31 Facts About Kurds


Kurds speak the Kurdish languages and the Zaza–Gorani languages, which belong to the Western Iranian branch of the Iranian languages in the Indo-European language family.

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Recent history of the Kurds includes numerous genocides and rebellions, along with ongoing armed conflicts in Turkish, Iranian, Syrian, and Iraqi Kurdistan.

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Many Kurds are either bilingual or multilingual, speaking the language of their respective nation of origin, such as Arabic, Persian, and Turkish as a second language alongside their native Kurdish, while those in diaspora communities often speak three or more languages.

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The Kurds are the fourth-largest ethnic group in West Asia after Arabs, Persians, and Turks.

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Iranian religion of Zoroastrianism has had a major influence on the Iranian culture, which Kurds are a part of, and has maintained some effect since the demise of the religion in the Middle Ages.

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Many Kurds consider themselves descended from the Medes, an ancient Iranian people, and even use a calendar dating from 612 BC, when the Assyrian capital of Nineveh was conquered by the Medes.

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Kurds found it heavily fortified, and guarded by three legions and a large body of Kurdish archers.

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Thereafter, many Kurds were deported to Khorasan, not only to weaken the Kurds, but to protect the eastern border from invading Afghan and Turkmen tribes.

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Kurds divided the territory into sanjaks or districts, and, making no attempt to interfere with the principle of heredity, installed the local chiefs as governors.

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Kurds resettled the rich pastoral country between Erzerum and Erivan, which had lain in waste since the passage of Timur, with Kurds from the Hakkari and Bohtan districts.

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Kurds has given a detailed account of the deportation of Kurds from Erzurum and Bitlis in the winter of 1916.

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The Kurds were perceived to be subversive elements who would take the Russian side in the war.

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Around 300, 000 Kurds were forced to move southwards to Urfa and then westwards to Aintab and Marasch.

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Kurds backed by the United Kingdom declared independence in 1927 and established the Republic of Ararat.

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In 1970 the Kurds rejected limited territorial self-rule within Iraq, demanding larger areas, including the oil-rich Kirkuk region.

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The Kurds are still not allowed to get a primary education in their mother tongue and they do not have a right to self-determination, even though Turkey has signed the ICCPR.

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Kurds's was released in 2004 amid warnings from European institutions that the continued imprisonment of the four Kurdish MPs would affect Turkey's bid to join the EU.

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The Kurds sharing much of their history with the rest of Iran is seen as reason for why Kurdish leaders in Iran do not want a separate Kurdish state.

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Government forces and non-Kurds were not the only ones to suffer in the attacks, the Kurdish population was robbed and assaulted.

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Kurds have been well integrated in Iranian political life during reign of various governments.

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Many Iranian Kurds show no interest in Kurdish nationalism, particularly Kurds of the Shia faith who sometimes even vigorously reject idea of autonomy, preferring direct rule from Tehran.

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Kurds have a presence in Kirkuk, Mosul, Khanaqin, and Baghdad.

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Kurds led by Mustafa Barzani were engaged in heavy fighting against successive Iraqi regimes from 1960 to 1975.

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The embargo, however, backfired and Kurds held parliamentary elections in May 1992 and established Kurdistan Regional Government.

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The area controlled by Peshmerga was expanded, and Kurds now have effective control in Kirkuk and parts of Mosul.

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Kurds often speak Kurdish in public, unless all those present do not.

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Armenian Kurds were permitted their own state-sponsored newspaper, radio broadcasts and cultural events.

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Kurds subsequently faced many repressive measures, including deportations, imposed by the Soviet government.

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The total number of ethnic Kurds residing in the United States is estimated by the US Census Bureau to be 20, 591.

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Kurds possess a rich tradition of folklore, which, until recent times, was largely transmitted by speech or song, from one generation to the next.

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Kurds's first feature film was A Time for Drunken Horses, released in 2000.

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