50 Facts About MIT


The institute has a strong entrepreneurial culture and MIT alumni have founded or co-founded many notable companies.

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MIT is a member of the Association of American Universities and has received more Sloan Research Fellowships than any other university in North America.

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MIT did not wish to found a professional school, but a combination with elements of both professional and liberal education, proposing that:.

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Two days after MIT was chartered, the first battle of the Civil War broke out.

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Unlike Ivy League schools, MIT catered more to middle-class families, and depended more on tuition than on endowments or grants for its funding.

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Post-war government-sponsored research at MIT included SAGE and guidance systems for ballistic missiles and Project Apollo.

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MIT ultimately divested itself from the Instrumentation Laboratory and moved all classified research off-campus to the MIT Lincoln Laboratory facility in 1973 in response to the protests.

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However six MIT students were sentenced to prison terms at this time and some former student leaders, such as Michael Albert and George Katsiaficas, are still indignant about MIT's role in military research and its suppression of these protests.

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MIT has kept pace with and helped to advance the digital age.

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MIT was named a sea-grant college in 1976 to support its programs in oceanography and marine sciences and was named a space-grant college in 1989 to support its aeronautics and astronautics programs.

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In 2001, inspired by the open source and open access movements, MIT launched OpenCourseWare to make the lecture notes, problem sets, syllabi, exams, and lectures from the great majority of its courses available online for no charge, though without any formal accreditation for coursework completed.

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In March 2009 the MIT faculty adopted an open-access policy to make its scholarship publicly accessible online.

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On November 25, 2013, MIT announced the creation of the Collier Medal, to be awarded annually to "an individual or group that embodies the character and qualities that Officer Collier exhibited as a member of the MIT community and in all aspects of his life".

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In October 2018 MIT announced that it would open a new Schwarzman College of Computing dedicated to the study of artificial intelligence, named after lead donor and The Blackstone Group CEO Stephen Schwarzman.

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Weiss, who is an MIT graduate, designed the laser interferometric technique, which served as the essential blueprint for the LIGO.

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The bridge closest to MIT is the Harvard Bridge, which is known for being marked off in a non-standard unit of length – the smoot.

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The Cambridge neighborhoods surrounding MIT are a mixture of high tech companies occupying both modern office and rehabilitated industrial buildings, as well as socio-economically diverse residential neighborhoods.

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In early 2016, MIT presented its updated Kendall Square Initiative to the City of Cambridge, with plans for mixed-use educational, retail, residential, startup incubator, and office space in a dense high-rise transit-oriented development plan.

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Each building at MIT has a number designation, and most have a name as well.

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MIT Nano, known as Building 12, is an interdisciplinary facility for nanoscale research.

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In 2001, the Environmental Protection Agency sued MIT for violating the Clean Water Act and the Clean Air Act with regard to its hazardous waste storage and disposal procedures.

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MIT settled the suit by paying a $155, 000 fine and launching three environmental projects.

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MIT has taken steps to reduce its environmental impact by running alternative fuel campus shuttles, subsidizing public transportation passes, and building a low-emission cogeneration plant that serves most of the campus electricity, heating, and cooling requirements.

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MIT has substantial commercial real estate holdings in Cambridge on which it pays property taxes, plus an additional voluntary payment in lieu of taxes on academic buildings which are legally tax-exempt.

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MIT has an active Greek and co-op housing system, including thirty-six fraternities, sororities, and independent living groups.

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In 2017, MIT shut down Senior House after a century of service as an undergrad dorm.

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MIT is chartered as a non-profit organization and is owned and governed by a privately appointed board of trustees known as the MIT Corporation.

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MIT has five schools and one college (Schwarzman College of Computing), but no schools of law or medicine.

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MIT is a large, highly residential, research university with a majority of enrollments in graduate and professional programs.

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MIT students refer to both their majors and classes using numbers or acronyms alone.

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In 1970, the then-Dean of Institute Relations, Benson R Snyder, published The Hidden Curriculum, arguing that education at MIT was often slighted in favor of following a set of unwritten expectations and that graduating with good grades was more often the product of figuring out the system rather than a solid education.

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MIT offers a comprehensive doctoral program with degrees in the humanities, social sciences, and STEM fields as well as professional degrees, including the Master of Business Administration.

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MIT Bootcamps are intense week-long innovation and leadership programs that challenge participants to develop a venture in a week.

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MIT established a Washington Office in 1991 to continue effective lobbying for research funding and national science policy.

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MIT ultimately prevailed when the Justice Department dropped the case in 1994.

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MIT has a long-term partnership with Imperial College London, for both student exchanges and research collaboration.

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Mass-market magazine Technology Review is published by MIT through a subsidiary company, as is a special edition that serves as an alumni magazine.

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The MIT Press is a major university press, publishing over 200 books and 30 journals annually, emphasizing science and technology as well as arts, architecture, new media, current events, and social issues.

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MIT allocates a percentage of the budget for all new construction and renovation to commission and support its extensive public art and outdoor sculpture collection.

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MIT Museum was founded in 1971 and collects, preserves, and exhibits artifacts significant to the culture and history of MIT.

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MIT was elected to the Association of American Universities in 1934 and is classified among "R1: Doctoral Universities – Very high research activity"; research expenditures totaled $952 million in 2017.

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MIT biologists have been awarded six Nobel Prizes for their contributions to genetics, immunology, oncology, and molecular biology.

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MIT has never awarded an honorary degree, nor does it award athletic scholarships, ad eundem degrees, or Latin honors upon graduation.

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However, MIT has twice awarded honorary professorships: to Winston Churchill in 1949 and Salman Rushdie in 1993.

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MIT participates in the NCAA's Division III, the New England Women's and Men's Athletic Conference, the New England Football Conference, NCAA's Division I Patriot League for women's crew, and the Collegiate Water Polo Association for Men's Water Polo.

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The intercollegiate sports teams, called the MIT Engineers won 22 Team National Championships, 42 Individual National Championships.

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MIT is the all-time Division III leader in producing Academic All-Americas and rank second across all NCAA Divisions only behind the University of Nebraska.

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MIT Athletes won 13 Elite 90 awards and ranks first among NCAA Division III programs, and third among all divisions.

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Faculty members who have made extraordinary contributions to their research field as well as the MIT community are granted appointments as Institute Professors for the remainder of their tenures.

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MIT alumni founded or co-founded many notable companies, such as Intel, McDonnell Douglas, Texas Instruments, 3Com, Qualcomm, Bose, Raytheon, Apotex, Koch Industries, Rockwell International, Genentech, Dropbox, and Campbell Soup.

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