56 Facts About Android devices


Android devices is developed by a consortium of developers known as the Open Handset Alliance and commercially sponsored by Google.

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Over 70 percent of Android devices smartphones run Google's ecosystem; some with vendor-customized user interface and software suite, such as TouchWiz and later One UI by Samsung, and HTC Sense.

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However, the "Android" name and logo are trademarks of Google which imposes standards to restrict the use of Android branding by "uncertified" devices outside their ecosystem.

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Android devices has been the best-selling OS worldwide on smartphones since 2011 and on tablets since 2013.

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Android devices Inc was founded in Palo Alto, California, in October 2003 by Andy Rubin, Rich Miner, Nick Sears, and Chris White.

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Android devices then decided that the market for cameras was not large enough for its goals, and five months later it had diverted its efforts and was pitching Android as a handset operating system that would rival Symbian and Microsoft Windows Mobile.

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Since 2008, Android devices has seen numerous updates which have incrementally improved the operating system, adding new features and fixing bugs in previous releases.

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The device would become the start of the Google Play edition program, and was followed by other Android devices, including the HTC One Google Play edition, and Moto G Google Play edition.

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Android devices left Google in August 2013 to join Chinese phone maker Xiaomi.

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Plans to relaunch Android devices One surfaced in August 2015, with Africa announced as the next location for the program a week later.

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Such feature initially existed under the name "Auto Haptic" on the Android devices-based 2012 Samsung Galaxy S III, released with a vendor-modified installation of Android devices 4.

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Storage of Android devices can be expanded using secondary devices such as SD cards.

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Android devices recognizes two types of secondary storage: portable storage, and adoptable storage.

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Since Android devices are usually battery-powered, Android is designed to manage processes to keep power consumption at a minimum.

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Android devices manages the applications stored in memory automatically: when memory is low, the system will begin invisibly and automatically closing inactive processes, starting with those that have been inactive for the longest amount of time.

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Android devices incorporate many optional hardware components, including still or video cameras, GPS, orientation sensors, dedicated gaming controls, accelerometers, gyroscopes, barometers, magnetometers, proximity sensors, pressure sensors, thermometers, and touchscreens.

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For example, as Android devices was developed initially as a phone OS, hardware such as microphones were required, while over time the phone function became optional.

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Android devices used to require an autofocus camera, which was relaxed to a fixed-focus camera if present at all, since the camera was dropped as a requirement entirely when Android devices started to be used on set-top boxes.

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Chinese companies are building a PC and mobile operating system, based on Android devices, to "compete directly with Microsoft Windows and Google Android devices".

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The Chinese Academy of Engineering noted that "more than a dozen" companies were customizing Android devices following a Chinese ban on the use of Windows 8 on government PCs.

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Android devices is developed by Google until the latest changes and updates are ready to be released, at which point the source code is made available to the Android devices Open Source Project, an open source initiative led by Google.

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Hiroshi Lockheimer, the Android devices lead, admitted that "It's not an ideal situation", further commenting that the lack of updates is "the weakest link on security on Android devices".

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Mike Chan, co-founder of phone maker Nextbit and former Android devices developer, said that "The best way to solve this problem is a massive re-architecture of the operating system", "or Google could invest in training manufacturers and carriers 'to be good Android devices citizens".

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In September 2017, Google's Project Treble team revealed that, as part of their efforts to improve the security lifecycle of Android devices, Google had managed to get the Linux Foundation to agree to extend the support lifecycle of the Linux Long-Term Support kernel branch from the 2 years that it has historically lasted to 6 years for future versions of the LTS kernel, starting with Linux kernel 4.

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Google reported rolling out new amendments in Android devices 12 aimed at making the use of third-party application stores easier.

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Android devices's kernel is based on the Linux kernel's long-term support branches.

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Google engineer Patrick Brady once stated in the company's developer conference that "Android devices is not Linux", with Computerworld adding that "Let me make it simple for you, without Linux, there is no Android devices".

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Ars Technica wrote that "Although Android devices is built on top of the Linux kernel, the platform has very little in common with the conventional desktop Linux stack".

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In December 2011, Greg Kroah-Hartman announced the start of Android devices Mainlining Project, which aims to put some Android devices drivers, patches and features back into the Linux kernel, starting in Linux 3.

