84 Facts About Google


Google was founded on September 4, 1998, by Larry Page and Sergey Brin while they were PhD students at Stanford University in California.

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Google went public via an initial public offering in 2004.

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In 2015, Google was reorganized as a wholly owned subsidiary of Alphabet Inc Google is Alphabet's largest subsidiary and is a holding company for Alphabet's Internet properties and interests.

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Google is the largest search engine, mapping and navigation application, email provider, office suite, video sharing platform, photo and cloud storage provider, mobile operating system, web browser, ML framework, and AI virtual assistant provider in the world as measured by market share.

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Google began in January 1996 as a research project by Larry Page and Sergey Brin when they were both PhD students at Stanford University in California.

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Google was initially funded by an August 1998 investment of $100, 000 from Andy Bechtolsheim, co-founder of Sun Microsystems, a few weeks prior to September 7, 1998, the day Google was officially incorporated.

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Google received money from two other angel investors in 1998: Amazon.

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Between these initial investors, friends, and family Google raised around $1, 000, 000, which is what allowed them to open up their original shop in Menlo Park, California.

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The next year, Google began selling advertisements associated with search keywords against Page and Brin's initial opposition toward an advertising-funded search engine.

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Additionally, in 2001 Google's investors felt the need to have a strong internal management, and they agreed to hire Eric Schmidt as the chairman and CEO of Google.

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Google had been trying to find a CEO that Sergey and Larry would accept for several months, but they rejected several candidates because they wanted to retain control over the company.

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Google offered 19, 605, 052 shares at a price of $85 per share.

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These data centers allowed Google to handle the ever-changing workload more efficiently.

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Google announced the launch of a new company, called Calico, on September 19, 2013, to be led by Apple Inc chairman Arthur Levinson.

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On January 26, 2014, Google announced it had agreed to acquire DeepMind Technologies, a privately held artificial intelligence company from London.

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On March 19, 2019, Google announced that it would enter the video game market, launching a cloud gaming platform called Google Stadia.

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In March 2021, Google reportedly paid $20 million for Ubisoft ports on Google Stadia.

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Google spent "tens of millions of dollars" on getting major publishers such as Ubisoft and Take-Two to bring some of their biggest games to Stadia.

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In 2022, Google began accepting requests for the removal of phone numbers, physical addresses and email addresses from its search results.

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In May 2022, Google announced that the company had acquired California based, MicroLED display technology development and manufacturing Start-up Raxium.

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Google launched its Google News service in 2002, an automated service which summarizes news articles from various websites.

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In 2007, Google launched "AdSense for Mobile", taking advantage of the emerging mobile advertising market.

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Google Analytics allows website owners to track where and how people use their website, for example by examining click rates for all the links on a page.

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Google Ads allows advertisers to display their advertisements in the Google content network, through a cost-per-click scheme.

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The sister service, Google AdSense, allows website owners to display these advertisements on their website and earn money every time ads are clicked.

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Google Earth, launched in 2005, allowed users to see high-definition satellite pictures from all over the world for free through a client software downloaded to their computers.

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In January 2010, Google released Nexus One, the first Android phone under its own brand.

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In July 2013, Google introduced the Chromecast dongle, which allows users to stream content from their smartphones to televisions.

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In June 2014, Google announced Google Cardboard, a simple cardboard viewer that lets user place their smartphone in a special front compartment to view virtual reality media.

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On September 24, 2012, Google launched Google for Entrepreneurs, a largely not-for-profit business incubator providing startups with co-working spaces known as Campuses, with assistance to startup founders that may include workshops, conferences, and mentorships.

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In February 2010, Google announced the Google Fiber project, with experimental plans to build an ultra-high-speed broadband network for 50, 000 to 500, 000 customers in one or more American cities.

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Google is listed on the NASDAQ stock exchange under the ticker symbols GOOGL and GOOG, and on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol GGQ1.

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Google generated $50 billion in annual revenue for the first time in 2012, generating $38 billion the previous year.

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Google's consolidated revenue for the third quarter of 2013 was reported in mid-October 2013 as $14.

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In 2020, Google said it had overhauled its controversial global tax structure and consolidated all of its intellectual property holdings back to the US.

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In January 2016, Google reached a settlement with the UK to pay £130m in back taxes plus higher taxes in future.

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In 2013, Google ranked 5th in lobbying spending, up from 213th in 2003.

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Name "Google" originated from a misspelling of "googol", which refers to the number represented by a 1 followed by one-hundred zeros.

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Page and Brin write in their original paper on PageRank: "We chose our systems name, Google, because it is a common spelling of googol, or 10 and fits well with our goal of building very large-scale search engines.

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Since 1998, Google has been designing special, temporary alternate logos to place on their homepage intended to celebrate holidays, events, achievements and people.

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The first Google Doodle was in honor of the Burning Man Festival of 1998.

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Subsequent Google Doodles were designed by an outside contractor, until Larry and Sergey asked then-intern Dennis Hwang to design a logo for Bastille Day in 2000.

