58 Facts About Illinois


Illinois was part of the United States' oldest territory, the Northwest Territory, and in 1818 it achieved statehood.

FactSnippet No. 470,242

The name Illinois derives from the Miami-Illinois verb 'he speaks the regular way'.

FactSnippet No. 470,243

The current spelling form, Illinois, began to appear in the early 1670s, when French colonists had settled in the western area.

FactSnippet No. 470,244

French Empire Canadiens came south to settle particularly along the Mississippi River, and Illinois was part of first New France, and then of La Louisiane until 1763, when it passed to the British with their defeat of France in the Seven Years' War.

FactSnippet No. 470,245

Illinois-Wabash Company was an early claimant to much of Illinois.

FactSnippet No. 470,246

The Illinois Territory was created on February 3, 1809, with its capital at Kaskaskia, an early French settlement.

FactSnippet No. 470,247

When Illinois became a state in 1818, the Ordinance no longer applied, and about 900 slaves were held in the state.

FactSnippet No. 470,248

In 1847, after lobbying by Dorothea L Dix, Illinois became one of the first states to establish a system of state-supported treatment of mental illness and disabilities, replacing local almshouses.

FactSnippet No. 470,249

The seaway and the Illinois Waterway connected Chicago to both the Mississippi River and the Atlantic Ocean.

FactSnippet No. 470,250

Illinois had a prominent role in the emergence of the nuclear age.

FactSnippet No. 470,251

In 1961, Illinois became the first state in the nation to adopt the recommendation of the American Law Institute and pass a comprehensive criminal code revision that repealed the law against sodomy.

FactSnippet No. 470,252

Illinois was above sea level for at least part of the Mesozoic, but by its end was again submerged by the Western Interior Seaway.

FactSnippet No. 470,253

Illinois is located in the Midwest region of the United States and is one of the eight states in the Great Lakes region of North America.

FactSnippet No. 470,254

Southern Illinois includes the hilly areas around the Shawnee National Forest.

FactSnippet No. 470,255

Northern Illinois is dominated by Chicago metropolitan area, or Chicagoland, which is the city of Chicago and its suburbs, and the adjoining exurban area into which the metropolis is expanding.

FactSnippet No. 470,256

Third division is Southern Illinois, comprising the area south of U S Route 50, including Little Egypt, near the juncture of the Mississippi River and Ohio River.

FactSnippet No. 470,257

Southern Illinois is the site of the ancient city of Cahokia, as well as the site of the first state capital at Kaskaskia, which today is separated from the rest of the state by the Mississippi River.

FactSnippet No. 470,258

The other somewhat significant concentration of population in Southern Illinois is the Carbondale-Marion-Herrin, Illinois Combined Statistical Area centered on Carbondale and Marion, a two-county area that is home to 123, 272 residents.

FactSnippet No. 470,259

Illinois has a climate that varies widely throughout the year.

FactSnippet No. 470,260

Illinois has large numbers of African Americans and Latinos.

FactSnippet No. 470,261

Illinois has one of the largest concentrations of Missouri Synod Lutherans in the United States.

FactSnippet No. 470,262

Illinois played an important role in the early Latter Day Saint movement, with Nauvoo, Illinois becoming a gathering place for Mormons in the early 1840s.

FactSnippet No. 470,263

Illinois has the largest concentration of Muslims by state in the country, with 2, 800 Muslims per 100, 000 citizens.

FactSnippet No. 470,264

In most years, Illinois is either the first or second state for the highest production of soybeans, with a harvest of 427.

FactSnippet No. 470,265

Illinois is a leader in food manufacturing and meat processing.

FactSnippet No. 470,266

Illinois produces wine, and the state is home to two American viticultural areas.

FactSnippet No. 470,267

Illinois's universities are actively researching alternative agricultural products as alternative crops.

FactSnippet No. 470,268

Illinois is a net importer of fuels for energy, despite large coal resources and some minor oil production.

FactSnippet No. 470,269

Coal industry of Illinois has its origins in the middle 19th century, when entrepreneurs such as Jacob Loose discovered coal in locations such as Sangamon County.

