14 Facts About Erzurum


Erzurum has diverse winter sports facilities and hosted the 2011 Winter Universiade.

FactSnippet No. 1,350,147

Erzen-Erzurum fell to the Mongol siege in 1242, and the city was looted and devastated.

FactSnippet No. 1,350,148

Erzurum reverted to Ottoman control after the signing of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk in March 1918.

FactSnippet No. 1,350,149

In 1919, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, one of the key founders of the modern Turkish Republic, resigned from the Ottoman army in Erzurum and was declared an "Honorary Native" and freeman of the city, which issued him his first citizenship registration and certificate of the new Turkish Republic.

FactSnippet No. 1,350,150

In September 1935 Erzurum was made the seat of the newly created third Inspectorate General .

FactSnippet No. 1,350,151

Erzurum, known as "The Rock" in NATO code, served as NATO's southeasternmost air force post during the Cold War.

FactSnippet No. 1,350,152

Erzurum is notable for the small-scale production of objects crafted from Oltu stone: most are sold as souvenirs and include prayer beads, bracelets, necklaces, brooches, earrings and hairclips.

FactSnippet No. 1,350,153

Now, Erzurum is the ending point of the South Caucasus Pipeline, called the Baku-Tbilisi-Erzurum pipeline.

FactSnippet No. 1,350,154

Erzurum will be the starting point of the planned Nabucco pipeline which will carry natural gas from the Caspian Sea basin to the European Union member states.

FactSnippet No. 1,350,155

Little of medieval Erzurum survives beyond scattered individual buildings such as the citadel fortress, and the 13th century Cifte Minareli Medrese .

FactSnippet No. 1,350,156

Six kilometres to the south of the center of Erzurum is an important skiing center on the Palandoken Mountain range.

FactSnippet No. 1,350,157

Erzurum is the main railroad endpoint for the Eastern Anatolia region.

FactSnippet No. 1,350,158

Erzurum Airport, used by the Turkish Air Force, has the second longest runway in Turkey.

FactSnippet No. 1,350,159

Erzurum has a humid continental climate with very cold, snowy winters and warm, dry summers.

FactSnippet No. 1,350,160