15 Facts About PhD


The completion of a PhD is often a requirement for employment as a university professor, researcher, or scientist in many fields.

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Specific requirements to earn a PhD degree vary considerably according to the country, institution, and time period, from entry-level research degrees to higher doctorates.

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The American students would go to Germany to obtain a PhD after having studied for a bachelor's degrees at an American college.

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Finally, in 1917, the current PhD degree was introduced, along the lines of the American and German model, and quickly became popular with both British and foreign students.

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Detailed requirements for the award of a PhD degree vary throughout the world and even from school to school.

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PhD confirmation is a preliminary presentation or lecture that a PhD candidate presents to faculty and possibly other interested members.

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PhD is required in some positions outside academia, such as research jobs in major international agencies.

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PhD students are sometimes offered a scholarship to study for their PhD degree.

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The PhD thesis is sent to external examiners who are experts in the field of research and who have not been involved in the work.

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At some Canadian universities, most PhD students receive an award equivalent to part or all of the tuition amount for the first four years .

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The PhD degree is only received after a successful defense of the candidate's thesis is performed, most of the time requiring the most important results having been published in at least one peer-reviewed high-impact international journal.

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Financing of PhD research comes mainly from funds for research of the French Ministry of Higher Education and Research.

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PhD is awarded in recognition of a substantial contribution to scientific knowledge, origination of new directions and visions in science.

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The period of funding for a PhD project is between three and four years, depending on the research council and the decisions of individual institutions, with extensions in funding of up to twelve months available to offset periods of absence for maternity leave, shared parental leave, adoption leave, absences covered by a medical certificate, and extended jury service.

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On 19 June 2013, for the first time in the Russian Federation, defenses were held for the PhD degree awarded by universities, instead of the Candidate of Sciences degree awarded by the State Supreme Certification Commission.

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