FactSnippet No. 470,270

In 2008, Illinois exported three million tons of coal, and was projected to export nine million in 2011, as demand for energy grows in places such as China, India, and elsewhere in Asia and Europe.

FactSnippet No. 470,271

Illinois ranked first in the nation in 2010 in both nuclear capacity and nuclear generation.

FactSnippet No. 470,272

Illinois has seen growing interest in the use of wind power for electrical generation.

FactSnippet No. 470,273

Illinois ranked ninth among U S states in installed wind power capacity, and sixteenth by potential capacity.

FactSnippet No. 470,274

Large wind farms in Illinois include Twin Groves, Rail Splitter, EcoGrove, and Mendota Hills.

FactSnippet No. 470,275

The Archer Daniels Midland corporation in Decatur, Illinois, is the world's leading producer of ethanol from corn.

FactSnippet No. 470,276

Illinois failed to pass a budget from 2015 to 2017, after the 736-day budget impasse, a budget was passed in Illinois after lawmakers overturned Governor Bruce Rauner's veto; this budget raised the personal income rate to 4.

FactSnippet No. 470,277

Illinois has numerous museums; the greatest concentration of these are in Chicago.

FactSnippet No. 470,278

Illinois is a leader in music education, having hosted the Midwest Clinic International Band and Orchestra Conference since 1946, as well being home to the Illinois Music Educators Association, one of the largest professional music educator's organizations in the country.

FactSnippet No. 470,279

Two most prominent are the Illinois Fighting Illini and Northwestern Wildcats, both members of the Big Ten Conference and the only ones competing in one of the so-called "Power Five conferences".

FactSnippet No. 470,280

The Western Illinois Leathernecks are full members of the Summit League, which does not sponsor football, and compete in the MVFC.

FactSnippet No. 470,281

The Eastern Illinois Panthers are members of the Ohio Valley Conference (OVC).

FactSnippet No. 470,282

The Illinois Compiled Statutes are the codified statutes of a general and permanent nature.

FactSnippet No. 470,283

The government of Illinois has numerous departments, agencies, boards and commissions, but the so-called code departments provide most of the state's services.

FactSnippet No. 470,284

Administrative divisions of Illinois are counties, townships, precincts, cities, towns, villages, and special-purpose districts.

FactSnippet No. 470,285

Illinois'storically, Illinois was a political swing state, with near-parity existing between the Republican and the Democratic parties.

FactSnippet No. 470,286

However, in recent elections, the Democratic Party has gained ground, and Illinois has come to be seen as a solid "blue" state in presidential campaigns.

FactSnippet No. 470,287

From 1920 until 1972, Illinois was carried by the victor of each of these 14 presidential elections.

FactSnippet No. 470,288

Illinois served in the General Assembly and represented the 7th congressional district in the U S House of Representatives before his election to the presidency in 1860.

FactSnippet No. 470,289

Illinois then became president in 2008, running as a candidate from his Illinois base.

FactSnippet No. 470,290

Illinois then became an actor, and later became California's Governor before being elected president.

FactSnippet No. 470,291

Three families from Illinois have played particularly prominent roles in the Democratic Party, gaining both statewide and national fame.

FactSnippet No. 470,292

The University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign is often ranked among the best engineering schools in the world and in United States.

FactSnippet No. 470,293

Illinois has more than twenty additional accredited four-year universities, both public and private, and dozens of small liberal arts colleges across the state.

FactSnippet No. 470,294

Schools in Illinois are funded primarily by property taxes, based on state assessment of property values, rather than direct state contributions.

FactSnippet No. 470,295

Illinois has an extensive passenger and freight rail transportation network.

FactSnippet No. 470,296

Chicago is a national Amtrak hub and in-state passengers are served by Amtrak's Illinois Service, featuring the Chicago to Carbondale Illini and Saluki, the Chicago to Quincy Carl Sandburg and Illinois Zephyr, and the Chicago to St Louis Lincoln Service.

FactSnippet No. 470,297

Interstate Highways in Illinois are all segments of the Interstate Highway System that are owned and maintained by the state.

FactSnippet No. 470,298

Illinois has the distinction of having the most primary interstates pass through it among all the 50 states with 13.

FactSnippet No. 470,299