141 Facts About Intel


Intel Corporation is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California.

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Intel was a key component of the rise of Silicon Valley as a high-tech center.

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Intel was an early developer of SRAM and DRAM memory chips, which represented the majority of its business until 1981.

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In 1992, Intel became the biggest chip maker by revenue and held the position until 2018 when it was surpassed by Samsung, but Intel returned to its former position the year after.

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Only major competitor in the x86 processor market is AMD, with which Intel has had full cross-licensing agreements since 1976: each partner can use the other's patented technological innovations without charge after a certain time.

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Intel has been involved in several disputes regarding violation of antitrust laws, which are noted below.

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Intel was founded in Mountain View, California, on July 18, 1968 by Gordon E Moore, a chemist, and Robert Noyce, a physicist and co-inventor of the integrated circuit.

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Just 2 years later, Intel became a public company via an initial public offering, raising $6.

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At its founding, Intel was distinguished by its ability to make logic circuits using semiconductor devices.

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Intel's business grew during the 1970s as it expanded and improved its manufacturing processes and produced a wider range of products, still dominated by various memory devices.

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Intel created the first commercially available microprocessor in 1971.

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Intel opened its first international manufacturing facility in 1972, in Malaysia, which would host multiple Intel operations, before opening assembly facilities and semiconductor plants in Singapore and Jerusalem in the early 1980s, and manufacturing and development centres in China, India and Costa Rica in the 1990s.

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The growing success of the IBM personal computer, based on an Intel microprocessor, was among factors that convinced Gordon Moore to shift the company's focus to microprocessors and to change fundamental aspects of that business model.

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Intel had for a number of years been embroiled in litigation.

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In 2006, Intel unveiled its Core microarchitecture to widespread critical acclaim; the product range was perceived as an exceptional leap in processor performance that at a stroke regained much of its leadership of the field.

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Later that year, Intel released a processor with the Nehalem architecture to positive reception.

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The move was intended to permit Intel to focus its resources on its core x86 and server businesses, and the acquisition completed on November 9, 2006.

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In 2008, Intel spun off key assets of a solar startup business effort to form an independent company, SpectraWatt Inc In 2011, SpectraWatt filed for bankruptcy.

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Intel produces three-quarters of its products in the United States, although three-quarters of its revenue come from overseas.

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Alliance for Affordable Internet was launched in October 2013 and Intel is part of the coalition of public and private organizations that includes Facebook, Google, and Microsoft.

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In December 2011, Intel announced that it reorganized several of its business units into a new mobile and communications group that would be responsible for the company's smartphone, tablet, and wireless efforts.

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Intel planned to introduce Medfield – a processor for tablets and smartphones – to the market in 2012, as an effort to compete with ARM.

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In 2014, Intel cut thousands of employees in response to "evolving market trends", and offered to subsidize manufacturers for the extra costs involved in using Intel chips in their tablets.

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Intel continued its tick-tock model of a microarchitecture change followed by a die shrink until the 6th generation Core family based on the Skylake microarchitecture.

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On March 15, 2018, Intel reported that it will redesign its CPUs to protect against the Spectre security vulnerability, will release the redesigned processors later in 2018.

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In January 2022, Intel reportedly selected New Albany, Ohio, near Columbus, Ohio, as the site for a major new manufacturing facility.

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Intel expects the facility to begin producing chips by 2025.

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Originally developed for the Japanese company Busicom to replace a number of ASICs in a calculator already produced by Busicom, the Intel 4004 was introduced to the mass market on November 15, 1971, though the microprocessor did not become the core of Intel's business until the mid-1980s.

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In 1983, at the dawn of the personal computer era, Intel's profits came under increased pressure from Japanese memory-chip manufacturers, and then-president Andy Grove focused the company on microprocessors.

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In doing this, Intel breached its contract with AMD, which sued and was paid millions of dollars in damages but could not manufacture new Intel CPU designs any longer.

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Intel introduced the 486 microprocessor in 1989, and in 1990 established a second design team, designing the processors code-named "P5" and "P6" in parallel and committing to a major new processor every two years, versus the four or more years such designs had previously taken.

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The P5 was introduced in 1993 as the Intel Pentium, substituting a registered trademark name for the former part number.

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In 2017, Intel announced that the Itanium 9700 series would be the last Itanium chips produced.

