28 Facts About Moose


Moose or elk is a member of the New World deer subfamily and is the largest and heaviest extant species in the deer family.

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Moose proboscis is distinctive among the living cervids due to its large size; it features nares that can be sealed shut when the moose is browsing aquatic vegetation.

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Moose is a browsing herbivore and is capable of consuming many types of plant or fruit.

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Moose have six pairs of large, flat molars and, ahead of those, six pairs of premolars, to grind up their food.

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Moose are excellent swimmers and are known to wade into water to eat aquatic plants.

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Moose are thus attracted to marshes and river banks during warmer months as both provide suitable vegetation to eat and water to wet themselves in.

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Moose are the only deer that are capable of feeding underwater.

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Moose are subject to various diseases and forms of parasitism.

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Moose typically carry a heavy burden of parasites, both externally and internally.

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Moose populations are stable at 25 calves for every 100 cows at 1 year of age.

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Moose are not usually aggressive towards humans, but can be provoked or frightened to behave with aggression.

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Moose are very limber animals with highly flexible joints and sharp, pointed hooves, and are capable of kicking with both front and back legs.

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Moose often show aggression to other animals as well; especially predators.

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Moose have been known to stomp attacking wolves, which makes them less preferred as prey to the wolves.

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Moose are cold-adapted mammals with thickened skin, dense, heat-retaining coat, and a low surface:volume ratio, which provides excellent cold tolerance but poor heat tolerance.

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Moose survive hot weather by accessing shade or cooling wind, or by immersion in cool water.

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Moose require access to both young forest for browsing and mature forest for shelter and cover.

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Moose require access to mineral licks, safe places for calving and aquatic feeding sites.

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Moose avoid areas with little or no snow as this increases the risk of predation by wolves and avoid areas with deep snow, as this impairs mobility.

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Moose prefer sub-alpine shrublands in early winter, while bison prefer wet sedge valley meadowlands in early winter.

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Moose have extended their range southwards in the western Rocky Mountains, with initial sightings in Yellowstone National Park in 1868, and then to the northern slope of the Uinta Mountains in Utah in the first half of the twentieth century.

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Moose reestablished populations in eastern New York and Connecticut and appeared headed south towards the Catskill Mountains, a former habitat.

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Moose were successfully introduced on Newfoundland in 1878 and 1904, where they are now the dominant ungulate, and somewhat less successfully on Anticosti Island in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence.

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Moose populations are relatively stable in Siberia and increasing on the Kamchatka Peninsula.

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Moose are hunted as a game species in many of the countries where they are found.

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Moose collisions have prompted the development of a vehicle test referred to as the "moose test" .

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Moose warning signs are used on roads in regions where there is a danger of collision with the animal.

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Moose is a common coat of arms in Europe as well, for example in Finland it appears on the coats of arms of Hirvensalmi and Mantsala municipalities.

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