24 Facts About Caspian Sea


Caspian Sea is the world's largest inland body of water, often described as the world's largest lake or a full-fledged sea.

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Caspian Sea is home to a wide range of species and is known for its caviar and oil industries.

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Caspian Sea, like the Black Sea, is a remnant of the ancient Paratethys Sea.

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The Garabogazkol embayment, which dried up when water flow from the main body of the Caspian Sea was blocked in the 1980s but has since been restored, routinely exceeds oceanic salinity by a factor of 10.

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The coastlines of the Caspian Sea are shared by Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Turkmenistan.

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The Caspian Sea is divided into three distinct physical regions: the Northern, Middle, and Southern Caspian Sea.

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The Garabogazkol Bay is the saline eastern inlet of the Caspian Sea, which is part of Turkmenistan and at times has been a lake in its own right due to the isthmus that cuts it off from the Caspian Sea.

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Adjacent to the North Caspian is the Caspian Depression, a low-lying region 27 metres below sea level.

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Conversely, the climate to the southwest and south are generally warm with uneven elevation due to a mix of highlands and mountain ranges; the drastic changes in climate alongside the Caspian Sea have led to a great deal of biodiversity in the region.

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Caspian Sea has numerous islands near the coasts, but none in the deeper parts of the sea.

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Sea level of the Caspian has fallen and risen, often rapidly, many times over the centuries.

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Some Russian historians claim that a medieval rising of the Caspian Sea, perhaps caused by the Amu Darya changing its inflow to the Caspian Sea from the 13th century to the 16th century, caused the coastal towns of Khazaria, such as Atil, to flood.

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The UN Environment Programme warns that the Caspian Sea "suffers from an enormous burden of pollution from oil extraction and refining, offshore oil fields, radioactive wastes from nuclear power plants and huge volumes of untreated sewage and industrial waste introduced mainly by the Volga River".

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Caspian Sea turtle, although found in neighboring areas, is a wholly freshwater species.

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Caspian Sea's basin has 160 native species and subspecies of fish in more than 60 genera.

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Caspian Sea was a hydrographer who charted and greatly expanded knowledge of the sea.

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Caspian Sea drew a set of four maps and wrote Pilot of the Caspian Sea, the first lengthy report and modern maps.

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Caspian Sea countries develop robust cooperation in the tech and digital field as part of the Caspian Sea Digital Hub.

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Caspian Sea region presently is a significant, but not major, supplier of crude oil to world markets, based upon estimates by BP Amoco and the U S Energy Information Administration, U S Department of Energy.

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Baku Sea Trade Port and Caspian Shipping Company CJSC, have a big role in the sea transportation of Azerbaijan.

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The Caspian Sea Shipping Company CJSC has two fleets plus shipyards.

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Caspian Sea Shipping Company of Azerbaijan, which acts as a liaison in the Transport Corridor Europe-Caucasus-Asia, simultaneously with the transportation of cargo and passengers in the Trans-Caspian direction, performs work to fully ensure the processes of oil and gas production at sea.

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Caspian Sea Summit is a head of state-level meeting of the five littoral states.

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The goals were both irrigation and the stabilization of the water level in the Caspian Sea, which was thought to be falling dangerously fast at the time.

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