10 Facts About Rocky Mountains


Rocky Mountains, known as the Rockies, are a major mountain range and the largest mountain system in North America.

FactSnippet No. 629,115

Rocky Mountains are the easternmost portion of the expansive North American Cordillera.

FactSnippet No. 629,116

The Rocky Mountains contain the highest peaks in central North America.

FactSnippet No. 629,117

Rocks in the Rocky Mountains were formed before the mountains were raised by tectonic forces.

FactSnippet No. 629,118

Current Rocky Mountains arose in the Laramide orogeny from between 80 and 55 Ma.

FactSnippet No. 629,119

Rocky Mountains are an important habitat for a great deal of well-known wildlife, such as wolves, elk, moose, mule and white-tailed deer, pronghorn, mountain goats, bighorn sheep, badgers, black bears, grizzly bears, coyotes, lynxes, cougars, and wolverines.

FactSnippet No. 629,120

Since the last great ice age, the Rocky Mountains were home first to indigenous peoples including the Apache, Arapaho, Bannock, Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Coeur d'Alene, Kalispel, Crow Nation, Flathead, Shoshone, Sioux, Ute, Kutenai, Sekani, Dunne-za, and others.

FactSnippet No. 629,121

Minerals found in the Rocky Mountains include significant deposits of copper, gold, lead, molybdenum, silver, tungsten, and zinc.

FactSnippet No. 629,122

Rocky Mountains contain several sedimentary basins that are rich in coalbed methane.

FactSnippet No. 629,123

The largest coalbed methane sources in the Rocky Mountains are in the San Juan Basin in New Mexico and Colorado and the Powder River Basin in Wyoming.

FactSnippet No. 629,124