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49 Facts About New England
Southeastern New England is covered by a narrow coastal plain, while the western and northern regions are dominated by the rolling hills and worn-down peaks of the northern end of the Appalachian Mountains.
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New England is one of the U S Census Bureau's nine regional divisions and the only multi-state region with clear, consistent boundaries.
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New England Colonies were settled primarily by farmers who became relatively self-sufficient.
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Later, New England's economy began to focus on crafts and trade, aided by the Puritan work ethic, in contrast to the Southern colonies which focused on agricultural production while importing finished goods from England.
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New England was key to the industrial revolution in the United States.
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The New England economy was radically transformed after World War II.
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States of New England have a combined area, including water surfaces, of 71, 988 square miles, making the region slightly larger than the state of Washington and slightly smaller than Great Britain.
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New England's long rolling hills, mountains, and jagged coastline are glacial landforms resulting from the retreat of ice sheets approximately 18, 000 years ago, during the last glacial period.
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In 2018, four of the six New England states were among the top ten states in the country in terms of taxes paid per taxpayer.
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State and national elected officials in New England recently have been elected mainly from the Democratic Party.
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In 2010, four of six of the New England states were polled as the most liberal in the United States.
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Judging purely by party registration rather than voting patterns, New England today is one of the most Democratic regions in the U S According to Gallup, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Vermont are "solidly Democratic", Maine "leans Democratic", and New Hampshire is a swing state.
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New England contains some of the oldest and most renowned institutions of higher learning in the United States and the world.
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At the pre-college level, New England is home to a number of American independent schools.
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The concept of the elite "New England prep school" and the "preppy" lifestyle is an iconic part of the region's image.
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New England is home to some of the oldest public schools in the nation and was the first region in the United States to implement universal compulsory schooling.
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New England has a shared heritage and culture primarily shaped by waves of immigration from Europe.
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Many of the first European colonists of New England had a maritime orientation toward whaling and fishing, in addition to farming.
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New England has developed a distinct cuisine, dialect, architecture, and government.
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New England cuisine has a reputation for its emphasis on seafood and dairy; clam chowder, lobster, and other products of the sea are among some of the region's most popular foods.
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New England has largely preserved its regional character, especially in its historic places.
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New England staples reflect the convergence of American Indian and Pilgrim cuisine, such as johnnycakes, succotash, cornbread and various seafood recipes.
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Contra dancing and country square dancing are popular throughout New England, usually backed by live Irish, Acadian or other folk music.
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New England was an important center of American classical music for some time.
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The literature of New England has had an enduring influence on American literature in general, with themes that are emblematic of the larger concerns of American letters, such as religion, race, the individual versus society, social repression and nature.
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New England has a rich history in filmmaking dating back to the dawn of the motion picture era at the turn of the 20th century, sometimes dubbed Hollywood East by film critics.
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The New England region continued to churn out films at a pace above the national average for the duration of the 20th century, including blockbuster hits such as Jaws, Good Will Hunting and The Departed, all of which won Academy Awards.
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The New England area became known for a number of themes that recurred in films made during this era, including the development of yankee characters, smalltown life contrasted with city values, seafaring tales, family secrets and haunted New England.
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Since the turn of the millennium, Boston and the greater New England region have been home to the production of numerous films and television series, thanks in part to tax incentive programs put in place by local governments to attract filmmakers to the region.
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Many cities and towns across New England operate their own historical societies focused on historical preservation of local sites and the recording of local history.
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New England has a strong heritage of athletics, and many internationally popular sports were invented and codified in the region, including basketball, volleyball, and American football.
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New England Patriots are the most popular professional sports team in New England.
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Each of the New England states has its own Department of Transportation which plans and develops systems for transport, though some transportation authorities operate across state and municipal lines.
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