55 Facts About Missouri


Missouri is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States.

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Missouri was admitted as a slave state as part of the Missouri Compromise of 1820.

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Missouri played a central role in the westward expansion of the United States, as memorialized by the Gateway Arch.

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Missouri is a major center of beer brewing and has some of the most permissive alcohol laws in the U S It is home to Anheuser-Busch, the world's largest beer producer, and produces an eponymous wine produced in the Missouri Rhineland and Ozarks.

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Missouri has been called the "Mother of the West" and the "Cave State", but its most famous nickname is the "Show Me State".

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Land that became the state of Missouri was part of numerous different territories possessed changing and often indeterminate borders and had many different Native American and European names between the 1600s and statehood.

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The early Missouri settlements included many enslaved Africans and Native Americans, and slave labor was central to both commercial agriculture and the fur trade.

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Part of the 1803 Louisiana Purchase by the United States, Missouri earned the nickname Gateway to the West because it served as a significant departure point for expeditions and settlers heading to the West during the 19th century.

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In 1821, the former Missouri Territory was admitted as a slave state, under the Missouri Compromise, and with a temporary state capital in St Charles.

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In Neosho, Missouri, Jackson called the state legislature into session to call for secession.

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Missouri'storians have portrayed stories of the James brothers' outlaw years as an American "Robin Hood" myth.

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Progressive Era saw numerous prominent leaders from Missouri trying to end corruption and modernize politics, government, and society.

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Missouri successfully conducted antitrust prosecutions, ended free railroad passes for state officials, extended bribery statutes, improved election laws, required formal registration for lobbyists, made racetrack gambling illegal and enforced the Sunday-closing law.

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Missouri helped enact Progressive legislation, including an initiative and referendum provision, regulation of elections, education, employment and child labor, railroads, food, business, and public utilities.

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Between the Civil War and the end of World War II, Missouri transitioned from a rural economy to a hybrid industrial-service-agricultural economy as the Midwest rapidly industrialized.

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In 2014, Missouri received national attention for the protests and riots that followed the shooting of Michael Brown by a police officer of Ferguson, which led Governor Jay Nixon to call out the Missouri National Guard.

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Missouri is bounded by Iowa on the north; by Illinois, Kentucky, and Tennessee across the Mississippi River on the east; on the south by Arkansas; and by Oklahoma, Kansas, and Nebraska on the west.

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Whereas the northern and southern boundaries are straight lines, the Missouri Bootheel extends south between the St Francis and the Mississippi rivers.

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In 2005, Missouri received 16, 695, 000 visitors to its national parks and other recreational areas totaling 101, 000 acres, giving it $7.

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Missouri has many large river bluffs along the Mississippi, Missouri, and Meramec Rivers.

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Missouri generally has a humid continental climate with cool, sometimes cold, winters and hot, humid, and wet summers.

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Missouri is home to diverse flora and fauna, including several endemic species.

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Missouri is home to an endangered dialect of the French language known as Missouri French.

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Once widely spoken throughout the area, Missouri French is nearly extinct, with only a few elderly speakers able to use it.

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Several religious organizations have headquarters in Missouri, including the Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod, which has its headquarters in Kirkwood, as well as the United Pentecostal Church International in Hazelwood, both outside St Louis.

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Missouri is ranked 6th in the nation for the production of hogs and 7th for cattle.

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Missouri is ranked in the top five states in the nation for production of soy beans, and it is ranked fourth in the nation for the production of rice.

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Missouri has a growing science, agricultural technology, and biotechnology field.

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Missouri is the only state in the Union to have two Federal Reserve Banks: one in Kansas City and one in St Louis (serving eastern Missouri, southern Illinois, southern Indiana, western Kentucky, western Tennessee, northern Mississippi, and all of Arkansas).

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In 2017, the Tax Foundation rated Missouri as having the 5th-best corporate tax index, and the 15th-best overall tax climate.

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In 2012, Missouri had roughly 22, 000 MW of installed electricity generation capacity.

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Missouri has a small but growing amount of wind and solar power—wind capacity increased from 309 MW in 2009 to 459 MW in 2011, while photovoltaics have increased from 0.

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Oil wells in Missouri produced 120, 000 barrels of crude oil in fiscal 2012.

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Missouri has two major airport hubs: St Louis Lambert International Airport and Kansas City International Airport.

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Southern Missouri has the Springfield–Branson National Airport with multiple non-stop destinations.

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Mississippi River and Missouri River are commercially navigable over their entire lengths in Missouri.

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The Missouri was channelized through dredging and jetties, and the Mississippi was given a series of locks and dams to avoid rocks and deepen the river.

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The judicial department comprises the Supreme Court of Missouri, which has seven judges, the Missouri Court of Appeals, sitting in Kansas City, St Louis, and Springfield, and 45 Circuit Courts which function as local trial courts.

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Missouri was a judge in Jackson County and then represented the state in the United States Senate for ten years, before being elected vice-president in 1944.

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Missouri lived in Independence after retiring as president in 1953.

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Missouri was widely regarded as a bellwether in American politics, often making it a swing state.

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Missouri has been known for its population's generally "stalwart, conservative, noncredulous" attitude toward regulatory regimes, which is one of the origins of the state's unofficial nickname, the "Show-Me State".

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Missouri voters rejected prohibition in three separate referenda in 1910, 1912, and 1918.

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Missouri has no statewide open container law or prohibition on drinking in public, no alcohol-related blue laws, no local option, no precise locations for selling liquor by the package, and no differentiation of laws based on alcohol percentage.

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Missouri has 114 counties and one independent city, St Louis, which is Missouri's most densely populated—5, 140 people per square mile.

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St Louis is the principal city of the largest metropolitan area in Missouri, composed of 17 counties and the independent city of St Louis; eight of its counties are in Illinois.

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Some of the major cities making up the St Louis metro area in Missouri are O'Fallon, St Charles, St Peters, Florissant, Chesterfield, Wentzville, Wildwood, University City, and Ballwin.

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Some of the other major cities comprising the Kansas City metro area in Missouri include Independence, Lee's Summit, Blue Springs, Liberty, Raytown, Gladstone, and Grandview.

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Missouri schools are commonly but not exclusively divided into three tiers of primary and secondary education: elementary school, middle school or junior high school and high school.

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Homeschooling is legal in Missouri and is an option to meet the compulsory education requirement.

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Hannibal–LaGrange University in Hannibal, Missouri, was one of the first colleges west of the Mississippi.

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The rivalry was chiefly expressed through football and basketball games between the two universities, but since Missouri left the Big 12 Conference in 2012, the teams no longer regularly play one another.

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Country singers from Missouri include Perryville native Chris Janson, New Franklin native Sara Evans, Cantwell native Ferlin Husky, West Plains native Porter Wagoner, Tyler Farr of Garden City, and Mora native Leroy Van Dyke, along with bluegrass musician Rhonda Vincent, a native of Greentop.

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Novelist Daniel Woodrell, known for depicting life in the Missouri Ozarks, was born in Springfield and lives in West Plains.

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Missouri hosted the 1904 Summer Olympics at St Louis, the first time the games were hosted in the United States.

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