67 Facts About Massachusetts


Massachusetts is home to the urban core of Greater Boston, the largest metropolitan area in New England and a region profoundly influential upon American history, academia, and the research economy.

FactSnippet No. 446,041

Massachusetts was transformed into a manufacturing center during the Industrial Revolution.

FactSnippet No. 446,042

Massachusetts has played a powerful scientific, commercial, and cultural role in the history of the United States.

FactSnippet No. 446,043

In 2004, Massachusetts became the first U S state to legally recognize same-sex marriage as a result of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court's decision in Goodridge v Department of Public Health, and Boston is a hub of LGBT culture and LGBT activism in the United States.

FactSnippet No. 446,044

Massachusetts residents have been described by the World Population Review as having the highest average IQ of all U S states, exceeding 104, and the state's public-school students place among the top tier in the world in academic performance.

FactSnippet No. 446,045

Massachusetts was originally inhabited by tribes of the Algonquian language family, including: Wampanoag, Narragansett, Nipmuc, Pocomtuc, Mahican, and Massachusett.

FactSnippet No. 446,046

The Massachusetts Bay banished dissenters such as Anne Hutchinson and Roger Williams due to religious and political conflict.

FactSnippet No. 446,047

In 1652 the Massachusetts legislature authorized John Hull to produce coinage.

FactSnippet No. 446,048

Massachusetts asked that a writ of Quo warranto be issued against Massachusetts for the violations.

FactSnippet No. 446,049

Massachusetts was a center of the movement for independence from Great Britain; colonists in Massachusetts had long uneasy relations with the British monarchy, including open rebellion under the Dominion of New England in the 1680s.

FactSnippet No. 446,050

In 1820, Maine separated from Massachusetts and entered the Union as the 23rd state as a result of the ratification of the Missouri Compromise.

FactSnippet No. 446,051

Massachusetts was the first state to recruit, train, and arm a Black regiment with White officers, the 54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment.

FactSnippet No. 446,052

In 1852, Massachusetts became the first state to pass compulsory education laws.

FactSnippet No. 446,053

The 1969 closure of the Springfield Armory, in particular, spurred an exodus of high-paying jobs from Western Massachusetts, which suffered greatly as it de-industrialized during the last 40 years of the 20th century.

FactSnippet No. 446,054

In Eastern Massachusetts, following World WarII, the economy was transformed from one based on heavy industry into a service-based economy.

FactSnippet No. 446,055

In 1966, Massachusetts became the first state to directly elect an African American to the U S senate with Edward Brooke.

FactSnippet No. 446,056

On May 17, 2004, Massachusetts became the first state in the U S to legalize same-sex marriage after a Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court ruling in November 2003 determined that the exclusion of same-sex couples from the right to a civil marriage was unconstitutional.

FactSnippet No. 446,057

On November 8, 2016, Massachusetts voted in favor of the Massachusetts Marijuana Legalization Initiative, known as Question 4.

FactSnippet No. 446,058

Massachusetts is located along the Atlantic Flyway, a major route for migratory waterfowl along the eastern coast.

FactSnippet No. 446,059

Lakes in central Massachusetts provide habitat for many species of fish and waterfowl, but some species such as the common loon are becoming rare.

FactSnippet No. 446,060

Climate change in Massachusetts will affect both urban and rural environments, including forestry, fisheries, agriculture, and coastal development.

FactSnippet No. 446,061

State of Massachusetts has developed a plethora of incentives to encourage the implementation of renewable energy and efficient appliances and home facilities.

FactSnippet No. 446,062

Massachusetts is the fastest-growing state in New England and the 25th fastest-growing state in the United States.

FactSnippet No. 446,063

Many areas of Massachusetts showed relatively stable population trends between 2000 and 2010.

FactSnippet No. 446,064

Massachusetts has large Dominican, Puerto Rican, Haitian, Cape Verdean and Brazilian populations.

FactSnippet No. 446,065

Massachusetts has avoided many forms of racial strife seen elsewhere in the US, but examples such as the successful electoral showings of the nativist Know Nothings in the 1850s, the controversial Sacco and Vanzetti executions in the 1920s, and Boston's opposition to desegregation busing in the 1970s show that the ethnic history of Massachusetts was not completely harmonious.

FactSnippet No. 446,066

Massachusetts was the first state in North America to require municipalities to appoint a teacher or establish a grammar school with the passage of the Massachusetts Education Law of 1647, and 19th century reforms pushed by Horace Mann laid much of the groundwork for contemporary universal public education which was established in 1852.

FactSnippet No. 446,067

Massachusetts is home to the oldest school in continuous existence in North America, as well as the country's oldest public elementary school (The Mather School, founded in 1639), its oldest high school (Boston Latin School, founded in 1635), its oldest continuously operating boarding school (The Governor's Academy, founded in 1763), its oldest college (Harvard University, founded in 1636), and its oldest women's college (Mount Holyoke College, founded in 1837).

FactSnippet No. 446,068

Massachusetts is home to the highest ranked private high school in the United States, Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts, which was founded in 1778.

FactSnippet No. 446,069

In 2013, Massachusetts scored highest of all the states in math and third-highest in reading on the National Assessment of Educational Progress.

FactSnippet No. 446,070

Massachusetts has three foreign-trade zones, the Massachusetts Port Authority of Boston, the Port of New Bedford, and the City of Holyoke.

FactSnippet No. 446,071

Sectors vital to the Massachusetts economy include higher education, biotechnology, information technology, finance, health care, tourism, manufacturing, and defense.

FactSnippet No. 446,072

Massachusetts is the sixth-most popular tourist destination for foreign travelers.

