56 Facts About Arkansas


Arkansas is the 29th largest by area and the 34th most populous state, with a population of just over 3 million at the 2020 census.

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Previously part of French Louisiana and the Louisiana Purchase, the Territory of Arkansas was admitted to the Union as the 25th state on June 15, 1836.

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In 1861, Arkansas seceded from the United States and joined the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War.

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On returning to the Union in 1868, Arkansas continued to suffer economically, due to its overreliance on the large-scale plantation economy.

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Arkansas's culture is observable in museums, theaters, novels, television shows, restaurants, and athletic venues across the state.

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Arkansas's men obeyed and did not stop with the men, but were said to have massacred women and children as well.

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Arkansas's body was weighted down with sand and he was consigned to a watery grave in the Mississippi River under cover of darkness by his men.

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The name Arkansas has been pronounced and spelled in a variety of fashions.

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Gradual emancipation in Arkansas was struck down by one vote, the Speaker of the House Henry Clay, allowing Arkansas to organize as a slave territory.

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Slavery became a wedge issue in Arkansas, forming a geographic divide that remained for decades.

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Owners and operators of the cotton plantation economy in southeast Arkansas firmly supported slavery, as they perceived slave labor as the best or "only" economically viable method of harvesting their commodity crops.

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The "hill country" of northwest Arkansas was unable to grow cotton and relied on a cash-scarce, subsistence farming economy.

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The wealth developed among planters of southeast Arkansas caused a political rift to form between the northwest and southeast.

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Arkansas did not secede until Abraham Lincoln demanded Arkansas troops be sent to Fort Sumter to quell the rebellion there.

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Arkansas held a very important position for the Rebels, maintaining control of the Mississippi River and surrounding Southern states.

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Battles early in the war took place in northwest Arkansas, including the Battle of Cane Hill, Battle of Pea Ridge, and Battle of Prairie Grove.

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Under the Military Reconstruction Act, Congress declared Arkansas restored to the Union in June 1868, after the Legislature accepted the 14th Amendment.

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Between 1905 and 1911, Arkansas began to receive a small immigration of German, Slovak, and Scots-Irish from Europe.

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Arkansas is home to many caves, such as Blanchard Springs Caverns.

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Arkansas has many rivers, lakes, and reservoirs within or along its borders.

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The Arkansas is fed by the Mulberry and Fourche LaFave Rivers in the Arkansas River Valley, which is home to Lake Dardanelle.

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Arkansas has few natural lakes and many reservoirs, such as Bull Shoals Lake, Lake Ouachita, Greers Ferry Lake, Millwood Lake, Beaver Lake, Norfork Lake, DeGray Lake, and Lake Conway.

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Dominant species in Arkansas's forests include Quercus, Carya (hickory), Pinus echinata (shortleaf pine) and Pinus taeda (loblolly pine).

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Arkansas wildlife is famous for the white-tailed deer, elk, and bald eagle.

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Generally, Arkansas, has hot, humid summers and slightly drier, mild to cool winters.

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Arkansas is located in Tornado Alley, and as a result, a few of the most destructive tornadoes in U S history have struck the state.

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Fayetteville–Springdale–Rogers Metropolitan Area is the second-largest metropolitan area in Arkansas, growing at the fastest rate due to the influx of businesses and the growth of the University of Arkansas and Walmart.

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From fewer than 15, 000 in 1820, Arkansas's population grew to 52, 240 during a special census in 1835, far exceeding the 40, 000 required to apply for statehood.

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Arkansas again began to grow, recording positive growth rates ever since and exceeding two million by the 1980 Census.

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Arkansas continued to be dominated by evangelicals, followed by mainline Protestants and historically black or African American churches.

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Arkansas's mines produce natural gas, oil, crushed stone, bromine, and vanadium.

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Arkansas gained 12 spots in the best state for business rankings since 2011.

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Arkansas is the nation's largest producer of rice, broilers, and turkeys, and ranks in the top three for cotton, pullets, and aquaculture.

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Transportation in Arkansas is overseen by the Arkansas Department of Transportation, headquartered in Little Rock.

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Arkansas first designated a state highway system in 1924, and first numbered its roads in 1926.

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Arkansas had one of the first paved roads, the Dollarway Road, and one of the first members of the Interstate Highway System.

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Northwest Arkansas is served by the segment of I-49 from Fort Smith to the beginning of the Bella Vista Bypass.

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Arkansas is served by 2, 750 miles of railroad track divided among twenty-six railroad companies including three Class I railroads.

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Governor of Arkansas is Asa Hutchinson, a Republican, who was inaugurated on January 13, 2015.

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The six other elected executive positions in Arkansas are lieutenant governor, secretary of state, attorney general, treasurer, auditor, and land commissioner.

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Arkansas governors served two-year terms until a referendum lengthened the term to four years, effective with the 1986 election.

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Arkansas was the last state of the old Confederacy to never have Republicans control either chamber of its house since the American Civil War.

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Arkansas has elected only three Republicans to the U S Senate since Reconstruction: Tim Hutchinson, who was defeated after one term by Mark Pryor; John Boozman, who defeated incumbent Blanche Lincoln; and Tom Cotton, who defeated Pryor in 2014.

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Arkansas was one of just three states among the states of the former Confederacy that sent two Democrats to the U S Senate for any period during the first decade of the 21st century.

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Arkansas held the distinction of having a U S House delegation composed entirely of military veterans.

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Under the Arkansas Constitution, Arkansas is a right to work state.

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Arkansas is usually ranked as one of the least healthy states due to high obesity, smoking, and sedentary lifestyle rates, but according to a Gallup poll, Arkansas made the most immediate progress in reducing its number of uninsured residents after the Affordable Care Act passed.

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Arkansas has 1, 064 state-funded kindergartens, elementary, junior and senior high schools.

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Arkansas specifically received an A in Transition and Policy Making for progress in this area consisting of early-childhood education, college readiness, and career readiness.

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Culture of Arkansas includes distinct cuisine, dialect, and traditional festivals.

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College football in Arkansas began from humble beginnings, when the University of Arkansas first fielded a team in 1894.

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The University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff is a member of the Southwestern Athletic Conference, a league whose members all play football in the second-level Football Championship Subdivision.

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The state's other DivisionI member is the University of Central Arkansas, which joined the ASUN Conference in 2021 after leaving the FCS Southland Conference.

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Baseball runs deep in Arkansas and has been popular before the state hosted Major League Baseball spring training in Hot Springs from 1886 to the 1920s.

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Today a significant portion of Arkansas's population participates in hunting duck in the Mississippi flyway and deer across the state.

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Arkansas is home to many areas protected by the National Park System.

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