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Android devices is a Linux distribution according to the Linux Foundation, Google's open-source chief Chris DiBona, and several journalists.

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For its Java library, the Android devices platform uses a subset of the now discontinued Apache Harmony project.

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Manufacturers express concern about improper functioning of Android devices running unofficial software and the support costs resulting from this.

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Security threats on Android devices are reportedly growing exponentially; however, Google engineers have argued that the malware and virus threat on Android devices is being exaggerated by security companies for commercial reasons, and have accused the security industry of playing on fears to sell virus protection software to users.

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Analysis of data traffic by popular smartphones running variants of Android devices found substantial by-default data collection and sharing with no opt-out by this pre-installed software.

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However, the open-source nature of Android allows security contractors to take existing devices and adapt them for highly secure uses.

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Android devices smartphones have the ability to report the location of Wi-Fi access points, encountered as phone users move around, to build databases containing the physical locations of hundreds of millions of such access points.

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In September 2014, Jason Nova of Android devices Authority reported on a study by the German security company Fraunhofer AISEC in antivirus software and malware threats on Android devices.

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Source code for Android devices is open-source: it is developed in private by Google, with the source code released publicly when a new version of Android devices is released.

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The best known fully open source Android devices services are the LineageOS distribution and MicroG which acts as an open source replacement of Google Play Services.

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Richard Stallman and the Free Software Foundation have been critical of Android and have recommended the usage of alternatives such as Replicant, because drivers and firmware vital for the proper functioning of Android devices are usually proprietary, and because the Google Play Store application can forcibly install or uninstall applications and, as a result, invite non-free software.

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Google has enforced preferential bundling and placement of Google Mobile Services on Android devices, including mandated bundling of the entire main suite of Google applications, mandatory placement of shortcuts to Google Search and the Play Store app on or near the main home screen page in its default configuration, and granting a larger share of search revenue to OEMs who agree to not include third-party app stores on their Android devices.

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In March 2018, it was reported that Google had begun to block "uncertified" Android devices from using Google Mobile Services software, and display a warning indicating that "the device manufacturer has preloaded Google apps and services without certification from Google".

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Android devices received a lukewarm reaction when it was unveiled in 2007.

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The idea of an open-source, Linux-based development platform sparked interest, but there were additional worries about Android devices facing strong competition from established players in the smartphone market, such as Nokia and Microsoft, and rival Linux mobile operating systems that were in development.

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Since then Android devices has grown to become the most widely used smartphone operating system and "one of the fastest mobile experiences available".

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Three billion Android devices smartphones were estimated to be sold by the end of 2014 .

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One of the main causes was the chicken or the egg situation where consumers were hesitant to buy an Android devices tablet due to a lack of high quality tablet applications, but developers were hesitant to spend time and resources developing tablet applications until there was a significant market for them.

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Additionally, by providing infrastructure that combines dedicated hardware and dedicated applications running on regular Android devices, Google have opened up the platform for its use in particular usage scenarios, such as the Android devices Auto app for cars, and Daydream, a Virtual Reality platform.

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Open and customizable nature of Android devices allows device makers to use it on other electronics as well, including laptops, netbooks, and desktop computers, cameras, headphones, home automation systems, game consoles, media players, satellites, routers, printers, payment terminals, automated teller machines, and robots.

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Additionally, Android devices has been installed and run on a variety of less-technical objects, including calculators, single-board computers, feature phones, electronic dictionaries, alarm clocks, refrigerators, landline telephones, coffee machines, bicycles, and mirrors.

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Ouya, a video game console running Android devices, became one of the most successful Kickstarter campaigns, crowdfunding US$8.

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Parrot unveiled an Android devices-based car stereo system known as Asteroid in 2011, followed by a successor, the touchscreen-based Asteroid Smart, in 2012.

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Android devices comes preinstalled on a few laptops and can be installed on personal computers by end users.

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On those platforms Android devices provides additional functionality for physical keyboards and mice, together with the "Alt-Tab" key combination for switching applications quickly with a keyboard.

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The platform is built into Android devices starting with Android devices Nougat, differentiating from standalone support for VR capabilities.

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Mascot of Android devices is a green android robot, as related to the software's name.

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