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Shortly after, Intel began manufacturing fully configured "white box" systems for the dozens of PC clone companies that rapidly sprang up.

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In June 1994, Intel engineers discovered a flaw in the floating-point math subsection of the P5 Pentium microprocessor.

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Intel corrected the error in a future chip revision, and under public pressure it issued a total recall and replaced the defective Pentium CPUs on customer request.

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Intel changed its position and offered to replace every chip, quickly putting in place a large end-user support organization.

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Dr Nicely later learned that Intel had discovered the FDIV bug in its own testing a few months before him.

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In November 2008, Intel released the first generation Core processors based on the Nehalem microarchitecture.

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Intel introduced a new naming scheme, with the three variants now named Core i3, i5, and i7.

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In 2011, Intel released the Sandy Bridge-based 2nd generation Core processor family.

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Intel continued its tick-tock model of a microarchitecture change followed by a die shrink until the 6th generation Core family based on the Skylake microarchitecture.

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From 2016 until 2021, Intel later released more optimizations on the Skylake microarchitecture with Kaby Lake R, Amber Lake, Whiskey Lake, Coffee Lake, Coffee Lake R, and Comet Lake.

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Intel struggled to shrink their process node from 14 nm to 10 nm, with the first microarchitecture under that node, Cannon Lake, only being released in small quantities in 2018.

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In 2019, Intel released the 10th generation of Core processors, codenamed "Amber Lake", "Comet Lake", and "Ice Lake".

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In early January 2018, it was reported that all Intel processors made since 1995 have been subject to two security flaws dubbed Meltdown and Spectre.

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On March 15, 2018, Intel reported that it will redesign its CPUs to protect against the Spectre security vulnerability, and expects to release the newly redesigned processors later in 2018.

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Intel reported that they are preparing new patches to mitigate these flaws.

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On January 18, 2019, Intel disclosed three new vulnerabilities affecting all Intel CPUs, named "Fallout", "RIDL", and "ZombieLoad", allowing a program to read information recently written, read data in the line-fill buffers and load ports, and leak information from other processes and virtual machines.

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The first Mac computers containing Intel CPUs were announced on January 10, 2006, and Apple had its entire line of consumer Macs running on Intel processors by early August 2006.

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In 2017, Intel introduced SSDs based on 3D XPoint technology under the Optane brand name.

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In July 2022, Intel disclosed in its Q2 earnings report that it would cease future product development within its Optane business.

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In November 2014, Intel revealed that it is going to use light beams to speed up supercomputers.

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Intel is one of the biggest stakeholders in the self-driving car industry, having joined the race in mid 2017 after joining forces with Mobileye.

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Intel learned that voice control regulator is vital, and the interface between the humans and machine eases the discomfort condition, and brings some sense of control back.

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Intel has sold Stratix, Arria, and Cyclone FPGAs since acquiring Altera in 2015.

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In 2019, Intel released Agilex FPGAs: chips aimed at data centers, 5G applications, and other uses.

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Gaede videotaped data from his computer screen at Intel and mailed it to AMD, which immediately alerted Intel and authorities, resulting in Gaede's arrest.

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On June 21, 2018, Intel announced the resignation of Brian Krzanich as CEO, with the exposure of a relationship he had with an employee.

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On January 13, 2021, Intel announced that Swan would be replaced as CEO by Pat Gelsinger, effective February 15.

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Intel has a mandatory retirement policy for its CEOs when they reach age 65.

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Intel's headquarters are located in Santa Clara, California, and the company has operations around the world.

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Intel is the largest industrial employer in New Mexico while in Arizona the company has 12, 000 employees as of January 2020.

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In January 2014, it was reported that Intel would cut about 5, 000 jobs from its work force of 107, 000.

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In 2021, Intel reversed course under new CEO Pat Gelsinger and started hiring thousands of engineers.

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Intel has a Diversity Initiative, including employee diversity groups as well as supplier diversity programs.

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In 1994, Intel sanctioned one of the earliest corporate Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender employee groups, and supports a Muslim employees group, a Jewish employees group, and a Bible-based Christian group.

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In January 2015, Intel announced the investment of $300 million over the next five years to enhance gender and racial diversity in their own company as well as the technology industry as a whole.

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NPR reports that Intel is facing a retention problem, not just a pipeline problem.