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In 2007, Google announced a free Internet service called TiSP, or Toilet Internet Service Provider, where one obtained a connection by flushing one end of a fiber-optic cable down their toilet.

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Google's services contain easter eggs, such as the Swedish Chef's "Bork bork bork, " Pig Latin, "Hacker" or leetspeak, Elmer Fudd, Pirate, and Klingon as language selections for its search engine.

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On Fortune magazine's list of the best companies to work for, Google ranked first in 2007, 2008 and 2012, and fourth in 2009 and 2010.

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Google was nominated in 2010 to be the world's most attractive employer to graduating students in the Universum Communications talent attraction index.

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In 2013, a class action against several Silicon Valley companies, including Google, was filed for alleged "no cold call" agreements which restrained the recruitment of high-tech employees.

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Google had previously been accused of surveilling and firing employees who were suspected of organizing a workers union.

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In 2021 court documents revealed that between 2018 and 2020 Google ran an anti-union campaign called Project Vivian to "convince them that unions suck".

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In 2006, Google moved into about 300, 000 square feet of office space at 111 Eighth Avenue in Manhattan, New York City.

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In 2010, Google bought the building housing the headquarter, in a deal that valued the property at around $1.

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In November 2018, Google announced its plan to expand its New York City office to a capacity of 12, 000 employees.

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In November 2006, Google opened offices on Carnegie Mellon's campus in Pittsburgh, focusing on shopping-related advertisement coding and smartphone applications and programs.

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In November 2013, Google announced plans for a new London headquarter, a 1 million square foot office able to accommodate 4, 500 employees.

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In May 2015, Google announced its intention to create its own campus in Hyderabad, India.

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Traditionally, Google relied on parallel computing on commodity hardware like mainstream x86 computers to keep costs per query low.

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Google built its own private submarine communications cables; the first, named Curie, connects California with Chile and was completed on November 15, 2019.

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The second fully Google-owned undersea cable, named Dunant, connects the United States with France and is planned to begin operation in 2020.

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Since 2007, Google has aimed for carbon neutrality in regard to its operations.

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Google disclosed in September 2011 that it "continuously uses enough electricity to power 200, 000 homes", almost 260 million watts or about a quarter of the output of a nuclear power plant.

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Google said that 25 percent of its energy was supplied by renewable fuels in 2010.

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In 2010, Google Energy made its first investment in a renewable energy project, putting $38.

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In July 2010, Google signed an agreement with an Iowa wind farm to buy 114 megawatts of power for 20 years.

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In September 2020, Google announced it had retroactively offset all of its carbon emissions since the company's foundation in 1998.

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Google donates to politicians who deny climate change, including Jim Inhofe, and sponsors climate change denial political groups including the State Policy Network and the Competitive Enterprise Institute.

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Google hired Larry Brilliant as the program's executive director in 2004 and Megan Smith has since replaced him as director.

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In March 2007, in partnership with the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute, Google hosted the first Julia Robinson Mathematics Festival at its headquarters in Mountain View.

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In July 2012, Google launched a "Legalize Love" campaign in support of gay rights.

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In 2008, Google announced its "project 10" which accepted ideas for how to help the community and then allowed Google users to vote on their favorites.

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Google decided to transform its office in Warsaw into a help center for refugees.

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Google has had criticism over issues such as aggressive tax avoidance, search neutrality, copyright, censorship of search results and content, and privacy.

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Google formerly complied with Internet censorship policies of the People's Republic of China, enforced by means of filters colloquially known as "The Great Firewall of China", but no longer does so.

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The abuse of dominant position has been referred to Google's constraint applied to Android device manufacturers and network operators to ensure that traffic on Android devices goes to the Google search engine.

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On October 9, 2018, Google confirmed that it had appealed the fine to the General Court of the European Union.

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European Union competition commissioner Margrethe Vestager said Google had violated EU antitrust rules by "imposing anti-competitive contractual restrictions on third-party websites" that required them to exclude search results from Google's rivals.

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On January 21, 2019, French data regulator CNIL imposed a record €50 million fine on Google for breaching the European Union's General Data Protection Regulation.

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The judgment claimed Google had failed to sufficiently inform users of its methods for collecting data to personalize advertising.

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Google issued a statement saying it was "deeply committed" to transparency and was "studying the decision" before determining its response.

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The lawsuit alleged that Google engaged in anticompetitive behavior by paying Apple between $8 billion-$12 billion to be the default search engine on iPhones.

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In 2017, three women sued Google, accusing the company of violating California's Equal Pay Act by underpaying its female employees.

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The lawsuit cited the wage gape was around $17, 000 and that Google locked women into lower career tracks, leading to smaller salaries and bonuses.

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In June 2022, Google agreed to pay an $118 million settlement to 15, 550 female employees working in California since 2013.

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Google has worked with the United States Department of Defense on drone software through the 2017 Project Maven that could be used to improve the accuracy of drone strikes.

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Google ultimately decided not to renew this DoD contract, which was set to expire in 2019.

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