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67 Facts About Massachusetts
Massachusetts was transformed into a manufacturing center during the Industrial Revolution.
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Massachusetts has played a powerful scientific, commercial, and cultural role in the history of the United States.
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In 2004, Massachusetts became the first U S state to legally recognize same-sex marriage as a result of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court's decision in Goodridge v Department of Public Health, and Boston is a hub of LGBT culture and LGBT activism in the United States.
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Massachusetts residents have been described by the World Population Review as having the highest average IQ of all U S states, exceeding 104, and the state's public-school students place among the top tier in the world in academic performance.
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Massachusetts was originally inhabited by tribes of the Algonquian language family, including: Wampanoag, Narragansett, Nipmuc, Pocomtuc, Mahican, and Massachusett.
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In 1652 the Massachusetts legislature authorized John Hull to produce coinage.
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Massachusetts asked that a writ of Quo warranto be issued against Massachusetts for the violations.
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In 1852, Massachusetts became the first state to pass compulsory education laws.
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The 1969 closure of the Springfield Armory, in particular, spurred an exodus of high-paying jobs from Western Massachusetts, which suffered greatly as it de-industrialized during the last 40 years of the 20th century.
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In Eastern Massachusetts, following World WarII, the economy was transformed from one based on heavy industry into a service-based economy.
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In 1966, Massachusetts became the first state to directly elect an African American to the U S senate with Edward Brooke.
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On May 17, 2004, Massachusetts became the first state in the U S to legalize same-sex marriage after a Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court ruling in November 2003 determined that the exclusion of same-sex couples from the right to a civil marriage was unconstitutional.
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On November 8, 2016, Massachusetts voted in favor of the Massachusetts Marijuana Legalization Initiative, known as Question 4.
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Massachusetts is located along the Atlantic Flyway, a major route for migratory waterfowl along the eastern coast.
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Lakes in central Massachusetts provide habitat for many species of fish and waterfowl, but some species such as the common loon are becoming rare.
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Climate change in Massachusetts will affect both urban and rural environments, including forestry, fisheries, agriculture, and coastal development.
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State of Massachusetts has developed a plethora of incentives to encourage the implementation of renewable energy and efficient appliances and home facilities.
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Many areas of Massachusetts showed relatively stable population trends between 2000 and 2010.
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Massachusetts has large Dominican, Puerto Rican, Haitian, Cape Verdean and Brazilian populations.
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Massachusetts has avoided many forms of racial strife seen elsewhere in the US, but examples such as the successful electoral showings of the nativist Know Nothings in the 1850s, the controversial Sacco and Vanzetti executions in the 1920s, and Boston's opposition to desegregation busing in the 1970s show that the ethnic history of Massachusetts was not completely harmonious.
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Massachusetts was the first state in North America to require municipalities to appoint a teacher or establish a grammar school with the passage of the Massachusetts Education Law of 1647, and 19th century reforms pushed by Horace Mann laid much of the groundwork for contemporary universal public education which was established in 1852.
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Massachusetts is home to the oldest school in continuous existence in North America, as well as the country's oldest public elementary school (The Mather School, founded in 1639), its oldest high school (Boston Latin School, founded in 1635), its oldest continuously operating boarding school (The Governor's Academy, founded in 1763), its oldest college (Harvard University, founded in 1636), and its oldest women's college (Mount Holyoke College, founded in 1837).
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In 2013, Massachusetts scored highest of all the states in math and third-highest in reading on the National Assessment of Educational Progress.
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Sectors vital to the Massachusetts economy include higher education, biotechnology, information technology, finance, health care, tourism, manufacturing, and defense.
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Massachusetts is the sixth-most popular tourist destination for foreign travelers.
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In 2010, the Great Places in Massachusetts Commission published '1, 000 Great Places in Massachusetts' that identified 1, 000 sites across the commonwealth to highlight the diverse historic, cultural, and natural attractions.
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Fruit cultivation is an important part of the state's agricultural revenues, and Massachusetts is the second-largest cranberry-producing state after Wisconsin.
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In 2018, Massachusetts consumed 1, 459trillion BTU, making it the seventh-lowest state in terms of consumption of energy per capita, and 31 percent of that energy came from natural gas.
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Massachusetts has 10 regional metropolitan planning organizations and three non-metropolitan planning organizations covering the remainder of the state; statewide planning is handled by the Massachusetts Department of Transportation.
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Massachusetts has a total of 1, 110 miles of freight trackage in operation.
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Massachusetts has 39 public-use airfields and more than 200 private landing spots.
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Major non-interstate highways in Massachusetts include U S Routes 1, 3, 6, and 20, and state routes 2, 3, 9, 24, and 128.
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In 2006, Massachusetts became the first state to approve a law that provided for nearly universal healthcare.
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Government of Massachusetts is divided into three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial.
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In U S presidential elections since 2012, Massachusetts has been allotted 11 votes in the electoral college, out of a total of 538.
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Since the 1950s, Massachusetts has gained a reputation as being a politically liberal state and is often used as an archetype of modern liberalism, hence the phrase "Massachusetts liberal".
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Massachusetts is one of the most Democratic states in the country.
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Additionally, Massachusetts provided Reagan with his smallest margins of victory in both the 1980 and 1984 elections.
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Massachusetts had been the only state to vote for Democrat George McGovern in the 1972 Presidential Election.
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Massachusetts is the most populous state to be represented in the United States Congress entirely by a single party.
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In 2008, Massachusetts voters passed an initiative decriminalizing possession of small amounts of marijuana.
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Voters in Massachusetts approved a ballot measure in 2012 that legalized the medical use of marijuana.
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Massachusetts was an early center of the Transcendentalist movement, which emphasized intuition, emotion, human individuality and a deeper connection with nature.
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Massachusetts is home to a large number of museums and historical sites.
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Plimoth Plantation and Old Sturbridge Village are two open-air or "living" museums in Massachusetts, recreating life as it was in the 17th and early 19th centuries, respectively.
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Massachusetts is one of the states with the largest percentage of Catholics.
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Massachusetts General was founded in 1811 and serves as the largest teaching hospital for nearby Harvard University.
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State of Massachusetts is a center for medical education and research including Harvard's Brigham and Women's Hospital, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute as well as the New England Baptist Hospital, Tufts Medical Center, and Boston Medical Center which is the primary teaching hospital for Boston University.
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Massachusetts is home to five major league professional sports teams: seventeen-time NBA Champions Boston Celtics, nine-time World Series winners Boston Red Sox, six-time Stanley Cup winners Boston Bruins, six-time Super Bowl winners New England Patriots, and Major League Soccer team New England Revolution.
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Massachusetts is the home of rowing events such as the Eastern Sprints on Lake Quinsigamond and the Head of the Charles Regatta.
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Massachusetts has produced several successful Olympians including Thomas Burke, James Connolly, and John Thomas; Butch Johnson (archery); Nancy Kerrigan (figure skating); Todd Richards (snowboarding); Albina Osipowich (swimming); Aly Raisman (gymnastics); Patrick Ewing (basketball); as well as Jim Craig, Mike Eruzione, Bill Cleary, and Keith Tkachuk (ice hockey).
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