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Intel has been operating in the State of Israel since Dov Frohman founded the Israeli branch of the company in 1974 in a small office in Haifa.

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In 2010, Intel purchased McAfee, a manufacturer of computer security technology, for $7.

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In September 2016, Intel sold a majority stake in its computer-security unit to TPG Capital, reversing the five-year-old McAfee acquisition.

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Intel planned to use Infineon's technology in laptops, smart phones, netbooks, tablets and embedded computers in consumer products, eventually integrating its wireless modem into Intel's silicon chips.

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In July 2011, Intel announced that it had agreed to acquire Fulcrum Microsystems Inc, a company specializing in network switches.

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Intel used to be included on the EE Times list of 60 Emerging Startups.

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In October 2011, Intel reached a deal to acquire Telmap, an Israeli-based navigation software company.

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In July 2013, Intel confirmed the acquisition of Omek Interactive, an Israeli company that makes technology for gesture-based interfaces, without disclosing the monetary value of the deal.

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An official statement from Intel read: "The acquisition of Omek Interactive will help increase Intel's capabilities in the delivery of more immersive perceptual computing experiences.

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The terms of the deal were not disclosed but an email from an Intel representative stated: "Intel has acquired Indisys, a privately held company based in Seville, Spain.

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In February 2015, Intel announced its agreement to purchase German network chipmaker Lantiq, to aid in its expansion of its range of chips in devices with Internet connection capability.

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In June 2015, Intel announced its agreement to purchase FPGA design company Altera for $16.

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In October 2015, Intel bought cognitive computing company Saffron Technology for an undisclosed price.

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In December 2016, Intel acquired computer vision startup Movidius for an undisclosed price.

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In March 2017, Intel announced that they had agreed to purchase Mobileye, an Israeli developer of "autonomous driving" systems for US$15.

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In January 2019, Intel announced an investment of over $11 billion on a new Israeli chip plant, as told by the Israeli Finance Minister.

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In November 2021, Intel recruited some of the employees of the Centaur Technology division from VIA Technologies, a deal worth $125 million, and effectively acquiring the talent and knowhow of their x86 division.

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In December 2021, Intel announced its plan to take Mobileye automotive unit via an IPO of newly issued stock in 2022, maintaining its majority ownership of the company.

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In May 2022, Intel announced that they have acquired Finnish graphics technology firm Siru innovations.

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The firm founded by ex-AMD Qualcomm mobile GPU engineers, is focused on developing software and silicon building blocks for GPU's made by other companies and is set to join Intel's fledgling Accelerated Computing Systems and Graphics Group.

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In May 2022, it was announced that Ericsson and Intel, are pooling research and development to create high-performing Cloud RAN solutions.

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In 2011, Intel Capital announced a new fund to support startups working on technologies in line with the company's concept for next generation notebooks.

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Intel is setting aside a $300 million fund to be spent over the next three to four years in areas related to ultrabooks.

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Intel has a significant participation in the open source communities since 1999.

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For example, in 2006 Intel released MIT-licensed X org drivers for their integrated graphic cards of the i965 family of chipsets.

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Intel released FreeBSD drivers for some networking cards, available under a BSD-compatible license, which were ported to OpenBSD.

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Intel ran the Moblin project until April 23, 2009, when they handed the project over to the Linux Foundation.

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Linspire-Linux creator Michael Robertson outlined the difficult position that Intel was in releasing to open source, as Intel did not want to upset their large customer Microsoft.

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Theo de Raadt of OpenBSD claimed that Intel is being "an Open Source fraud" after an Intel employee presented a distorted view of the situation at an open-source conference.

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In spite of the significant negative attention Intel received as a result of the wireless dealings, the binary firmware still has not gained a license compatible with free software principles.

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Intel has supported other open source projects such as Blender and Open 3D Engine.

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The first Intel logo featured the company's name stylized in all lowercase, with the letter e dropped below the other letters.

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Intel has become one of the world's most recognizable computer brands following its long-running Intel Inside campaign.

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The idea for "Intel Inside" came out of a meeting between Intel and one of the major computer resellers, MicroAge.

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Intel wanted MicroAge to petition its computer suppliers to favor Intel chips.

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Intel's counterargument was that it would be too difficult to educate PC buyers on why Intel microprocessors were worth paying more for.

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Mion felt that the public didn't really need to fully understand why Intel chips were better, they just needed to feel they were better.

