44 Facts About Iowa

1. Iowa is the 26th most extensive in total area and the 31st most populous of the 50 US states, with a population of 3,190,369, according to the 2020 census.

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2. Iowa was part of a territory known as La Louisiane or Louisiana, and European traders were interested in lead and furs obtained by Indigenous people.

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3. Much of Iowa was mapped by Zebulon Pike in 1805, but it was not until the construction of Fort Madison in 1808 that the US established tenuous military control over the region.

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4. On December 28, 1846, Iowa became the 29th state in the Union when President James K Polk signed Iowa's admission bill into law.

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5. Once admitted to the Union, the state's boundary issues resolved, and most of its land purchased from Natives, Iowa set its direction to development and organized campaigns for settlers and investors, boasting the young frontier state's rich farmlands, fine citizens, free and open society, and good government.

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6. Iowa supported the Union during the Civil War, voting heavily for Abraham Lincoln, though there was an antiwar "Copperhead" movement in the state, caused partially by a drop in crop prices caused by the war.

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7. Iowa sent large supplies of food to the armies and the eastern cities.

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8. Iowa is bordered by the Mississippi River on the east and the Missouri River and the Big Sioux River on the west.

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9. Iowa is the only state whose east and west borders are formed almost entirely by rivers.

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10. Carter Lake, Iowa, is the only city in the state located west of the Missouri River.

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11. Southern part of Iowa is categorized as the Central forest-grasslands transition ecoregion.

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12. The Northern, drier part of Iowa is categorized as part of the Central tall grasslands.

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13. The 30-year annual average of tornadoes in Iowa is 47.

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14. The pattern of precipitation across Iowa is seasonal, with more rain falling in the summer months.

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15. Natives of northern Iowa—including Sioux City, Fort Dodge, and the Waterloo region—tend to speak the dialect linguists call North Central American English, which is found in North and South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Michigan.

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16. Natives of central and southern Iowa—including such cities as Council Bluffs, Davenport, Des Moines, and Iowa City—tend to speak the North Midland dialect found in eastern Nebraska, central Illinois, and central Indiana.

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17. Natives of East-Central Iowa—including cities such as Cedar Rapids, Dubuque, and Clinton tend to speak with the Northern Cities Vowel Shift, a dialect that extends from this area and east across the Great Lakes Region.

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18. The only indigenous language used regularly in Iowa is Meskwaki, used around the Meskwaki Settlement.

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19. Some of the most dramatic scenery in Iowa is found in the unique Loess Hills which are found along Iowa's western border.

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20. Northwest Iowa is home to some of the largest concentrations of wind turbine farms in the world.

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21. Iowa is home to more than 70 wineries, and hosts five regional wine tasting trails.

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22. Iowa was ranked 10th in "Economy", 12th in "Business Friendliness", 16th in "Education", 17th in both "Cost of Living" and "Quality of Life", 20th in "Workforce", 29th in "Technology and Innovation", 32nd in "Transportation" and the lowest ranking was 36th in "Access to Capital".

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23. Companies with direct or indirect processing facilities in Iowa include ConAgra Foods, Wells Blue Bunny, Barilla, Heinz, Tone's Spices, General Mills, and Quaker Oats.

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24. Iowa is the nation's largest producer of ethanol and corn and some years is the largest grower of soybeans.

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25. Iowa ranked first of US states in percentage of total power generated by wind and second in wind generating capacity behind Texas.

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26. Major producers of turbines and components in Iowa include Acciona Energy of West Branch, TPI Composites of Newton, and Siemens Energy of Fort Madison.

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27. In 2016, Iowa was the headquarters for three of the top 2,000 companies for revenue.

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28. Iowa imposes taxes on net state income of individuals, estates, and trusts.

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29. Iowa allows its residents to deduct their federal income taxes from their state income taxes.

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30. Iowa was one of the leading states in the high school movement, and continues to be among the top educational performers today.

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31. Iowa is among the few jurisdictions where municipalities install speed cameras on interstate highways providing a substantial revenue source from out of state drivers.

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32. Iowa is served by several regional airports including the Des Moines International Airport, the Eastern Iowa Airport, in Cedar Rapids, Quad City International Airport, in Moline, Illinois, and Eppley Airfield, in Omaha, Nebraska.

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33. Iowa is served by a number of local transit providers including Bettendorf Transit, Cambus, Cedar Rapids Transit, Coralville Transit, Cyride, Davenport Citibus, Des Moines Area Regional Transit, Iowa City Transit, The Jule, MET Transit, Omaha Metro Transit, Ottumwa Transit Authority, Quad Cities MetroLINK and Sioux City Transit.

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34. Iowa is an alcohol monopoly or alcoholic beverage control state.

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35. Iowa recognizes three political parties—the Republican Party, the Democratic Party, and the Libertarian Party.

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36. In 1847, the University of Iowa became the first public university in the US to admit men and women on an equal basis.

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37. In 1869, Iowa became the first state in the union to admit women to the practice of law, with the Court ruling women may not be denied the right to practice law in Iowa and admitting Arabella A Mansfield to the practice of law.

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38. Iowa added the word "women" to the Iowa Constitution in 1998.

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39. In May 2018 Iowa signed into law one of the country's most restrictive abortion bans: the requirement that a doctor cannot perform an abortion if they can detect a fetal heartbeat, which in many cases would restrict abortions pregnancies less than six weeks old.

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40. The state is mentioned in the band's songs, and the album Iowa is named after the state.

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41. Iowa is the birthplace of US President Herbert Hoover, Vice President Henry A Wallace, and two first ladies, Lou Henry Hoover and Mamie Eisenhower.

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42. Notable writers, artists, and news personalities born or raised in Iowa include Bill Bryson, George Gallup, Susan Glaspell, Mauricio Lasansky, Tomas Lasansky, Harry Reasoner, and Grant Wood.

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43. Twelve Tuskegee Airmen from World War II hailed from Iowa, including Robert Martin.

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44. Olympic gold medal-winning athletes born or raised in Iowa include Dan Gable, Shawn Johnson, and Cael Sanderson.

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