24 Facts About Basra


Basra is an Iraqi city located on the Shatt al-Arab.

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Basra is Iraq's main port, although it does not have deep water access, which is handled at the port of Umm Qasr.

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Why Basra was chosen as a site for the new city remains unclear.

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Nevertheless, Basra overcame these natural disadvantages and rapidly grew into the second-largest city in Iraq, if not the entire Islamic world.

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Finally, in the late 900s, the city of Basra was entirely relocated, with the old site being abandoned and a new one developing on the banks of the Shatt al-Arab, where it has remained ever since.

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However, Basra did support the rebellion of Yazid ibn al-Muhallab against Yazid II during the 720s.

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Basra was the first Seljuk ruler to style himself Sultan and Protector of the Abbasid Caliphate.

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The Al-Mughamis' control of Basra had become nominal by 1436; de facto control of Basra from 1436 to 1508 was in the hands of the Moshasha.

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Basra was, for a long time, a flourishing commercial and cultural center.

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On 25 January 1999, Basra was the scene of scores of civilian casualties when a missile fired by a US warplane was dropped in a civilian area.

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In March through to May 2003, the outskirts of Basra were the scene of some of the heaviest fighting in the beginning of the Iraq War in 2003.

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Political groups centered in Basra were reported to have close links with political parties already in power in the Iraqi government, despite opposition from Iraqi Sunnis and the Kurds.

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Basra was outspoken against the targeting of women by the militias.

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Basra was scheduled to host the 22nd Arabian Gulf Cup tournament in Basra Sports City, a newly built multi-use sports complex.

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Basra is located on the Shatt-Al-Arab waterway, downstream of which is the Persian Gulf.

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The Shatt-Al-Arab and Basra waterways define the eastern and western borders of Basra, respectively.

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Basra has a hot desert climate, like the rest of the surrounding region, though it receives slightly more precipitation than inland locations due to its location near the coast.

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City of Basra was once well known for its agriculture, but that has since altered due to rising temperatures, increased water salinity, and the desertification.

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The tribes located in Basra include Bani Malik, Al-shwelat, Suwa'id, Al-bo Mohammed, Al-Badr, Al-Ubadi, Ruba'ah Sayyid tribes and other Marsh Arabs tribes.

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Basra is a major Shia city, with the old Akhbari Shiism progressively being overwhelmed by the Usuli Shiism.

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The satellite town of Az Zubayr in the direction of Kuwait was a Sunni majority town, but the burgeoning population of Basra has spilled over into Zubair, turning it into an extension of Basra with a slight Shia majority as well.

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Substantial economic activity in Basra is centred around the petrochemical industry, which includes the Southern Fertilizer Company and The State Company for Petrochemical Industries.

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Basra is in a fertile agricultural region, with major products including rice, maize corn, barley, pearl millet, wheat, dates, and livestock.

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Basra was known in the 1960s for its sugar market, a fact that figured heavily in the English contract law remoteness of damages case The Heron II [1969] 1 AC 350.

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