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Intel would pay for a MicroAge billboard somewhere saying, "If you're buying a personal computer, make sure it has Intel inside.

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Intel's branding campaign started with "The Computer Inside" tagline in 1990 in the US and Europe.

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The Japan chapter of Intel proposed an "Intel in it" tagline and kicked off the Japanese campaign by hosting EKI-KON at the Tokyo railway station dome on Christmas Day, December 25, 1990.

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Intel paid some of the advertiser's costs for an ad that used the Intel Inside logo and xylo-marimba jingle.

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In 2008, Intel planned to shift the emphasis of its Intel Inside campaign from traditional media such as television and print to newer media such as the Internet.

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The Intel jingle was made in 1994 to coincide with the launch of the Pentium.

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In 2006, Intel expanded its promotion of open specification platforms beyond Centrino, to include the Viiv media center PC and the business desktop Intel vPro.

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In mid-January 2006, Intel announced that they were dropping the long running Pentium name from their processors.

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In 2022, Intel announced that they are dropping the Pentium and Celeron naming schemes for their laptop entry level processors starting in 2023.

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The "Intel Processor" branding will be replacing the old Pentium and Celeron naming schemes.

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Neo Sans Intel is a customized version of Neo Sans based on the Neo Sans and Neo Tech, designed by Sebastian Lester in 2004.

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Previously, Intel used Helvetica as its standard typeface in corporate marketing.

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Intel Clear is a global font announced in 2014 designed for to be used across all communications.

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Neo Sans Intel remained in logo and to mark processor type and socket on the packaging of Intel's processors.

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In September 2005, Intel filed a response to an AMD lawsuit, disputing AMD's claims, and claiming that Intel's business practices are fair and lawful.

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On November 4, 2009, New York's attorney general filed an antitrust lawsuit against Intel Corp, claiming the company used "illegal threats and collusion" to dominate the market for computer microprocessors.

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The allegations, going back to 2003, include giving preferential prices to computer makers buying most or all of their chips from Intel, paying computer makers to delay or cancel the launch of products using AMD chips, and providing chips at below standard cost to governments and educational institutions.

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Intel responded that the allegations were unfounded and instead qualified its market behavior as consumer-friendly.

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In February 2008, Intel announced that its office in Munich had been raided by European Union regulators.

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In May 2009, the EU found that Intel had engaged in anti-competitive practices and subsequently fined Intel €1.

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Intel was found to have paid companies, including Acer, Dell, HP, Lenovo and NEC, to exclusively use Intel chips in their products, and therefore harmed other, less successful companies including AMD.

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The European Commission said that Intel had deliberately acted to keep competitors out of the computer chip market and in doing so had made a "serious and sustained violation of the EU's antitrust rules".

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Intel has said that they will appeal against the commission's verdict.

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In November 2009, following a two-year investigation, New York Attorney General Andrew Cuomo sued Intel, accusing them of bribery and coercion, claiming that Intel bribed computer makers to buy more of their chips than those of their rivals and threatened to withdraw these payments if the computer makers were perceived as working too closely with its competitors.

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In particular, the SEC charged that from 2002 to 2006, Dell had an agreement with Intel to receive rebates in exchange for not using chips manufactured by AMD.

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Intel has been accused by some residents of Rio Rancho, New Mexico of allowing volatile organic compounds to be released in excess of their pollution permit.

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In 2009, Intel announced that it planned to undertake an effort to remove conflict resources—materials sourced from mines whose profits are used to fund armed militant groups, particularly within the Democratic Republic of the Congo—from its supply chain.

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Intel sought conflict-free sources of the precious metals common to electronics from within the country, using a system of first- and third-party audits, as well as input from the Enough Project and other organizations.

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In 2016, Intel stated that it had expected its entire supply chain to be conflict-free by the end of the year.

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Intel has faced complaints of age discrimination in firing and layoffs.

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Intel was sued in 1993 by nine former employees, over allegations that they were laid off because they were over the age of 40.

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Upside magazine requested data from Intel breaking out its hiring and firing by age, but the company declined to provide any.

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Intel has denied that age plays any role in Intel's employment practices.

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FACE Intel was founded by Ken Hamidi, who was fired from Intel in 1995 at the age of 47.

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Intel had reportedly been paying taxes as a non-air-conditioned office, when the campus in fact had central air conditioning.

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