces formations to the United Kingdom Special Forces directorate: the Special Air Service and Special Reconnaissance Regiment (SRR).

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British Army historically included many units from what are now separate Commonwealth realms.

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Once the standing English Army, later the British Army, came into existence and began to garrison the colonies, the colonial militias fought side by side with it in a number of wars, including the Seven Years' War.

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The militia fought alongside the regular British Army in defending British North America from their former countrymen during the War of 1812.

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The table below details how many units within the British Army are structured, although there can be considerable variation between individual units:.

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Candidates for the British Army undergo common training, beginning with initial military training, to bring all personnel to a similar standard in basic military skills, which is known as Phase 1 training.

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The British Army has a non-ceremonial flag that is often seen flying from military buildings and is used at recruiting and military events and exhibitions.

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Traditionally most British Army units had a set of flags, known as the colours—normally a Regimental Colour and a Queen's Colour.

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British Army uniform has sixteen categories, ranging from ceremonial uniforms to combat dress to evening wear.

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