FactSnippet No. 446,073

In 2010, the Great Places in Massachusetts Commission published '1, 000 Great Places in Massachusetts' that identified 1, 000 sites across the commonwealth to highlight the diverse historic, cultural, and natural attractions.

FactSnippet No. 446,074

Fruit cultivation is an important part of the state's agricultural revenues, and Massachusetts is the second-largest cranberry-producing state after Wisconsin.

FactSnippet No. 446,075

In 2018, Massachusetts consumed 1, 459trillion BTU, making it the seventh-lowest state in terms of consumption of energy per capita, and 31 percent of that energy came from natural gas.

FactSnippet No. 446,076

In 2014 and 2015, Massachusetts was ranked as the most energy efficient state the United States while Boston is the most efficient city, but it had the fourth-highest average residential retail electricity prices of any state.

FactSnippet No. 446,077

Massachusetts has 10 regional metropolitan planning organizations and three non-metropolitan planning organizations covering the remainder of the state; statewide planning is handled by the Massachusetts Department of Transportation.

FactSnippet No. 446,078

Several stations in western Massachusetts are served by the Vermonter, which connects St Albans, Vermont to Washington DC.

FactSnippet No. 446,079

Massachusetts has a total of 1, 110 miles of freight trackage in operation.

FactSnippet No. 446,080

Massachusetts has 39 public-use airfields and more than 200 private landing spots.

FactSnippet No. 446,081

Major non-interstate highways in Massachusetts include U S Routes 1, 3, 6, and 20, and state routes 2, 3, 9, 24, and 128.

FactSnippet No. 446,082

In 2006, Massachusetts became the first state to approve a law that provided for nearly universal healthcare.

FactSnippet No. 446,083

Government of Massachusetts is divided into three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial.

FactSnippet No. 446,084

In U S presidential elections since 2012, Massachusetts has been allotted 11 votes in the electoral college, out of a total of 538.

FactSnippet No. 446,085

Massachusetts has shifted from a previously Republican-leaning state to one largely dominated by Democrats; the 1952 victory of John F Kennedy over incumbent Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr.

FactSnippet No. 446,086

Since the 1950s, Massachusetts has gained a reputation as being a politically liberal state and is often used as an archetype of modern liberalism, hence the phrase "Massachusetts liberal".

FactSnippet No. 446,087

Massachusetts is one of the most Democratic states in the country.

FactSnippet No. 446,088

Additionally, Massachusetts provided Reagan with his smallest margins of victory in both the 1980 and 1984 elections.

FactSnippet No. 446,089

Massachusetts had been the only state to vote for Democrat George McGovern in the 1972 Presidential Election.

FactSnippet No. 446,090

Massachusetts is the most populous state to be represented in the United States Congress entirely by a single party.

FactSnippet No. 446,091

In 2008, Massachusetts voters passed an initiative decriminalizing possession of small amounts of marijuana.

FactSnippet No. 446,092

Voters in Massachusetts approved a ballot measure in 2012 that legalized the medical use of marijuana.

FactSnippet No. 446,093

Massachusetts was an early center of the Transcendentalist movement, which emphasized intuition, emotion, human individuality and a deeper connection with nature.

FactSnippet No. 446,094

Famous painters from Massachusetts include Winslow Homer and Norman Rockwell; many of the latter's works are on display at the Norman Rockwell Museum in Stockbridge.

FactSnippet No. 446,095

Tanglewood, in western Massachusetts, is a music venue that is home to both the Tanglewood Music Festival and Tanglewood Jazz Festival, as well as the summer host for the Boston Symphony Orchestra.

FactSnippet No. 446,096

Massachusetts is home to a large number of museums and historical sites.

FactSnippet No. 446,097

Plimoth Plantation and Old Sturbridge Village are two open-air or "living" museums in Massachusetts, recreating life as it was in the 17th and early 19th centuries, respectively.

FactSnippet No. 446,098

Long-distance hiking trails in Massachusetts include the Appalachian Trail, the New England National Scenic Trail, the Metacomet-Monadnock Trail, the Midstate Trail, and the Bay Circuit Trail.

FactSnippet No. 446,099

Massachusetts is one of the states with the largest percentage of Catholics.

FactSnippet No. 446,100

Massachusetts General was founded in 1811 and serves as the largest teaching hospital for nearby Harvard University.

FactSnippet No. 446,101

State of Massachusetts is a center for medical education and research including Harvard's Brigham and Women's Hospital, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute as well as the New England Baptist Hospital, Tufts Medical Center, and Boston Medical Center which is the primary teaching hospital for Boston University.

FactSnippet No. 446,102

Massachusetts is home to five major league professional sports teams: seventeen-time NBA Champions Boston Celtics, nine-time World Series winners Boston Red Sox, six-time Stanley Cup winners Boston Bruins, six-time Super Bowl winners New England Patriots, and Major League Soccer team New England Revolution.

FactSnippet No. 446,103

Many other Massachusetts colleges compete in lower divisions such as DivisionIII, where MIT, Tufts University, Amherst College, Williams College, and others field competitive teams.

FactSnippet No. 446,104

Massachusetts is the home of rowing events such as the Eastern Sprints on Lake Quinsigamond and the Head of the Charles Regatta.

FactSnippet No. 446,105

Massachusetts is the home of the Cape Cod Baseball League, and Premier Lacrosse League team Cannons Lacrosse Club.

FactSnippet No. 446,106

Massachusetts has produced several successful Olympians including Thomas Burke, James Connolly, and John Thomas; Butch Johnson (archery); Nancy Kerrigan (figure skating); Todd Richards (snowboarding); Albina Osipowich (swimming); Aly Raisman (gymnastics); Patrick Ewing (basketball); as well as Jim Craig, Mike Eruzione, Bill Cleary, and Keith Tkachuk (ice hockey).

FactSnippet No. 446,107